Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-28
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#28 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Indian War Memorial in France; Broadcasting Content Complaint Council (BCCC); IGLA-S missile system; Global Cooling Prize; Global Hunger Index 2018; European Union 'strategy paper'; National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC); ‘Greater Nagaland’; Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd; Changi Naval Base;
By IT's Core Team
April 18, 2019

 

 

 

Navies of which countries can use the Changi Naval Base?

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Answer:

  • Navies of USA, Malaysia, Indonesia, Japan, China, India, Britain, New Zealand and Australia csn use the Changi Naval Base.

Enrich Your Learning:

Changi naval base:

Changi naval base

  • Changi Naval Base (CNB), officially known as RSS Singapura – Changi Naval Base, is the latest naval facility of the Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN) and was built to replace Brani Naval Base.
  • Located about 1.5 kilometres east of Changi Air Base (East) and 3.5 kilometres east of Singapore Changi Airport, the base was built on 1.28 sq. km of reclaimed land.
  • It was officially opened on 21 May 2004 by the Prime Minister of Singapore, Goh Chok Tong.
  • The Navy Museum was opened at the entrance of the base in 2012.
  • Changi Naval Base has twice the land area, five times the berthing space and deeper waters than Brani Naval Base.
  • One of its key features is the use of state-of-the-art technology and engineering designs to reduce manpower usage and increase operational efficiency.
  • The base is also available for use by the navies of countries such as USA, Malaysia, Indonesia, Japan, China, India, Britain, New Zealand and Australia.

 

 

 

The Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd has constructed and commissioned storages on which locations?

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Answer:

  • The Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd has constructed and commissioned underground rock caverns for storage of total 5.33 MMT of crude oil at three locations namely Vishakhapatnam (1.33 MMT), Mangalore (1.5 MMT) and Padur (2.5 MMT).

Enrich Your Learning:

  • The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister has approved the filling of Padur Strategic Petroleum Reserves (SPR) at Padur, Karnataka by overseas National Oil Companies (NOCs).
  • The SPR facility at Padur is an underground rock cavern with a total capacity of 2.5 million metric tonnes (MMT) having four compartments of 0.625 MMT each.
  • The filling of the SPR under PPP model is being undertaken to reduce budgetary support of Government of India.
  • The Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Ltd. (ISPRL) has constructed and commissioned underground rock caverns for storage of total 5.33 MMT of crude oil at three locations namely Vishakhapatnam (1.33 MMT), Mangalore (1.5 MMT) and Padur (2.5 MMT).
  • The total 5.33 MMT capacity under Phase-I of the SPR programme is currently estimated to supply approximately 9.5 days of India’s crude requirement according to the consumption data for FY 2017-18.
  • Government has given ‘in principle’ approval in June 2018 for establishing additional 6.5 MMT SPR facilities at Chandikhol in Odisha and Padur in Karnataka, which is expected to augment India’s energy security by 11.5 days according the consumption data for FY 2017-18.

 

 

 

In context of Naga conflict, National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang) wants an independent “Greater Nagaland”. This “Greater Nagaland” demand includes which areas?

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Answer:

  • All the Naga-inhabited areas Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and some portions Myanmar are included in establishment of Nagalim.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Greater Nagaland’

  • The purported objective of the National Socialist Council of Nagaland-Isak-Muivah (NSCN-IM) is the establishment of a Nagalim (Greater Nagaland), consisting of all the Naga-inhabited areas of neighbouring Assam, Manipur, Arunachal Pradesh and some portions Myanmar, which it considers to be the rightful homeland of the Nagas.
  • Slated to be an independent State, the Nagalim lies in the Patkai range between the 930 and 970 East longitude and 23.50 and 28.30 North latitude at the trijunction of China, India and Myanmar.
  • The proposed Nagalim spreads over approximately 1, 20,000 sq. km. in contrast to the present State of Nagaland that has an area of 16,527 sq. km.

Background:

  • Nagaland insists that more land that has “historically” belonged to the Nagas continues to remain under Assam’s “occupation”.
  • The state says that the 16-point agreement of 1960 that led to its creation included the “restoration” of all Naga territories transferred out of the Naga Hills after the British annexed Assam in 1826.
  • The Nagaland Assembly has endorsed the demand for “integration of all Naga-inhabited areas” as many as five times — in 1964, 1970, 1994, 2003 and 2015.
  • The stand of the Assam government is clear that they won’t allow any change to the state’s geography.

 

 

 

What are the aim and objectives of the National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC)?

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Answer:

  • The objectives of NCDC are planning and promoting programmes for production, processing, marketing, storage, export and import of agricultural produce, foodstuffs, industrial goods, livestock and certain other notified commodities and services on cooperative principles and for matters concerned therewith or incidental thereto.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC):

  • The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) was established by an Act of Parliament in 1963 as a statutory Corporation under the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare.

Functions

  • Planning, promoting and financing programmes for production, processing, marketing, storage, export and import of agricultural produce, food stuffs, certain other notified commodities e.g. fertilisers, insecticides, agricultural machinery, lac, soap, kerosene oil, textile, rubber etc., supply of consumer goods and collection, processing, marketing, storage and export of minor forest produce through cooperatives, besides income generating stream of activities such as poultry, dairy, fishery, sericulture, handloom etc.
  • NCDC will now be able to finance projects in the rural industrial cooperative sectors and for certain notified services in rural areas like water conservation, irrigation and micro irrigation, agri-insurance, agro-credit, rural sanitation, animal health, etc.
  • Loans and grants are advanced to State Governments for financing primary and secondary level cooperative societies and direct to the national level and other societies having objects extending beyond one State.
  • The Corporation can also go in for direct funding of projects under its various schemes of assistance on fulfilment of stipulated conditions.

About Organization:

  • The Management vests in 51 member widely represented General Council to give shape to its policies and programmes and Board of Management with 12 members to cater to day-to-day activities.
  • Besides its Head Office, NCDC functions through 18 Regional/State Directorates.
  • The Managing Director is the Chief Executive.
  • NCDC is endowed with in-house technical and managerial capabilities in the areas of Cooperation, Organisation & Methods, Financial Management, Management Information Systems, Sugar, Oilseeds, Textiles, Fruits & Vegetables, Dairy, Poultry and Livestock, Fishery, Handlooms, Civil Engineering, Refrigeration and Preservation to help cooperatives to identify/formulate projects and successfully implement them.
  • Sources of Funds of NCDC includes internal accruals, market borrowings and allocations from Government of India including International assistance.

 

 

 

Recently, European Union has unveiled a ‘strategy paper’. This paper provides a broad overview of the EU’s plan to expand ties with which country?

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Answer:

  • The strategy paper provides a broad overview of the EU’s plan to expand ties with India in several key sectors for the next two decades.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • The European Union unveiled a ‘strategy paper’ outlining the broad roadmap for stepping up cooperation with India in a range of key sectors, including trade, investment, defence and security, innovation, and on dealing with various global challenges.
  • European Union (EU) and India two sides are also going to have military cooperation in the Indian Ocean region.
  • India and the EU are significantly deepening their counter-cooperation to effectively deal with the challenge of terrorism in the region.
  • India is on the top of the agenda of the EU in the field of external relations.
  • On the stalled negotiations for the India-EU free trade agreement, both sides are actively engaged on the issue.
  • The strategy paper provides a broad overview of the EU’s plan to expand ties with India in several key sectors for the next two decades.

 

 

 

Vice President of India, M. Venkaiah Naidu recently inaugurated the First World War Memorial constructed by the Government of India at which place?

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Answer:

  • The First World War Memorial is constructed by the Government of India at the town of Villers Guislain in France.

Enrich Your Learning:

Indian War Memorial in France:

  • It was built to pay tribute to thousands of Indian soldiers who fought selflessly and made supreme sacrifices during the World War I.
  • The memorial, constructed by the Government of India through the United Services Institution (USI). The USI is preparing battlefield guides of India’s major wars before Independence to promote ‘battlefield tourism’.
  • It was almost 100 years back on this same soil that the Indian Cavalry comprising of the Deccan Horse, Hodson’s Horse, Poona Horse, Central India Horse and 18 Cavalry had charged at German positions during the Battle.
  • The Battle of Cambrai was fought on this land in 1917. Over 40,000 soldiers had died during that battle, including many Indians.
  • The land in Villers-Guislain was donated by the French government to the Government of India for constructing a memorial recognising the sacrifices of Indian soldiers during during the Battle of Cambrai in 1917.

 

 

 

In the Global Hunger Index 2018, India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries, with hunger levels categorised as “alarming”. Right or Wrong?

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Answer:

  • Wrong

Right Statement:

  • India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries, with hunger levels categorised as “serious”.

Enrich Your Learning:

Key Facts:

  • India has been ranked at 103 out of 119 countries, with hunger levels categorised as “serious”, in the Global Hunger Index 2018.
  • As per the National Family Health Survey-2016, the proportion of stunted (low height for age) children under five is significantly higher (38.4%) than global (22.9%) averages.
  • The underweight (low weight for age) children rate (35.7%) is a lot higher than the global average (13.5%) too.
  • India is home to over 53.3 million stunted, 49.6 million underweight and 29.2 million wasted (low weight for height) children under five.
  • With the increase in diversity in food intake, measured through Food Intake Index using 19 food items in all 640 districts, malnutrition (stunted/underweight) status declines.
  • With the increase in diversity in food intake, measured through Food Intake Index using 19 food items in all 640 districts, malnutrition (stunted/underweight) status declines.
  • Only 12% of children are likely to be stunted and underweight in areas where diversity in food intake is high, while around 50% children are stunted if they consume less than three food items.
  • The low income and Empowered-Action-Group (EAG) States face major challenges to improve malnutrition, but, two EAG States, Chhattisgarh and Odisha, have performed better on this front compared to Gujarat and Maharashtra where per capita income is almost double.
  • The launch of the National Nutrition Mission as a strategy to fight maternal and child malnutrition is a welcome step towards achieving the targets of underweight and stunted children under five years from 35.7% to 20.7% and from 38.4% to 25% respectively by 2022.

 

 

 

A new prize for innovative cooling technologies called Global Cooling Prize is instituted by?

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Answer:

  • A new prize for innovative cooling technologies called Global Cooling Prize is instituted by the Ministry of science and technology.

Enrich Your Learning:

Global Cooling Prize:

  • The Ministry of science and technology instituted a new prize for innovative cooling technologies that could reduce the climate impact of Residential Air Conditioning (RAC) at least by five times.
  • Global Cooling Prize is an innovation competition to develop a climate-friendly residential cooling solution that can provide access to cooling to people around the world without warming the planet.
  • It will be administered by a coalition of leading research institutes — Rocky Mountain Institute (RMI), Conservation X Labs, the Alliance for an Energy Efficient Economy (AEEE), and CEPT University.
  • The Global Cooling Prize is an international competition to encourage the development of a residential cooling technology which impacts the environment five times lesser than the standard Room Air Conditioning (RAC).
  • The Global Cooling Prize is a global innovation competition. This encourages participants from worldwide to innovate technology to rapidly lessen the harmful impact of cooling technology on climate.
  • The key objective of the competition is to develop climate-friendly residential cooling solutions which would provide an access to cooling without increasing to global warming.
  • The desired technology could prevent up to 100 gigatons (GT) of CO2- equivalent emissions by 2050.
  • This innovation will lead to mitigating up to 0.5 degrees of global warming by 2100 while continuing it to develop the standard of living of the people living in developing countries around the globe.
  • The winner of the competition will be awarded a with prize money of over UDS 3 million over the course of the two-year-long competition.

Background:

  • There are about 1.2 billion room air conditioning units which are currently in service all over the world.
  • The numbers of units are expected to reduce to 4.5 billion by 2050.
  • The Indian market solely might see a reduction of about 1 billion air conditioning units.
  • The energy consumption in comfort cooling represents one of the largest end-use risks to the climate.

 

 

 

Recently IGLA-S missile system has won bid for Indian Army’s Very Short Range Air Defence (VSHORAD) deal. IGLA-S missile system is developed by which country?

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Answer:

  • IGLA-S missile system is developed by Russia.

Enrich Your Learning:

IGLA-S missile system:

IGLA-S missile system

  • It is latest model of Russian MANPADS (Man-portable air-defense system) technology.
  • It offers superior performance over earlier supplied SA-18 missiles to India.
  • It is designed for use against visible aerial targets at short range such as tactical aircraft, helicopters, unmanned aerial vehicle (UAVs), cruise missile, head-on or receding, in presence of natural (background) clutter and countermeasures.
  • As per requirements of Indian Army, it will have maximum range of 6km, altitude of 3km along with all-weather capability.
  • Igla-S missile system will replace the existing Igla in service which is in urgent need of replacement.

 

 

 

What is the objective of Broadcasting Content Complaint Council (BCCC)?

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Solution:

  • BCCC was set up with the objective to aid and promote the self-regulatory practice in the broadcast industry.

Enrich Your Learning:

Broadcasting Content Complaint Council (BCCC):

  • The Broadcasting Content Complaints Council (BCCC) is an independent self-regulatory body set-up by the Indian Broadcasting Foundation in 2011, in consultation with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
  • Its job is to monitor content as per the guidelines set by the IBF and Ministry of Information in a joint effort.
  • The primary role of BCCC is to implement self-regulatory guidelines for non-news channels, including general entertainment channels, kids channels and special interest channels.
  • The self-regulatory body has 13 members: one chairperson, four non-broadcast members, four members from national level statutory commissions, and four members from the broadcast industry.
  • The guidelines have been formulated after deliberations from the industry and the Government of India around areas such as national interest, racial and religious harmony, ill treatment of children, social values, sex and nudity, violence and crime, gambling, drugs, smoking, tobacco consumption, alcohol, defamation, harm and offence.
  • In the case of a valid complaint, the respective channel is asked to provide their view on the offending content within one working week of receipt of a letter from BCCC.
  • Post evaluation of the channel’s response, if the BCCC committee is not satisfied, it has the power to pass a directive asking necessary modifications or withdrawal of such content, failing which, the BCCC sends out a detailed report to the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting within 24 hours.
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