Flash Cards

Day#28 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Impressed tortoise’; Japanese Washi; Intangible Cultural Heritage; Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN); Garuda military exercise; Article 87 and Article 87 of the Constitution of India; etc.
By IASToppers
August 26, 2019



Which two articles in the Indian constitution deal with the Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament?

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  • Article 86 and 87 deal with the Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament.

Enrich Your Learning:

Article 87 deals with Special Address by the President and provides that:

  • the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together at the commencement of the first session after each general election to the Lok Sabha and at the commencement of the first session of each year and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons.

‘Article 87 of the Constitution of India’

  • Articles 86 and 87 of the Constitution deal with the Address by the President.
  • Article 87(1) originally required the President to address both Houses of Parliament at the commencement of every session.
  • The Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951, amended this provision.
  • Article 87 makes it clear that the Address is to be to both Houses of Parliament assembled together.
  • Thus if at the time of commencement of the first session of the year, the Lok Sabha has been dissolved and the Rajya Sabha has to meet, then the Rajya Sabha can have its Session
  • without the President’s Address.



Garuda military exercise was held between which two nations?

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  • The Garuda exercise was held between India and France.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Garuda VI military exercise:

  • The Indian Air Force and French Air Force participated in a bilateral air exercise Garuda VI at Mont de Marsan in France.
  • The exercise, which took place in July 2019, saw the most potent fighter aircraft of the two countries going head-to-head to validate the latest defence strategies and fine-tune their waging capabilities.
  • This is the sixth edition of Exercise Garuda. The last exercise, ‘Garuda V’ was held at Air Force Station Jodhpur in 2014.
  • Garuda exercise is a part of Indo-Pacific cooperation of the two nations.
  • The Garuda exercise is alternately held in France and India, and it falls under the global framework of bilateral cooperation between the two nations.

Key Facts

  • The first edition of the Garuda exercise was held in February 2003 in Gwalior.



What is the mandate of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)?

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  • ICANN’ is responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet, ensuring the network’s stable and secure operation.

Enrich Your Learning:


  • The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation.
  • It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers.
  • It plays a unique role in the infrastructure of the internet.
  • Through its contracts with registries (such as dot-com or dot-info) and registrars (companies that sell domain names to individuals and organisations) ICANN help define how the domain name system functions and expands.
  • ICANN performs the actual technical maintenance work of the Central Internet Address pools and DNS root zone registries pursuant to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) function contract.



Is Impressed tortoise found in India?

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  • Impressed tortoise occurs in mountainous forest areas in Southeast Asia in Burma, southern China, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia and Northeast India.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Impressed tortoise’

  • The Impressed Tortoise measures one feet, and has a “brilliant spine” bent upwards and serrated.

About ‘Impressed tortoise’

  • The species has a golden brown shell and skin.
  • Adults are much smaller than their relatives the Asian forest tortoise (Manouria emys), with a maximum size of 35 cm.
  • Females are larger than males, and they lay around 20 or so eggs in a shallow scrape, which is then covered with a mound of leaf litter and some loose soil.
  • It lives at high elevations, up to 2, 000 m its behaviour is little known; diet in the wild may consist largely of mushrooms, although bamboo shoots are also eaten.

Why is it in news?

  • Wildlife experts have discovered the Impressed Tortoise also known as the Manouria impressa near Yazali of Lower Subansari district in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • It has never been previously sighted in India.
  • A male and a female species of the Impressed Tortoise were discovered in June 2019.
  • This has increased the total number to 29 species of non-marine chelonians and five tortoises in the country.

Key Facts:

  • Tortoises differ from turtles on account of being terrestrial animals.



A term ‘Japanese washi’ was recently in news. What is it?

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  • Japanese washi is a type of handmade paper.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Japanese Washi Paper?

  • Washi is the Japanese word for the traditional papers made from the long inner fibres of three plants.
  • It has the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage status.

Why is it in news?

  • Hiroyoshi Chinzei, a fourth-generation traditional paper maker is reviving the paper by making world’s thinnest paper.
  • It has helped save historical documents at major museums and libraries including the Louvre in Paris, the British Museum and Washington’s Library of Congress from decay.

Significance of Washi paper:

  • Washi paper is more flexible and durable than “western paper”, which disintegrates into tiny pieces when it becomes very old.
  • The traditional hand-made paper is manufactured from plants called kozo, or mulberry, which has fibres that are much longer than materials used for paper in the west such as wood and cotton.

What is Intangible Cultural Heritage?

  • Intangible Cultural Heritage means the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage.
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