Flash Cards

Day#29 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Surjit Bhalla Committee; Goa Liberation movement; Non-permanent members of United Nations Security Council (UNSC); Six-Day war; Satkosia Tiger Reserve; Mahanadi river
By IASToppers
August 27, 2019

 

 

Which river flows through the Satkosia Tiger Reserve?

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Answer:

  • Mahanadi river flows through Satkosia Tiger Reserve.

Enrich Your Learning:

Satkosia Tiger Reserve

  • Satkosia is spread along gorge over Mahanadi River in Odisha and it was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1976.
  • The area was declared as Satkosia Tiger Reserve in 2007, comprising of two adjoining wildlife sanctuaries the Satkosia Gorge sanctuary and Baisipalli sanctuary.
  • The Reserve is spread over four districts such as Angul, Cuttack, Nayagarh and Boudh.

About Mahanadi

  • The Mahanadi rises in the highlands of Chhattisgarh.
  • It flows through Odisha to reach the Bay of Bengal, the length of the river is 860 Km.
  • Its drainage basin is shared by Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, and Odisha.

 About Mahanadi

Tadoba Tiger Reserve

  • Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve is situated in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra state in central India.
  • The Tadoba National Park was created in the year 1955 and the Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary in 1986 it was amalgamated with the park in 1995 to establish the present Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve.
  • The word ‘Tadoba’ is derived from the name of God “Tadoba” or “Taru”.
  • “Andhari” is derived from the name of Andhari river that flows in this area.
  • The Tadoba National Park is divided into three separate forest ranges: Tadoba north range, Kolsa south range, and Morhurli range.
  • There are two lakes and one river in the park namely the ‘Tadoba Lake,’ ‘Kolsa Lake,’ and ‘Tadoba River.’
  • The Tadoba Reserve covers the hilly area known as the Chimur Hills.
  • The Andhari Sanctuary stretches over the Moharli and Kolsa ranges.

Tadoba Tiger Reserve

About Andhari river

  • Andhari river is a minor river of the Wainganga basin, it flows through the Chandrapur district of Maharashtra.

 

 

The Six-Day War was fought between which nations?

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Answer:

  • In the six-day war Israel fought against a combined force of Egypt, Jordan, Syria.

Enrich Your Learning:

Six-Day War

  • The Six-Day war began on June 5, 1967 resulting in a massive reorganisation of territories in the middle-east.
  • It was the third in the long line of Arab-Israeli wars that started in 1948, around the time of the creation of the Israeli state.
  • The immediate spark that led to a war was the closure of the Straits of Tiran.
  • By the end of the war, Israel had annexed the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan and Golan Heights from Syria.

Six-Day War

Six-Day War 1

Significance of Straits of Tiran

  • Straits of Tiran a narrow strip of sea between the Sinai Peninsula and Saudi Arabia that is Israel’s lone point of access to the Red Sea and beyond.

Significance of Straits of Tiran

Why is the war so significant?

  • The war caused widespread displacements, over a million refugees from West Bank, Gaza and Golan Heights being forced to flee.
  • It expanded Israel’s borders and sent a resounding message about the country as a military power to the world.

 

 

How many non-permanent members does the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) consist of?

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Answer:

  • The United nations security council consists of 10 non-permanent members.

Enrich Your Learning:

Election of five non-permanent members of UNSC

  • The General Assembly of United Nations increased the number of non-permanent members of the Security Council from 6 to 10 in 1965.
  • The Security Council consists of five permanent members and 10 non-permanent members elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years.
  • Each year the 193-member General Assembly elects five non-permanent members for a two-year term at the UN high-table.

The 10 non-permanent seats are distributed on a regional basis:

  • Five for African and Asian States;
  • One for Eastern European States;
  • Two for the Latin American and Caribbean States;
  • Two for Western European and other States.

Why is it news?

  • India’s candidature for a non-permanent seat at the UN Security Council for a two-year term was endorsed by the 55-member Asia-Pacific grouping, including China and Pakistan in June 2019.
  • The 55-member Asia-Pacific Group gets to nominate one of its members for the June 2020 elections to a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.
  • India will need the vote of two-thirds of the 193 UN General Assembly members to win a non-permanent seat on the UNSC.
  • Elections for the five non-permanent members of the 15-nation Council for the 2021-22 term will be held around June 2020.

Key Facts

  • The five permanent members of the Council are China, France, Russia, UK and the US.
  • India has been elected as a non-permanent member of the Council for the years 1950–1951, 1967–1968, 1972–1973, 1977–1978, 1984–1985, 1991–1992 and in 2011–2012.
  • India has been keen to hold the seat in 2021-22 to coincide with the 75th anniversary of Independence in 2022.
  • India will be hosting the G-20 meeting in 2022.

 

 

On which date is Goa Liberation day celebrated?

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Answer:

  • Goa Liberation Day is celebrated on 19th December every year.

Enrich Your Learning:

Goa Liberation movement

Goa Liberation movement

  • The Goa liberation movement was a movement which was aimed at ending Portuguese colonial rule in Goa.
  • The movement built on the small scale revolts and uprisings of the 19th century.
  • Between 1852 and 1912, fourteen different rebellions were sprung by the locals against the Portuguese. Such as Dipaji Rane, who carried the fight for four years and was able to extract several leniencies from the Portuguese.
  • The Portuguese also imposed press censorship, suspension of laws and autocratic rule of the Governor of Goa.
  • It was only after India gained her independence that Nationalists based in Goa and Bombay began to make a concerted effort to persuade the Indian Government to take necessary action to integrate Goa with the rest of the Indian Union.
  • The movement was conducted both inside and outside Goa and was characterized by a range of tactics including nonviolent demonstrations, revolutionary methods and diplomatic efforts.
  • In 1946, socialist leader Ram Manohar Lohia called for a gathering of Goans in Madgao to agitate against the suspension of civil liberties. However, the Portuguese dispersed the crowds arrest Lohia.
  • After 1946, the Portuguese tightened the control against the Satyagrahis, but leaders like T.B. Cunha kept the movement alive.
  • After India became free, the Government of India lobbied the Government of Portugal very hard to relinquish Goa but the efforts were ignored.
  • Many organizations were started to liberate Goa. Some of these organizationa were Azad Gomantak Dal, the United Front of Goans, the Goa Liberation Council, the Goan People’s Party, and the Quit Goa Organization.
  • Since Portugal was a part of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO), Indian government was not ready to get into a conflict with a NATO nation.
  • In 1961, at the Afro-Asian Conference in Delhi, India’s stance on Goa was questioned and in November 1961, the Portuguese provoked India by killing one fisherman and tried to pull out villagers and take them hostage.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet ordered military ‘Operation Vijay’ to capture Goa after which Portuguese Governor General Vassalo da Silva freed Goa on 18 December and on December 19th 1961, Goa became a part of India.
  • Hence, since 1961, 19 December is celebrated as Goa Liberation Day.

 

 

What is the mandate of the High Level Advisory Group headed by Surjit S. Bhalla?

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Answer:

  • The mandate of the High Level Advisory Group is to consider ways for boosting India’s share and importance in global merchandise and services trade.

Enrich Your Learning:

Surjit Bhalla Committee

  • High Level Advisory Group (HLAG) headed by Dr. Surjit S. Bhalla was constituted by the Department of Commerce.
  • It has made several recommendations for boosting India’s share and importance in global merchandise and services trade.
  • The Report identifies tax reforms also to boost export and investment channels for exports.
  • The Committee has recommended “Elephant Bonds” as a specialised security product providing funds towards Long Term Infrastructure.
  • It has also made recommendations for reforms in Financial Services Framework for making India a Preferred Destination for financial services.

The group recommended

  • Increasing capital base of EXIM Bank by another Rs 20,000 crore by 2022.
  • Setting up of empowered investment promotion agency and seeking inputs from industry and MSMEs before signing free trade agreements (FTAs) and sensitising them of its benefits.
  • Creation of Elephant bonds.
  • Simplification in medical visa regime, setting up of a Pan-India tourism board, to promote tourism and medical value tourism.
  • Abolishing Essential Commodities Act and the APMC (Agricultural Produce Market Committee), to promote agriculture exports.
  • Modification in labour laws (like the Industrial Disputes Act, 1947) to remove limitation on firm size and allow manufacturing firms to grow.
  • Lowering effective corporate tax rate.
  • Bringing down cost of capital and simplifying regulatory and tax framework for foreign investment funds.

Elephant Bonds

  • The panel has recommended the government to create “Elephant Bonds” in which people declaring undisclosed income will be bound to invest 50 per cent.
  • The fund will be utilised only for infrastructure projects.

Key Facts:

  • Elephants is slang for large institutional investors that can move markets on their own.
  • Elephants have the funds to make high-volume trades.
Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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