Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-3
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#3 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Sunil Mehta Committee; Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP); Swajal Yojana; Lymphatic Filariasis; Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga; SRIMAN Policy; Green Mahanadi Mission; Mahanadi river; Venezuela; Shekatkar Committee; Innovate India Platform;
By IT's Core Team
March 25, 2019

 

 

 

Innovate India Platform was jointly launched by whom?

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Answer:

Atal Innovation Mission and MyGov has jointly launched ‘Innovate India Platform’.

Enrich Your Learning:

Innovate India Platform

  • NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission and MyGov has jointly launched ‘InnovateIndia Platform’.
  • It is citizen centric platform that aims to serve as common point for all innovation happening across the nation.
  • It creates much-needed innovations platform for registering both grassroots and deep-tech innovators at national level.
  • It will help those who are searching for critical innovation for benefit of the economy as well as national social needs.
  • It is open to all Indian citizens.
  • Using it, users can view, comment, share, and rate innovations crowdsourced on #InnovateIndia platform.
  • They can view leaderboard which is calculated based on votes on each innovation.
  • It allows citizens to share their organizations or someone else’s innovation on platform by login to MyGov website.
  • These innovations also can be shared on various social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp.

About Atal Innovation Mission (AIM):

  • AIM is flagship initiative to promote culture of innovation and entrepreneurship in country.
  • Its mandated is to create umbrella structure to oversee innovation ecosystem of country and revolutionize innovation eco-system.
  • Its sub-schemes include establishing Atal Tinkering Labs (ATLs) and Atal Incubation Centers (AICs), for providing scaling up support to Established Incubation Centres.
  • It also includes finding ultra-low cost solution to India’s most intractable problems through Atal Grand Challenges and Atal Vikas Challenges.

 

 

 

Shekatkar Committee was associated with which sector?

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Answer:

  • Shekatkar Committee was constituted with an aim to recommend measures to enhance combat capability & rebalancing defence expenditure of Armed Forces with an aim to increase “teeth to tail ratio”.

About the Shekatkar Committee:

  • The Union Ministry of Defence constituted a Committee of Experts under Chairmanship of Lt Gen (Retd) DB Shekatkar.
  • It recommended the measures to enhance combat capability & rebalancing defence expenditure of Armed Forces with an aim to increase “teeth to tail ratio”.
  • It submitted its report in 2016, that was taken up by the Ministry of Defence to frame key action points and roadmap for implementation.
  • It is first ever reform exercise to be undertaken in Indian Army since independence.

Measures as recommended by the Committee and taken up for implementation include:

  • Optimization of Signals Establishments to include Radio Monitoring Companies, Corps Air Support Signal Regiments, Air Formation Signal Regiments, Composite Signal Regiments and merger of Corps Operating and Engineering Signal Regiments.
  • Restructuring of repair echelons in the Army to include Base Workshops, Advance Base Workshops and Static / Station Workshops in the field Army.
  • Redeployment of Ordnance echelons to include Vehicle Depots, Ordnance Depots and Central Ordnance Depots apart from streamlining inventory control mechanisms.
  • Better utilization of Supply and Transportation echelons and Animal Transport Units.
  • Closure of Military Farms and Army Postal Establishments in peace locations.
  • Enhancement in standards for recruitment of clerical staff and drivers in the Army.
  • Improving the efficiency of the National Cadet Corps.

 

 

 

Sunil Mehta Committee was constituted for which task?

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Answer:

  • Finance Minister Piyush Goyal in June 2018 constituted the committee led by Punjab National Bank Chairman Sunil Mehta to look at the feasibility of a ‘bad bank’-like structure and give recommendations on formation of an Asset Reconstruction Company in two weeks time.

Recommendations of the Committee

  • The ‘Sashakt’ Report highlights nine guiding principles aimed at the operational turnaround of the banking sector in a manner that will create jobs and enhance the value of public sector banks.
  • Banks will be required to create a ‘Focused Vertical’ for bad assets below Rs 50 crore and set up a Steering Committee for resolution of such bad assets within 90 days.
  • It suggested the Bank Led Resolution Approach (BLRA) for loans between Rs 50 and Rs 500 crore. It suggested constitution of an Independent Screening Committee to examine resolution of such loans within 180 days and if there is no resolution in 180 days, then these bad assets will be moved to the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT).
  • The loans above Rs 500 crore will be dealt via AMC/AIF-led resolution process. The panel proposed creation of a national Asset Management Company (AMC) to take over such Non-Performing Assets from banks.
  • Recommendations included creating platforms where banks can trade in bunched loan assets.

 

 

 

Which countries share border with Venezuela?

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Answer:

Venezuela map ias

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Venezuela:

  • Venezuela is a federal republic located on the northern coast of South America.
  • It is bordered by Colombia on the west, Brazil on the south, Guyana on the east, the Dutch Caribbean ABC islands to the north and the islands of Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east.

 

 

 

Green Mahanadi Mission was launched by the government of which Indian state?

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Answer:

  • Odisha Government has launched ‘Green Mahanadi Mission’.

Enrich Your Learning:

Green Mahanadi Mission

  • Odisha Government has launched ‘Green Mahanadi Mission’.
  • It is a plantation drive under which 2 crore saplings will be planted along Mahanadi river and its tributaries.
  • The main objective of the mission is to stop soil erosion on river banks and recharge the groundwater reserve. It also aims to protect the Mahanadi River and keep it alive.
  • Under this mission, more than 5 crore saplings will be planted over an area of 41,000 hectares along the banks of Mahanadi river and its tributaries Ib and Tel rivers.
  • Mainly fruit-bearing trees like mango, jackfruit and jamun will be planted within one km radius of the river bank.
  • It will be implemented jointly by States Departments of Forest, Horticulture and Watershed Development.

About Mahanadi river:

  • Mahanadi is major river in East Central India.
  • It originates from highlands of Chhattisgarh through collection of arrays of streams.
  • It flows through Chhattisgarh and Odisha and reaches Bay of Bengal.
  • It drains an area of around 141,600 square kilometres and has total course of 858 kilometres.
  • Mahanadi valley is known for its fertile soil and flourishing agriculture. Hirakud Dam across the river is longest major earthen dam in India.
  • Its left bank tributaries are Shivnath, Mand, Ib, Hasdeo and right bank are Ong, parry river, Jonk, Telen.

 

 

 

The government of India proposed SRIMAN Policy for which objective?

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Answer:

The government of India proposed SRIMAN Policy for generating a steady rental income from scientific instruments.

SRIMAN Policy:

  • The government has proposed a new policy called the Scientific Research Infrastructure Management and Networks (SRIMAN) that could transform scientific instruments in government labs into lucrative assets generating a steady rental income.
  • Under the policy, the government plans to hire out to researchers all lab equipment that cost more than ?10 lakh. This would also reduce the amount of time such expensive instruments remain idle.
  • According to the policy, the new system envisages institutions declaring on a website how often their instruments would be available for use by those outside the department or university.
  • Those who would like to use, for example, a DNA-sequencing machine, would have to pay a fee and specify the purpose and time they would want it for.

Rationale behind the policy:

  • Currently, the practice of researchers bidding for time-slots to use lab instruments is typically seen more with very expensive equipment, such as radio telescopes and particle-accelerators, which cost crores of rupees.
  • Therefore, it was “common” to find in Indian laboratories, expensive equipment lying idle. A “large number” are not shared and are plagued by issues such as maintenance and availability of spares. This adds to the burden of research infrastructure costs.

 

 

 

Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga is a gas pipeline project of government of India. It will provide cooking (PNG) gas only to residents of the eastern region of the country. Right OR Wrong?

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Answer:

Right Statement:

  • It will also provide CNG gas for the vehicles and natural gas to industries.

About Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga:

  • URJA Ganga is a gas pipeline project of government of India.
  • The gas pipeline project aims to provide piped cooking (PNG) gas to residents of the eastern region of the country and CNG gas for the vehicles.
  • The project is being implemented by state-run gas utility GAIL.
  • The ambitious 2,655 km long Jagdishpur-Haldia & Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas Pipeline (JHBDPL) project originates at Jagdishpur (Uttar Pradesh).
  • The main trunk of pipeline ends to Haldia (West Bengal) and Dhamra (Odisha). The pipeline passes through Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal and Odisha.
  • The Urja Ganga project also augments existing GAIL’s network of trunk pipelines covering the length of around 11,000 km by 2540 km.
  • Besides, under this project work on 2540-km long Jagdishpur-Haldia and Bokaro-Dhamra Natural Gas pipeline project will begin and will be completed between 2018 and 2020.
  • Seven East India cities Varanasi, Jamshedpur, Patna, Ranchi, Kolkata, Bhubaneswar, Cuttack – will be the major beneficiary of this network development.
  • Besides, LNG terminal at Dhamra will provide clean fuel to the Industrial Development of the Eastern states of Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, West Bengal and Odisha.

Significance of the project:

  • The project is considered as a major step towards collective growth and development of the Eastern region of India. Under it, overall 20 lakh households will get PNG connections.
  • It will usher Industrial development in East India by supplying environmentally clean natural gas to fertiliser and power plant, refineries, steel plants and other industries.
  • From Varanasi’s perspective, 50,000 households and 20,000 vehicles will get cleaner and cheaper fuel PNG and CNG gas respectively.
  • It will also help in revival of defunct fertilizer plants in Barauni in Bihar, Gorakhpur in UP, Sindri in Jharkhand and Durgapur in West Bengal by supplying gas.

 

 

 

Are you sure that the Lymphatic Filariasis is a neglected tropical disease?

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Answer:

Yes. Lymphatic Filariasis is a neglected tropical disease.

About Lymphatic Filariasis:

  • LF or commonly known as Elephantiasis is one of the oldest and most debilitating neglected disease.
  • It is currently endemic in 73 countries of the world, including India.
  • LF is a devastating parasitic infection spread by mosquitoes. The parasites are thread-like worms (filariae) that develop in and then damage the human lymphatic system and associated tissues.
  • It is usually contracted in childhood, often before the age of five.
  • The damage caused by the filaria or adult worms living in the lymphatic system upset this delicate fluid balance and fluid remains in the tissues causing chronic swelling usually of the lower limbs.
  • The disease affects the poorest population in society, particularly those living in areas with poor water, sanitation and hygiene.
  • LF does not kill the affected people, but may cause permanent disfigurement, reduced productivity and social stigma.

What is lymphatic system?

  • The lymphatic system is a network of vessels and specialised tissues that are essential to the maintaining the overall fluid balance and health of organs and limbs and importantly are a major component of the body’s immune defence system.

 

 

 

What do you know about the Swajal Yojana?

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Answer:

  • Swajal is a community owned drinking water programme for sustained drinking water supply.

swajal sch

  • The Operations and management of the project will be taken care by the local villagers.
  • Besides ensuring the availability of clean drinking water to every household round the year, the project would also generate employment.
  • Under the Swajal scheme, 90% of the project cost will be taken care by the Government and the remaining 10% of the project cost will be contributed by the community.

 

 

Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) was launched by whom?

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Answer:

The National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog has launched Women Entrepreneurship Platform (WEP) on the occasion of International Women’s day (March 8, 2018).

  • The initiative is aimed at building an ecosystem for women across country to help realise their entrepreneurial aspirations, scale-up innovative initiatives and chalk-out sustainable, long-term strategies for their businesses. This will be done through an enabling network of industry collaborations, partnerships, mentors and peer-to-peer connect.
  • WEP will address bottlenecks faced by both aspiring and established women entrepreneurs by streamlining information across government and private sector schemes and initiatives with informative, interactive website as a dedicated resource and knowledge base.
  • WEP aspires to substantially increase number of women entrepreneurs to create and empower dynamic new India by opening up avenues of growth and opportunity for women entrepreneurs.
  • The WEP platform will operate within broader framework of industry collaborations and partnerships, which cut across sectors in economy.
  • It will provide unique services such as credit evaluation of women-led startups by CRISIL and potential equity investments through an Rs. 10 crore funds established by DICE Districts.

These aspirations of women entrepreneurs are manifested in three pillars on which WEP is built:

  • Ichha Shakti: Motivating aspiring entrepreneurs to start their enterprise.
  • Gyaan Shakti: Providing knowledge and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship.
  • Karma Shakti: Providing hands-on support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling up businesses.
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