70 Days WAR Plan

Day#30 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Hornbill species found in India; World Customs Organization (WCO); U.N. Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF); iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training Programme); Floating nuclear power plant (FNPP); Gilets Jaunes or Yellow Vests Movement; International Press Institute (IPI); Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS); Draft National Child Protection Policy;
By IT's Core Team
April 20, 2019




Discuss briefly about Draft National Child Protection Policy.

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

Child protection policy:

  • In the Centre’s draft national child protection policy, a code of conduct for employees of all organisations and a declaration signed by them agreeing to ensure the safety of children are some of the provisions are included.
  • The apex court had also asked the Centre to consider framing a national policy on protection of children.
  • This will be the first policy dedicated to the protection of children, an area that until now was only a part of the broader National Child Policy, 2013.


  • As per the draft, the policy will apply to “all institutions, and organisations (including corporate and media houses), government or private sector”.
  • The draft policy recommends that all organisations must have a code of conduct based on “zero tolerance of child abuse and exploitation”.
  • It requires organisations to lay down that employees don’t use language or behaviour that is “inappropriate, harassing, abusive, sexually provocative, demeaning or culturally inappropriate”.
  • Institutions should also designate a staff member to ensure that procedures are in place to ensure the protection of children as well as to report any abuse.
  • Any individual who suspects physical, sexual or emotional abuse must report it to the helpline number 1098, police or a child welfare committee.

What is not included?

  • The latest document doesn’t talk about children who may need additional special protection measures: including those affected by migration, communal or sectarian violence, children forced into begging or in conflict with the law, and those infected with HIV/AIDS.
  • It also doesn’t talk about the role of the state for ensuring the protection of child rights or addressing local grievances.
  • While it talks about organisations laying down a code of conduct, it doesn’t explain what is acceptable behaviour such as conduct of teachers in schools.




What is the objective of Eklavya Model Residential School Scheme?

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  • The objective of EMRS is to provide quality middle and high level education to Scheduled Tribe (ST) students in remote areas, not only to enable them to avail of reservation in high and professional educational courses and as jobs in government and public and private sectors but also to have access to the best opportunities in education at par with the non ST population.

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Eklavya Model Residential Schools (EMRS):

  • Eklavya Model Residential School Scheme was started in 1998 and first school was started in the year 2000 in Maharashtra.
  • EMRSs have been functioning as institutions of excellence for tribal students.
  • A total of 259 schools have been sanctioned during the last 17 years, out of which, 72 EMRS were sanctioned during last three years.
  • As per existing EMRS Guidelines of 2010, at least one EMRS is to be set up in each Integrated Tribal Development Agency (ITDA) / Integrated Tribal Development Project (ITDP) having 50% ST population in the area.
  • As per the budget 2018-19, every block with more than 50% ST population and at least 20,000 tribal persons, will have an Eklavya Model Residential School by the year 2022.
  • The capital cost for setting up the school complex, including hostels and staff quarters etc. has been earmarked at Rs. 12 crore with a provision to go up to Rs.16 crore in hill areas, deserts and islands.
  • Recurring cost during the first year for these schools would be Rs. 42000/-per child, with a provision of raising it by 10% every second year to compensate for inflation etc.

Objectives of EMRS:

This would be achieved by:

  • Comprehensive physical, mental and socially relevant development of all students enrolled in each and every EMRS. Students will be empowered to be change agent, beginning in their school, in their homes, in their village and finally in a larger context.
  • Focus differentially on the educational support to be made available to those in Standards XI and XII, and those in standards VI to X, so that their distinctive needs can be met,
  • Support the annual running expenses in a manner that offers reasonable remuneration to the staff and upkeep of the facilities.
  • Support the construction of infrastructure that provides education, physical, environmental and cultural needs of student life.




What are the functions of the International Press Institute (IPI)?

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The International Press Institute (IPI) promote the conditions that allow journalism to fulfill its public function, the most important of which is the media’s ability to operate free from interference and without fear of retaliation. Its mission is to defend media freedom and the free flow of news wherever they are threatened.

Enrich Your Learning:

The International Press Institute (IPI):

  • The International Press Institute (IPI) is a global network of editors, journalists and media executives who share a common dedication to quality, independent journalism.

Why in news?

  • According to the International Press Institute (IPI), Press freedom faced a slew of attacks around the world in 2018, as political leaders unwilling to accept scrutiny increasingly jail, prosecute or undermine the credibility of critical journalists.
  • There is a growing movement, including in countries once seen as guarantors of fundamental rights, aimed at destroying the press as an institution of democracy.
  • IPI has been compiling annual data on the killings of journalists since 1997 as part of its press freedom and safety of journalist programmes.
  • The Death Watch data for 2018 show that as many as 28 reporters and journalists were killed in targeted attacks during the year, while 11 died covering armed conflict.
  • Mexico and Afghanistan were the deadliest countries for journalists were overall, with 13 deaths each.
  • Impunity for crimes against journalists remained at a shockingly high level in 2018.
  • Investigations in a large number of cases are slow and tardy, due in many cases to a lack of political will to bring the killers and perpetrators to justice.
  • Despite a small decrease in the number of journalists killed compared to the previous year, 2018 witnessed an overall decline in the state of press freedom worldwide amid a trend of increased harassment and intimidation of journalists and attacks on independent media.




What is Gilets Jaunes or Yellow Vests Movement recently appeared in news?

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  • The Gilets jaunes or yellow vests movement is predominantly against a tax system perceived as unfair and unjust, wearing the fluorescent yellow high-vis jackets in France.

Enrich Your Learning:

Gilets jaunes (yellow vests) movement:

  • A grassroots citizens’ protest movement began in early November against a planned rise in the tax on diesel and petrol, which French President Emmanuel Macron insisted would aid the country’s transition to green energy.
  • A poll at the time found that the price of fuel had become France’s biggest talking point.
  • The movement was named “gilets jaunes” (yellow vests) because protesters wear the fluorescent yellow high-vis jackets that all motorists must by law carry in their cars.
  • But what began as a fuel tax protest has now morphed into a wider anti-government movement.
  • Unlike previous French protest movements, it sprang up online through petitions and was organised by ordinary working people posting videos on social media, without a set leader, trade union or political party behind it.

Who are the protesters?

  • Protesters have largely come from peripheral towns, cities and rural areas across France and include many women and single mothers.
  • Most of the protesters have jobs, including as secretaries, IT workers, factory workers, delivery workers and care workers.
  • All say their low incomes mean they cannot make ends meet at the end of the month.

What are their grievances?

  • The movement is predominantly against a tax system perceived as unfair and unjust, but there are numerous grievances and differences of opinion.
  • Most want to scrap the fuel taxes, hold a review of the tax system, raise the minimum wage and roll back Macron’s tax cuts for the wealthy and his pro-business economic programme.




The world’s first “floating” nuclear power plant (FNPP), Akademik Lomonosov is installed by?

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  • The world’s first “floating” nuclear power plant (FNPP), Akademik Lomonosov is installed by Rosatom, Russian state-run atomic energy corporation.

Enrich Your Learning:

Floating nuclear power plant (FNPP):

  • Akademik Lomonosov, the world’s first “floating” nuclear power plant (FNPP) for installation in remote areas, has been started and brought to 10 per cent of its capacity, Russian state-run atomic energy corporation Rosatom.
  • The power start-up is a series of functionality and safety tests conducted on Lomonosov’s reactor required to be completed before connection to the grid.
  • The FNPP was designed to make it possible to supply electricity to hard-to-reach areas, regardless of transport infrastructure, landscape, and cost of fuel delivery.
  • The reactor has the potential to work particularly well in regions with extended coastlines, power supply shortages, and limited access to electrical grids.
  • The FNPP has a capacity of 70MW and is equipped with two reactors of 35MW each.
  • According to Rosatom, an FNPP’s operational life span is 40 years, with the possibility of being extended up to 50 years.
  • Akademik Lomonosov — the first ship of this kind — was named for 18th-century Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov.
  • The nuclear floating unit is equipped with two KLT-40C reactor systems similar to those used on icebreakers.
  • The vessel is 144 metres long and 30 metres wide. It has a displacement of 21,000 tonnes.
  • After decommissioning, the unit will be towed to a special deconstruction and recycling facility.
  • No spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste will be left behind as it will be taken to the special storage facilities.
  • The FNPP will be transported to its final destination to the port of Pevek in Russia’s extreme north-eastern region of Chukotka, where it will replace the Bilibino Nuclear Power Plant and the Chaunskaya coal-fired power plant.
  • An FNPP is basically a mobile, low-capacity reactor unit operable in remote areas isolated from the main power distribution system, or in places hard to access by land. They are designed to maintain both uninterruptible power and plentiful desalinated water supply in remote areas.




Recently a Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister apprised of joint issue of postage stamps by India and South Africa. The theme was?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • Recently a Union Cabinet meeting chaired by Prime Minister apprised of joint issue of postage stamps by India and South Africa. The theme was “125th Year of Mahatma Gandhi’s Pietermaritzburg Station Incident and Birth Centenary of Nelson Mandela”.
  • The commemorative postage stamps depict images of Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela.




In the context of conservation status and habitat, give brief info about various Hornbill species found in India.

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Answer &Enrich Your Learning:

Hornbill species found in India:


  • Hornbills are large and wide-ranging birds and most species are dependent on tropical forest habitats that contain large and tall trees.
  • India has nine hornbill species, of which four are found in the Western Ghats: Indian Grey Hornbill (endemic to India), the Malabar Grey Hornbill (endemic to the Western Ghats), Malabar Pied Hornbill (endemic to India and Sri Lanka) and the widely distributed but endangered Great Hornbill.
  • India also has one species that has one of the smallest ranges of any hornbill: the Narcondam Hornbill, found only on the island of Narcondam.

Great Hornbill: Near threatened on the IUCN Red List

  • They are found in a few forest areas in the Western Ghats and in the forests along the Himalayas.
  • Their habitat is dense old growth (unlogged) forests in hilly regions.
  • They appear to be dependent on large stretches of forest.

Rufous-necked Hornbill: Vulnerable

  • This species has the northern-most extent, ranging from north-eastern India to the Mahananda Wildlife Sanctuary in West Bengal.

Wreathed Hornbill: Least Concern

  • found in forests from far north-eastern India.

Narcondam Hornbill: Endangered

  • It is endemic to the Indian island of Narcondam in the Andamans.
  • The Narcondam hornbill has the smallest home range out of all the species of Asian hornbills.

Malabar Pied Hornbill: Near Threatened

  • The Malabar pied hornbill is a common resident breeder in India and Sri Lanka. Its habitat is evergreen and moist deciduous forests, often near human settlements.

Oriental Pied Hornbill: Least Concern

  • It has the largest distribution in the genus and is found in the Indian Subcontinent and throughout Southeast Asia.
  • Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

White-throated Brown Hornbill: Near Threatened

  • found in forests from north-eastern India. In India, the best place to see this species is the Namdapha National Park, Changlang District, Arunachal Pradesh.

Malabar Grey Hornbill: Least Concern

  • The Malabar grey hornbill is a common resident breeder in the Western Ghats and associated hills of southern India.
  • They are found mainly in dense forest habitats; the thinner dry forest habitat of the plains.

Indian Grey Hornbill: Least Concern

  • The species is found mainly on the plains up to about 2000 feet.
  • It is found from the foothills of the Himalayas southwards, bounded to the west by the Indus system and to the east by the Ganges Delta.
  • It may make local movements in the drier western region.
  • It is found even in cities that have old avenue trees.
  • It is found mainly on the plains up to about 1400 metres.
  • The species has been observed in Dharamsala town (Himachal Pradesh) at about 1500 to 1600 masl during summer.




iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training Programme) is developed by?

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  • iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training Programme) is developed by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel.

Enrich Your Learning:

iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training Programme):

  • An integrated online training programme to augment the existing training mechanism for government employees was launched by Union minister for Personnel on the eve of ‘good governance day’.
  • The iGOT or Integrated Government Online Training Programme will augment the existing training mechanism with online module-based training coupled with certification.
  • The programme, developed by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT), Ministry of Personnel, will make training inputs available to a government servant on-site and on flexitime basis.
  • The initiative aims at “competent civil services for good governance”.
  • The National Training Policy-2012 mandates that all civil servants will be provided with training to equip them with the competencies for their current or future jobs.
  • The online training programme through Massive Online Open Courses mechanism would be a platform to bring together the numerous Government and other training institutions for providing a single point of access to the repository of training resources.
  • This will provide a broad training eco-system creating synergies across various premier training institutes of the country and will cater to the training needs which can encompass all the officials in the entire hierarchy of Central and State Governments.
  • This platform will ultimately build a large training eco-system.
  • The training courses under this programme will be accessible through DoPT’s web portal.
  • Among the bouquet of Training Courses on offer through this initiative are those offered by MIT, USA too.
  • DoPT has collaborated with JPAL, South Asia and MIT, USA to launch MITx Micro Master Programmes for the government servants.




U.N. Central Emergency Response Fund is used for?

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U.N. Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) is used to enable urgent and reliable humanitarian assistance to those affected by natural disasters and armed conflicts.

Enrich Your Learning:

U.N. Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF):

  • CERF is one of the fastest and most effective ways to ensure that urgently needed humanitarian assistance reaches people caught up in crises.
  • It was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 2005 as the United Nations global emergency response fund.
  • CERF enables humanitarian responders to deliver life-saving assistance whenever and wherever crises strike.
  • As an essential enabler of global humanitarian action, CERF’s Rapid Response window allows country teams to kick-start relief efforts immediately in a coordinated and prioritized response when a new crisis emerges.
  • CERF’s window for Underfunded Emergencies helps scale-up and sustain protracted relief operations to avoid critical gaps when no other funding is available.
  • The CERF Advisory Group provides policy guidance to the Secretary-General on the use and impact of the fund.
  • Since its inception, 126 UN Member States and observers, as well as regional Governments, corporate donors, foundations and individuals, made it possible for humanitarian partners to deliver over $5 billion in life-saving assistance in over 100 countries and territories.
  • In 2017, the humanitarian community encountered an alarming level of needs and humanitarian agencies reached more people than ever before.
  • CERF was quick to respond throughout the year, helping partners to kick-start relief efforts immediately when needs were revealed.
  • In 2018 CERF published the second edition of its Results report.
  • The report includes key information on people reached and presents a comprehensive overview of CERF’s achievements in a full one-year funding cycle, providing donors with a consolidated analysis of the humanitarian results enabled by their annual investment in CERF.


  • Promote early action and response to reduce loss of life;
  • Enhance response to time-critical requirements; and
  • Strengthen core elements of humanitarian response in underfunded crises,




What is the objective of the World Customs Organization (WCO)?

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  • The WCO’s primary objective is to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of member customs administrations, thereby assisting them to contribute successfully to national development goals, particularly revenue collection, national security, trade facilitation, community protection, and collection of trade statistics.

Enrich Your Learning:

World Customs Organization (WCO):

  • The World Customs Organization (WCO) is an intergovernmental organization headquartered in Brussels, Belgium.
  • The WCO represents 182 customs administrations across the globe that collectively process approximately 98 per cent of world trade.
  • Each of the six regions is represented by a regionally elected vice-chairperson to the WCO Council.
  • As the global centre of customs expertise, the WCO is the only international organisation with competence in customs matters.


  • The WCO is noted for its work in areas covering the development of international conventions, instruments, and tools on topics such as commodity classification, valuation, rules of origin, collection of customs revenue, supply chain security, international trade facilitation, customs enforcement activities, combating counterfeiting in support of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR), drugs enforcement, illegal weapons trading, integrity promotion, and delivering sustainable capacity building to assist with customs reforms and modernization.
  • The WCO maintains the international Harmonized System (HS) goods nomenclature, and administers the technical aspects of the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on Customs Valuation and Rules of Origin.

The WCO has divided its membership into six regions, namely:

  • South America, North America, Central America and the Caribbean
  • Europe
  • Far East, South and South East Asia, Australasia and the Pacific Islands
  • North of Africa, Near and Middle East
  • West and Central Africa
  • East and Southern Africa
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