Flash Cards

Day#34 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Operation Golden Victory’; Hudaydah; Sigur Plateau; Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve; Lambahraun lava field; Location of Yemen; Nuclear Command Authority (NCA);
By IASToppers
September 02, 2019

 

 

Who heads the political wing of Nuclear Command Authority of India (NCAI): Home Minister of India OR Prime Minister of India?

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Answer: Prime Minister of India heads the political wing of NCAI.

Enrich Your Learning:

Nuclear Command Authority (NCA)

  • The Nuclear Command Authority(NCA) of India is the authority which is  responsible for command, control and operational decisions regarding India’s nuclear weapons programme.
  • On January 4, 2003, the Cabinet Committee on Security(CCS) constituted the Political Council and the Executive Council of the NCA. 
  • The Executive Council gives its opinion to the Political Council, which authorises a nuclear attack when thought to be necessary. While the Executive Council is chaired by the National Security Advisor(NSA), the Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister.
  • This mechanism was implemented to ensure that Indian nukesremain firmly in civilian control and that there exists a sophisticated Command and Control (C2) mechanism to prevent nuclear weapons accidental or unauthorised use.
  • The directives of the NCA are operationalised by the Strategic Forces Commandunder the control of a Commander-in-Chief of the rank of Air Marshal or its equivalent in charge of the management and administration of the tactical and strategic nuclear forces.
  • The NCA may be seen as the first stage in the development of an effective and robust Command and Control(C2) and Indications-and-Warning (I&W) systems and infrastructure for its strategic nuclear forces.
  • India’s first Nuclear test was conducted on 18 May 1974 with the code name Smiling Buddha
  • India has conducted another series of tests at the Pokhrantest range in the state of Rajasthan in 1998, which included a thermonuclear test, code named Operation Shakti

 

 

Yemen is located between which two countries?

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Answer:

Oman and Saudi Arabia

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Yemen

Location of Yemen

  • It is located in Southwest Asia, at the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, between Oman and Saudi Arabia.
  • It is situated at the entrance of the Bab-al-Mandeb strait, which links the Red Sea to the Indian Ocean.
  • It has two major islands i.e. Perim at the southern end of Red Sea and Socotra at the entrance of the Gulf-of-Aden.
  • It borders Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the northeast.

 

 

 

Recently NASA has started its new robotic space explorer in which part of the world?

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Answer:

  • The new robotic space explorer has been started in Iceland’s Lambahraun lava field.

Enrich Your Learning:

Lambahraun lava field

  • With its black basalt sand, wind-swept dunes and craggy peaks, the Lambahraun lava field at the foot of Iceland’s second biggest glacier, Langjokull, was choosen as a stand-in for the Red Planet’s surface.
  • To prepare for the next mission to Mars in 2020, NASA has taken to the lava fields (Lambahraun) of Iceland to get its new robotic space explorer ready for the job.
  • This volcanic island in many ways resemble or reminicient of Mars.
  • It is in the middle of North Atlantic.
  • The NASA is testing a rover prototype as a part of the SAND- E (Semi-Autonomous Navigation for Detrital Environments) project.

 

 

The ‘Sigur plateau’ is part of which biosphere reserve?

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Answer:

It is a part of Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve and situated in Tamil Nadu.

Enrich Your Learning:

Sigur Plateau

  • It is a plateau in the Nilgiri Hills of Tamil Nadu and forms a part of Nigiri Biosphere Reserve.
  • It is an important wildlife corridor (for elephants and tigers) maintaining connectivity between the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats.
  • There are five major streams in the Sigur plateau, namely, the Moyar River, Sigur River, Avarahalla River, Kedarhalla River and Gundattihalla River.
  • The plateau is a low rainfall marginal land with poor soils.
  • The poor soil contributes to the dry deciduous forests in the western part of plateau while the eastern part has more scrub

Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve

  • It is an international Biosphere reserve in the Western Ghats.
  • It is declared as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2012.
  • It includes important national parks like Mudumalai, Nagarhole, Bandipur, Silent Valley, Wayanad and Sathyamagalam wildlife sanctuaries.

 

 

What is Operation Golden Victory?

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Answer:

  • It is Saudi Arabia led coalition’s attack on Yemen port Al-Hudaydah.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Operation Golden Victory’

Artboard_2

  • Originally known as the Battle of Al Hudaydah, it is a major Saudi-Arab led coalition’s attack on, since June 2019, the port city Al Hudaydah in Yemen.
  • It is the biggest battle of the three-year war in Yemen.
  • It is spearheaded by the UAE and Saudi Arabia and is the largest battle since Saudi Arabia intervened in Yemen in 2015.
  • Its main aim is to dislodge Houthi forces from the port and to capture the city of Al Hudaydah.
  • The port of Al Hudaydah is the way through which funds, weapons and ballistic missiles reach to Houthi forces.
  • This battle was started after Yemini government and Saudi coalition put forward many calls before the UN to take over the port, supervise its operations and force out the Houthi militias.

Hudaydah

  • It’s a port city located on the western coast of Yemen on Red Sea.
  • The second biggest port in Yemen after the Aden Port.
  • It is also the major passage to the capital of Sanaa.
  • With a population of 600,000, it is the third most populated city in Yemen.
  • It is considered a hub for business and industrial activities.

Significance of capturing Hudaydah

  • The port city is the main command headquarters of the Houthis on the western coast of Yemen.
  • It contains many important military and security installations and it is the main gateway where Houthis smuggle weapons.
  • Iran has provided weapons to Hudaydah through this port, through a line extending from the Iranian port Bandar Abbas.
  • It is the last major coastal area under the control of the Houthi militias.
  • By losing strategic port of Hudaydah, the Houthis will be confined to closed, landlocked areas which may drive them return to negotiations.
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