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70 Days WAR Plan

Day#35 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019; Web - Wonder Women Campaign; International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT); Mercer Subglacial Lake; 106th Session of Indian Science Congress; Umbrella Scheme for Family Welfare and Other Health Interventions; ‘Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS); 'One Family, One Job' scheme; Carnot Prize; Command & Control Centre (CCC) and Centre of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence;
By IT's Core Team
April 25, 2019

 

 

 

Command & Control Centre (CCC) and Centre of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence are recently inaugurated at?

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Answer:

Command & Control Centre (CCC) and Centre of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence are inaugurated at National Informatics Centre (NIC).

Enrich Your Learning:

  • Minister for Electronics & IT and Law and Justice inaugurated NIC’s Command & Control Centre (CCC) and Centre of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence by NIC, at National Informatics Centre (NIC).
  • Institutions like NIC should not only serve government but also guide private sector in applying artificial intelligence to improve consumer centric services.

National Informatics Centre’s Command & Control Centre (CCC)

  • NIC has been offering Data Centre and Cloud services to the Government. Currently, it has 4 National Data Centres and 30 Mini Data Centres across the country hosting over 10,000 e-Governance applications.
  • Majority of critical applications of the Government are hosted at these locations and the volume and nature of these critical online services have evolved and grown considerably.
  • A need was felt to set up a specialized facility with a nationwide view of ICT infrastructure for effective monitoring and management of the performance & availability of all these critical services.
  • With this aim, NIC has set up the Command and Control Centre, making it first of its kind in the Government which will increase the agility of NIC’s nationwide ICT infrastructure.
  • In addition to this infra monitoring setup, NIC is also in the process of having a centralized monitoring of critical websites hosted on cloud.
  • Additionally, for large critical projects, NIC is proposing to provide users with a customized dashboard where they can monitor resources and availability of their applications.
  • Applications like – eOffice, eHospital, Beneficiary Identification System under Ayushman Bharat are already on-board on this dashboard.

Center of Excellence in Artificial Intelligence (CoE in AI) by National Informatics Centre:

  • CoE in AI by NIC has been established with the motto of ‘Inclusive AI’ for responsive governance, to work towards improving Govt. service delivery to citizens.
  • This CoE in AI will be a platform for innovative new solutions in AI space, a gateway to test and develop solutions for projects undertaken by NIC at central and state level.
  • CoE in AI is designed to promote innovation in application of AI to take e-Governance services to the next level.
  • It will also provide Capacity Building & Institutionalizing AI in Ministries / Departments / Organizations.
  • COE in AI@NIC is to facilitate State of the Art technology support with Supercomputing facilities for prototyping in the fields of Image & Video Analytics, Speech Synthesis & Recognition and Natural Language Processing.
  • This newly established centre will focus on the areas of Machine Learning, NLP & AI in Text, Image Recognition, Speech Recognition & Synthesis, Deep Learning and Chatbot / Voicebots.

NIC has done a few Proofs of Concepts (PoCs) in image analytics as in Swachh Bharat Urban, numeric modeling as in power, text classification and summarisation etc. which will find an echo in similar use cases in other ministries and departments.

 

 

 

In which sector, the Carnot Prize is intended to honour the leading revolutions?

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Answer:

The Carnot Prize is intended to honour the leading revolutions in energy policy.

Enrich Your Learning:

Carnot Prize:

 

  • The Kleinman Center for Energy Policy at the University of Pennsylvania School of Design formally presented the fourth annual Carnot Prize to former Minister of Power, Coal, New & Renewable Energy and Mines, Government of India, at Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi.
  • The award recognises the path breaking transformations in India’s energy sector under the visionary leadership of recent Prime Minister.
  • The efforts of Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas, and Skill Development & Entrepreneurship, and Minister for Power, and New and Renewable Energy will further bolster India’s commitment towards mitigating climate change and provide energy security to the 125 crore people of the nation.
  • It is both a personal honour as well as a tribute to the efforts of all involved in this great work throughout India to be recognised with the Carnot Prize by the University of Pennsylvania.
  • Additionally, the award money, which will be receive as part of the 2018 Carnot Prize, will be donated to the International Solar Alliance to institute the Diwakar Award.
  • The Diwakar award will recognise, every year, an outstanding organisation that has been working for special children and maximising the use of solar energy.
  • The Carnot Prize is the Kleinman Centre’s annual recognition of distinguished contributions to energy policy through scholarship or practice.
  • The most prestigious award in the energy sector, Carnot Prize is named after French physicist Nicolas Sadi Carnot who recognised that the power of the steam engine would “produce a great revolution” in human development.
  • The Carnot Prize is intended to honour those leading revolutions in energy policy to further progress and prosperity.
  • The 2018 Carnot Prize is a recognition of India’s efforts towards eliminating energy poverty with sustainable energy solutions.
  • The rural electrification drive helped in achieving ‘24×7 Affordable, Environment Friendly Power for all’, as India eliminated decades of darkness in more than 19,000 villages on 28th April, 2018.
  • With the Saubhagya Programme, the last-mile connectivity to every household in the villages is being fast tracked.
  • The Carnot Prize recognises India’s “solid footing to reach a 40% renewable mix by 2030” (Kleinman Center for Energy Policy).
  • In the last four years, energy efficiency has become a people’s movement in India, making the Government’s UJALA scheme the world’s largest LED distribution programme.
  • Along with private sector participation, 143 crore LED bulbs have been provided.

 

 

 

Recently, which state has initiated ‘One Family, One Job’ scheme?

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Answer:

  • Sikkim has initiated ‘One Family, One Job’ scheme.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘One Family, One Job’ scheme:

  • The scheme envisions employment to a member of every family which does not have a government job in the state.
  • Under this scheme, all loan debts in the farming and agriculture sector would be revoked.
  • At present recruitments are being made for Group C and Group D posts in 12 government departments.
  • Sikkim has become the first state in the country to carry out such an exclusive programme for the people who would now be entitled to state government employee benefits.

 

 

 

Which Ministry has implemented a scheme titled ‘Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)?

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Answer:

  • Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has implemented a scheme titled ‘Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS).

Enrich Your Learning:

Regional Conference on “Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS):

  • Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities implements a scheme titled ‘Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS).
  • A Regional Conference for the scheme was organized in January, 2019 at Nehru Centre, Mumbai covering Programme Implementing Agencies (PIAs) from the Western Region of the country.
  • This is the second of a series of Regional Conferences to be held across the country and the exercise will culminate in a National Conference in New Delhi.
  • NGOs, State Government representatives from four Western States, namely, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Goa were present at the conference.
  • Under DDRS, Grant-in-Aid is released to about 600 NGOs every year.
  • About 10% of total NGOs under DDRS, 10% of total grant and 10% of Special School for Children with Intellectual Disabilities are from Western Indian States.
  • Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS) is a Central Sector Scheme of Government of India which is being implemented since 1999 for providing financial assistance to NGOs working for education and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.
  • This scheme was revised in 2018.
  • This Regional Conference was organized in order to disseminate the provisions of the revised scheme and bring the Department closer to implementing agencies.
  • This conference provided a wonderful opportunity for interactions with all stakeholders from Central Government to implementing agencies.
  • An in-depth understanding of scheme would enable better outreach in terms of better facilities to end beneficiaries, i.e. persons with disabilities.
  • Described NGOs of DDRS as partners in the mission of empowerment of persons with disabilities and highlighted the need for creation of inclusive society that accepts and respects persons with disabilities without discrimination.
  • The new Act on disability promulgated by Govt. of India shall ensure rights of the persons with disabilities in the society.
  • of Maharashtra is making the rules under RPwD Act 2016 for its effective implementation in the State.
  • The conference was an effective step towards good governance where the functionaries of the Central Govt. Ministries are reaching various parts of the country for creating awareness among the public.
  • It leads to the ultimate objective towards ensuring welfare of Divyangjan and the dignity they deserve.

 

 

 

Recently, the Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has given its approval for continuation of five schemes under the “Umbrella Scheme for Family Welfare and Other Health Interventions” during the Fourteenth Finance Commission period 2017-18 to 2019-20. Which are those schemes?

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Answer:

  • Swastha Nagrik Abhiyan (SNA): For dissemination of information on health issues to create awareness among citizens of India of ail age/sex/locations and appropriately influence their health seeking behaviour to encourage healthy lifestyles and empower the citizens.
  • Free Supply of Contraceptives: For providing free supply of contraceptives including condoms, Oral Contraceptive Pills, Pregnancy Test Kits, other contraceptives, etc. to States with a view to improve Maternal and Child Health and achieving population stabilization.
  • MIS Scheme now proposed as Health Surveys and Health Research (HSHR): For sourcing of data on population, health and nutrition for India and its States including through periodically conducted National Family Health Survey, which is one of the largest surveys of its kind worldwide. The NFHS provides valuable data for policy and programmes right up to the district level.
  • Social Marketing of Contraceptives: For branding, attractively packaging, marketing arid selling of products and services related to Family Planning for low-income groups at affordable prices.
  • Population Research Centres (PRCs): For third party evaluation of the scheme on PRCs and specially of those centres which are being considered for continuation will be carried out.

Enrich Your Learning:

Umbrella Scheme for Family Welfare and Other Health Interventions:

  • Components of, Social Marketing of Contraceptives, Free Supply of Contraceptives are specifically targeted towards low income group people. However, the overall scheme is not restricted to any particular group or category and has a mandate to cover the population throughout India.
  • The five schemes listed in the proposal are crucial to attaining the goals and objectives laid out in National Health Policy (NHP) 2017, and international commitments in the form of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The SNA scheme has a very ambitious target of improving health seeking behaviour of the population through increased awareness and enhanced uptake of health services.
  • The other components as HSHR would assist in keeping a tab on the progress of entire set of health programmes/schemes run by Government of India, assisting in timely course corrections.
  • The free and social marketing of contraceptives will enable better child and mother health, besides population stabilisation.
  • The target is to support the key goals of the National Health Policy 2017 and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to which India is a signatory.
  • The attempt through Media / IEC outreach is to move from care for sickness to the concept of wellness by using 360-degree approach in conventional and social media.
  • The target of the free distribution and social marketing of contraceptives is to improve the Modern Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (m-CPR), help Family Planning and reach population stabilization.
  • The target for NFHS is to provide reliable data on all health indicators.
  • All the five schemes are Central Sector Schemes with 100% funding from Central Government.

 

 

 

What was the theme of the 106th Session of Indian Science Congress?

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Solution:

  • The 106th edition of ISC-2019 was based on the theme ‘Future India: Science and Technology.

Enrich Your Learning:

106th Session of Indian Science Congress:

  • The 106th session of Indian Science Congress (ISC), 2019 concluded in Lovely Professional University, Jalandhar.
  • During five days, significant lectures from three Nobel Laureates; 20 Plenary Sessions & several sectional symposia with top authorities from DRDO, ISRO, DST, ICAR, CSIR, ICMR, AICTE, NAAC, UGC, ISCA, the USA, UK Universities, were attended by nearly 30,000 participants.
  • An exhibition ‘Pride of India’ was also held during the event wherein 150 organisations including DRDO, DST, Min/o Earth Sciences, CSIR, ICAR, ICMR, NPCIL, and various other scientific departments and universities participated.
  • The major attractions of the exhibition were the replicas of Akash Missiles, Brahmos missiles, GSLV-MK III, Astrosat satellite, INSAT-4A, IRNSS Satellite.
  • The major attractions were the 55-feet, 25-ton massive robot ‘Metal Magna’ installed at the entrance gate. A giant microscope and a trainer plane were also displayed.
  • During the ISC, a solar-powered driverless bus designed and created by the students of Lovely Professional University was also inaugurated.
  • A Time capsule with items representing today’s technology and India’s scientific prowess was buried to be opened after 100 years.
  • The event played a vital role in stimulating scientific research effort and raising the scientific temperament in the country and the world.
  • During concluding ceremony, 37 awardees in the categories of Young Scientists, Best Poster presentation and Pride of India-Science Exhibition were honoured.
  • 106th edition of ISC provided the best platform to exchange ideas and innovations among scientists gathered from across the world.

 

 

 

Mercer Subglacial Lake is in Arctic region. Right or Wrong?

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Answer:

  • Wrong

Right Statement:

  • Mercer Subglacial Lake is in the Antarctic region.

Enrich Your Learning:

In search for life beneath Antarctic ice sheet:

  • An international team of scientists will begin the new year hunting for microbes and other living specimens in an unexplored lake far beneath the surface of the Antarctic ice sheet.
  • Led by polar scientist John Priscu of Montana State University in the US, a team of 45 scientists, drillers and support staff will drill 4,000 feet to the bottom of the ice sheet that covers Mercer Subglacial Lake about 370 miles from the South Pole.
  • The lake, which measures nearly 62 square miles, was discovered more than a decade ago through satellite images but has never before been explored.
  • The expedition, known as SALSA (Subglacial Antarctic Lakes Scientific Access), hopes to shed light on what kind of life can survive in such remote regions and serve as an on-Earth comparison for habitats deep inside Mars or on the ice-covered moons of Jupiter and Saturn.
  • While Mercer will be the second subglacial lake that humans have sampled directly, it will be the first time scientists will use a remote vehicle to roam beneath the ice sheet, which leads the scientists to wonder if the submersible’s three video cameras might capture images of animals that live in the dark water.
  • This is the second such expedition for Priscu.
  • In 2013, he and other MSU researchers published the discovery of microscopic life in Subglacial Lake Whillans in the journal Nature and received worldwide attention.

 

 

 

What is the function of International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT)?

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Answer:

ICRISAT conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa to empower the poor people to overcome poverty, hunger and a degraded environment through better agriculture.

Enrich Your Learning:

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid-Tropics (ICRISAT):

  • The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Covering 6.5 million square kilometers of land in 55 countries, the semi-arid or dryland tropics has over 2 billion people, and 644 million of these are the poorest of the poor.
  • ICRISAT and its partners help empower these poor people to overcome poverty, hunger and a degraded environment through better agriculture.
  • ICRISAT is headquartered in Hyderabad, Telangana State, in India, with two regional hubs (Nairobi, Kenya and Bamako, Mali) and country offices in Niger, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Ethiopia and Mozambique.
  • ICRISAT conducts research on five highly nutritious drought-tolerant crops: chickpea, pigeon pea, pearl millet, sorghum, and groundnut.

Vision:

  • ICRISAT envisions prosperous, food-secure and resilient dryland tropics.
  • To achieve this, its mission is to reduce poverty, hunger, malnutrition and environmental degradation in the dryland tropics.
  • It approaches this through partnership-based international agricultural research for development that embodies Science with a Human Face.
  • ICRISAT has defined six developmental outcomes that it believes will help the poor to move along the IMOD path:
  • Food sufficiency, intensification, diversification, resilience and health & nutrition, and women empowerment.
  • Significant reductions in poverty and increases in food security in the dryland tropics are possible through this route.

Why in news?

  • In a first, the largest agriculture associations in Africa and Asia met in January, 2019, in Hyderabad to sign an agreement for diversifying major food staples.
  • The Smart Food Executive Council has been formed under the aegis of the Smart Food Initiative that was launched in 2013 and stemmed from the strategic thinking around the need for food that fulfils the criteria of being good for the consumer, good for the planet and good for the farmer.
  • A major objective under the initiative is to diversify staples which can have the strongest impact on nutrition, the environment and farmer welfare.
  • Given that staples may typically constitute 70 per cent of a meal and are often eaten three times a day, diversifying them can have a pronounced impact on overcoming malnutrition and poverty and coping with climate change and environmental degradation.

 

 

 

 

What is the aim of the Web – Wonder Women Campaign?

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Answer:

  • The Web – Wonder Women Campaign aims to discover and celebrate the exceptional achievements of women, who have been driving positive agenda of social change via social media.

Enrich Your Learning:

Web – Wonder Women Campaign:

  • The Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, has launched an online campaign, ‘#www: Web Wonder Women’.
  • Through the campaign, the Ministry and the Campaign’s Partners aim to recognize the fortitude of Indian women stalwarts from across the globe who have used the power of social media to run positive & niche campaigns to steer a change in society.
  • This Campaign will recognize and acknowledge the efforts of these meritorious Women.
  • Indian women have always been enterprising and have created a positive impact on society with their hard-work, experience and knowledge.
  • Women online, though niche, are a very powerful voice.
  • #www: Web Wonder Women is a campaign to specially honour and encourage such voices that have in their own capacity driven a positive impact on social media platforms.
  • The Ministry is glad to partner with Breakthrough and Twitter India on this.
  • The Campaign Invites Entries via Nominations from across the world, as per the laid out criteria.
  • Indian-origin women, working or settled anywhere in the world, are eligible for nomination.
  • The shortlisted entries will be open for public voting on Twitter and the finalists will be selected by a specialized panel of judges.
  • Nominations have been invited in a large number of categories including Health, Media, Literature, Art, Sports, Environmental protection, fashion among others.

 

 

 

The 2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019 was organized by?

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Answer:

 The 2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019 was organized by the Central Council for Research in Homeopathy, under the Ministry of AYUSH.

Enrich Your Learning:

2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019:

  • Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for AYUSH inaugurated the 2nd World Integrated Medicine Forum 2019 on the ‘Regulation of Homeopathic Medical Products; Advancing global collaboration’ being organized in Goa.
  • The organizers of the forum are the Central Council for Research in Homeopathy, under the Ministry of AYUSH.
  • International drug regulators dealing with homeopathic/traditional medicines from various countries like France, Switzerland, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Russia, Brazil, Cuba, South Africa, United Arab Emirates, Thailand, Malaysia, Oman, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Nepal, etc. are expected to participate.
  • The themes of the forum are: Regulatory collaborations, converging on minimum regulatory & legal standards, advancing safety and quality standards, Regulatory trend towards standardization and minimizing complexity, Recognizing homeopathy as distinct holistic medical system and Veterinary homeopathy.
  • The regulation of homeopathic medicinal products is highly variable worldwide, ranging at a national level from highly advanced to none whatsoever.
  • The potential benefits of regulatory collaboration and harmonization for patients and global markets are significant, but supranational collaboration is advancing only slowly due to highly disparate national situations.
  • There is a tension between different regulatory needs: on the one hand there is a need for standardization, harmonization and reducing complexity; on the other hand, there is need for a pluralistic regulatory system, which respects the specific characteristics of homeopathy as a holistic, patient-centred medical system.
  • The forum will explore and illustrate the potential benefits and pitfalls of bi-lateral/multilateral collaboration and advance global cooperation on a synergistic basis.
  • The increasing demand for homeopathic products by patients and health care providers worldwide needs to be underpinned by appropriate regulatory frameworks which respect the national context as well as benefit from experiences and collaboration at an international level.

Key stakeholders and opinion leaders who will be attending the event are:

  • Regulators from all over the world,
  • Homeopathic pharmaceutical companies worldwide,
  • Pharmacopoeia Committee delegates from various countries,
  • Scientific experts with relevant expertise and Presidents of major homeopathic doctor organizations.
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