Flash Cards

Day#35 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Operation Save Kurma; Difference Between Tortoise and Turtle; ‘Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha’; Cher Chera festival; Advance Knowledge & RUral Technology Implementation (AKRUTI); Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs);
By IASToppers
September 03, 2019



Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) is a conservation programme of which international organization?

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BirdLife International.

Enrich Your Learning:

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs):

  • IBAs concept is the brain child of BirldLife International, a global partnership of conservation organisation (NGOS) that strives to conserve birds, their habitats and global biodiversity working with people towards sustainability in the use of natural resources.
  • BirdLife aims to identify, protect and manage a network of sites that are significant for the long-term viability of naturally occurring bird populations.
  • The conservation of Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas ensures the survival of a correspondingly large number of other animals and plants.
  • Initially, IBAs were identified only for terrestrial and freshwater environments but over the past decade, the IBA has been adapted and applied in the marine realm also.
  • BirdLife Partners have, to date,  identified and documented more than 12,000 sites in over 200 countries and territories worldwide, as well as is the  marine environment.
  • IBAs can show where current protected-area systems miss key species, and how these gaps can be plugged.
  • In several countries, IBAs are formally recognised in national legislation as sites of particular importance 
  • The Integrated Biodiversity Assessment Tool (IBAT), a global platform of biodiversity information available for scientists, conservationists and business users, provides information on IBAs and other critical habitats to support decision-making at all levels.
  • IBAs often contribute to the livelihoods and wellbeing of local people. The traditional land management practices of communities that use IBAs may help maintain the habitats needed for wildlife conservation.

Important Bird and Biodiversity Areas (IBAs) are:

  • Places of international significance for the conservation of birds and other biodiversity.
  • Recognized world-wide as practical tools for conservation.
  • Distinct areas amenable to practical conservation action.
  • Identified using robust, standardized criteria.
  • Sites that together form part of a wider integrated approach to the conservation and sustainable use of the natural environment.

Key Facts

  • Currently, only about 40% of all IBAs receive some form of protection.



The ‘AKRUTI’, an intuitive of Department of Atomic Energy, is formulated by which institution?

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Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).

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Advance Knowledge & RUral Technology Implementation (AKRUTI)

  • AKRUTI is an acronym for Advanced Knowledge and Rural Technology Implementation initiative.
  • Department of Atomic Energy has launched DAE- Societal Initiative for utilization of Non-Power Applications (NPAs) and spin off technologies in the area of water, agriculture, food processing and agri-land improvement through urban and rural waste management.
  • Within this framework, the structured programme called ‘AKRUTI-KRUTIK-FORCE’ has been formulated by the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
  • Since the inception of this programme, it is popularly known as AKRUTI programme.
  • It is implemented through technically oriented NGOs for techno-economic growth of the rural sector, as one of the many schemes experienced for large scale deployment of BARC technologies as the 4th key driver of major programmes of department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and vision of NITI Aayog for social outreach and awareness.
  • This programme has potential to encourage village techno-preneurship based on BARC technologies.
  • AKRUTI nodes through NGOS have demonstrated the usefulness of BARC technologies for rural sector leading to societal benefit.



What is ‘Cher Chera’ festival and is celebrated in which Indian state?

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  • It is a harvest festival and celebrate in Chhattisgarh.

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Cher Chera festival

  • The local tribals of Bastar, which is in the Chhota Nagpur region of Chhattisgarh, celebrate the Sankranti Festival as Cher Chera festival and is dedicated to the reaping of paddy.
  • The Cher Chera is observed on the full moon day in Paush month i.e. December-January.
  • In some parts, it is also called the Cherta festival, Cherta meaning “to give, to part with.”
  • As a part of the festival the oxen are washed, decorated and paraded with tilak on their forehead.
  • The oxen are also offered the fresh food in appreciation of their contribution to the harvest.
  • The other highlight of the festival is cher chera melodious folk songs.



The language propagating institution ‘Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha’ was started by which India leader?

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  • It was established and started by Mahatma Gandhi.

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‘Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha’

  • Established by the Mahatma Gandhi in the year 1918 at Madras with the sole aim of propagating Hindi in southern states and uniting the Northen region of India with southern part.
  • This sabha was inaugurated by Annie Besant on 17 June 1918.
  • Hindi Prachar’ was a movement that emerged as part of Freedom Movement and the leaders who led the nation to ‘Free India’ felt the necessity of making a single Indian language the National Language.
  • through the language the idea was to unify the people and intensify the national integration.
  • In 1927, the Dakshina Bharat Hindi Prachar Sabha became an independent organization and Mahatma Gandhi became its president till his death. He was the lifetime president of the institution.
  • The headquarter of this organization is located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu.
  • In 1964 the institution was recognised by the Indian government as one of the Institutes of National Importance.



The ‘Save Kurma’ is a popular conservation effort towards which reptile?

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Gangetic and other Indian Turtles

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Operation Save Kurma:

  • It was conducted to combat the proliferating illegal trade in live turtles and its parts, from the India to the destination abroad.
  • It is conducted by Wildlife Control Bureau (WCCB).
  • A species specific operation on turtles.
  • It was conducted from December 15, 2016 to January 30, 2017 and approximately 16,000 live turtles were seized and released into the wild.
  • The operation was also aimed to invite attention of the enforcement agencies towards such illegal trade.
  • The WCCB worked in close coordination with regional law enforcement agencies.
  • The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) awarded India with the certificate of commendation for its ‘operation save kurma’.


  • It is a revered animal in Hindu mythology.
  • Kurma Avatar is the second of the ten Avatars that Lord Vishnu assumed.
  • The government has earmarked a turtle conservation sanctuary, near Allahabad to save these Gangetic reptiles, endemic to riverine ecosystem of the Ganga river.

Difference Between Tortoise and Turtle

  • Tortoise are land dwelling shelled reptiles while turtles are the aquatic reptiles. The turtle comes to the shore to lay eggs.
  • Both are collectively referred as ‘kurma’.

Operation Thunderbird

  • It is code name of INTERPOL’s (International Criminal Police Organization) multi-national and multi species enforcement operation for wildlife protection.
  • It was fight against wildlife crime in the country.
  • Conducted between January 2017 to February 2017.
  • It was focused on illegal trade in species such as Tigers and other Asian big cats, Bears, Pangolins, reptiles, Red Sanders, Sea-cucumber and Sea-horses.

Wildlife Control Bureau

  • WCCB is statutory multi-disciplinary body under the Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) to combat organized wildlife crime in the country.
  • It was established in June 2007 by amending the Wildlife (Protection) Act (WLPA), 1972, a special Act to protect the wildlife and fauna in the country.
  • It is headquartered in New Delhi and has five regional offices at Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai and Jabalpur; three sub-regional offices at Amritsar, Guwahati, and Cochin; and five borders.
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