Quiz-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-36
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#36 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

‘Panda Bond’; Sepahijala Zoo and Wildlife Sanctuary; Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA); Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958; Four Stage warnings on the occurrence of cyclone; Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs); Mobilise Your City (MYC) initiative; Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities; Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana; Street Light National Programme (SLNP);
By IT's Core Team
April 26, 2019

 

 

 

Which agency is the implementing agency for Street Light National Programme (SLNP)?

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Answer:

Energy Efficiency Services Limited is the implementing agency for Street Light National Programme (SLNP).

Enrich Your Learning:

Street Light National Programme:

  • Street Light National Programme is an initiative of the Government to promote energy efficiency in the country.
  • Government aims to replace 3.5 crore conventional street lights with energy efficient LED lights.
  • This would result in annual energy saving of 900 crore units and the total cost savings of municipalities every year will be Rs 5,500 crore.
  • Energy Efficiency Services Limited, a Public Energy Services Company under the administration of Ministry of Power, Government of India (GoI) is the implementing agency for SLNP.
  • The National Programme has been launched on 5th January 2015 to convert conventional street and domestic lights with energy efficient LED lights.
  • By 2019, SLNP aims to replace all the 1.34 crore conventional street lights in India. This ambitious goal will make a tremendous difference, enabling peak demand reduction of 500 MW, annual energy savings of 190 crore kWh, and reduction in 15 lakh tons of CO2.

Objective:

  • Mitigate climate change by implementing energy efficient LED based street lighting
  • Reduce energy consumption in lighting which helps DISCOMs to manage peak demand
  • Provide a sustainable service model that obviates the need for upfront capital investment as well as additional revenue expenditure to pay for procurement of LED lights
  • Enhance municipal services at no upfront capital cost of municipalities

About EESL Service Model:

  • EESL replaces the conventional street lights with LEDs at its own costs and consequent reduction in energy and maintenance cost of the municipality is used to repay EESL over a period of time.
  • The contracts that EESL enters into with Municipalities are typically of 7 years’ duration where it not only guarantees a minimum energy saving but also provides free replacements and maintenance of lights at no additional costs to the municipalities.
  • The service model enables the municipalities to go in for the state of the art street light with no upfront capital cost and repayments to EESL are within the present level of expenditure.
  • Thus, there is no additional revenue expenditure required to be incurred by the municipality for change over to smart and energy efficient LED street lights.

 

 

 

Recently Madhya Pradesh has launched the Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana (ASKP) for farmers. Right or Wrong?

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Answer:

  • Wrong

Right Statement:

  • The Maharashtra government has launched the Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana (ASKP) for farmers.

Enrich Your Learning:

Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana:

  • To encourage farmers to use solar agriculture pumps, the Maharashtra government has decided to give two LED bulbs, a DC fan and a mobile charging socket as freebies.
  • The State has launched the Atal Solar Krishi Pump Yojana (ASKP) for farmers with a subsidy of up to 95 per cent on solar pumpsets. The State plans to install one lakh solar pumps.
  • Farmers with less than five acres will have to pay 5 per cent of the cost of a 3 HP solar pump while farmers with more than five acres will get a 5 HP solar pump and the sops.
  • State officials said the scheme would be beneficial to farmers who reside in remote areas where the agricultural feeder is not possible.
  • The Maharashtra State Electricity Distribution Co Ltd (Msedcl) is the implementing agency.

Project Objectives:

  • Day time power availability for agriculture pumping
  • Decoupling irrigation sector from power subsidy burden
  • Minimizing cross subsidy burden on Commercial & Industrial electricity consumers
  • Replacement of Diesel pumps to reduce pollution

Beneficiary Selection Criteria:

  • Farmers having farmland with assured source of water are eligible. However, Farmers having conventional Electricity connection shall not get benefit of Solar AG Pump from this scheme.
  • Farmers from Area which are not electrified through conventional source of energy (i.e. by MSEDCL)
  • Farmers from Remote & Tribal area

 

 

 

Which two countries had signed the Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities?

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Answer:

  • Pakistan and India had signed the Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities.

Enrich Your Learning:

Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks against Nuclear Installations and Facilities between Pakistan and India:

  • Pakistan shared with India a list of its nuclear installations and facilities as per the provisions of a bilateral agreement.
  • The list was handed over in accordance with Article-II of the Agreement on Prohibition of Attacks Against Nuclear Installations and Facilities between Pakistan and India, signed on December 31, 1988,
  • The agreement, which was signed on December 31, 1988 and entered into force on January 27, 1991, provides, inter alia, that the two countries inform each other of nuclear installations and facilities to be covered under the agreement on the first of January of every calendar year. This has been done consecutively since January 1, 1992.
  • The practice of exchanging lists of nuclear installation has endured despite many low in bilateral ties.

 

 

 

What is the aim of the Mobilise Your City (MYC) initiative?

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Solution:

  • Mobilise Your City aims to assist cities in their efforts to cut at least 50% of their urban transport-related emissions by 2050 compared to business as usual.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mobilise Your City (MYC) initiative:

  • India and France have signed an implementation agreement on “MOBILISE YOUR CITY” (MYC).
  • Mobilise Your City (MYC) is part of an international initiative which is supported by the French and the German Governments and was launched at 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) meeting in December, 2015.
  • Based on a proposal made by Agence Française de Développement (AfD) in 2015, the European Union has agreed to provide funds of Euro 3.5 million through the AFD to contribute to specific investments and technical assistance components within the Mobilise Your City (MYC) programme in India.
  • Mobilise Your City supports local and national governments in developing and emerging countries to plan sustainable urban mobility in order to develop more inclusive, liveable and economically efficient cities and reduce GHG emissions.
  • The MYC aims at supporting three pilot cities viz. Nagpur, Kochi and Ahmedabad in their efforts to reduce their Green House Gas (GHG) emissions related to urban transport by implementing urban mobility plans at local level and to help India at national level to improve their sustainable transport policy.
  • The three pilot cities selected under the programme as well as MoHUA will benefit from the Technical Assistance activities.

Objectives:

  • At least 100 cities commit to elaborate and implement a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan by 2020.
  • Cities involved commit to 50 to 75% reduction in urban transport-related GHG emissions by 2050.
  • At least 20 developing or emerging countries commit to elaborate and implement a National Urban Mobility Policy (NUMP) that includes institutional strengthening and robust financing schemes to promote sustainable urban mobility.

The main components of the proposed assistance are:

  • To support planning and implementation of sustainable urban transport projects,
  • Support to strengthening institutional capacity for regulating, steering and planning urban mobility, and
  • Learning and exchange formats with other cities across India for exchanges on best practices.

The details of the project activities will be worked out by AFD in consultation with MoHUA and the three partner cities including institutions such as the respective Special Purpose Vehicles (SPVs) for Smart Cities, the Municipal Corporations and any transport authority or transport related SPV.

 

 

 

The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme is a joint initiative by the Union Ministry of Women & Child Development and which other Ministry?

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Solution:

The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme is a joint initiative by the Union Ministry of Women & Child Development and the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mahila Police Volunteers (MPVs):

  • The Mahila Police Volunteer scheme announced by Women and Child Development Ministry launched in Karnal, Haryana in 2016.
  • Originally conceived by the Union Ministry of Women & Child Development, Mahila Police Volunteer is a joint initiative with the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
  • Haryana inducted the first batch of 1000 Mahila Police Volunteers.
  • These volunteers have already been trained by the state State Police Authorities on their role and responsibility.
  • It envisages creation of a link between the police authorities and the local communities in villages through police volunteers who will be women specially trained for this purpose.
  • Under the scheme, the Mahila Police volunteer is required to mobilize community to form Mahila and Shishu Rakshak Dals (MASRD) to act as community watch groups.
  • The aim is to have a gender responsive police service with increased presence of female personnel within the police force and in community outreach.
  • The gap between Police and Civil society will be bridged by Mahila Police Volunteers initiative.
  • A Mahila Police Volunteer will serve as a public-police interface in order to fight crime against women.
  • She will be tasked with reporting incidences of violence against women such as domestic violence, child marriage, dowry harassment and violence faced by women in public spaces.

 

 

 

Define the four Stage warnings issued by Government officials on the occurrence of cyclone.

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Solution:

  • Four Stage warnings are issued by Government officials on the occurrence of cyclone.

Enrich Your Learning:

Four Stage Cyclone Warnings:

  • The cyclone warnings are issued to state government officials in four stages.

First Stage: PRE CYCLONE WATCH

  • It is issued 72 hours in advance contains early warning about the development of a cyclonic disturbance in the north Indian Ocean, its likely intensification into a tropical cyclone and the coastal belt likely to experience adverse weather.
  • This early warning bulletin is issued by the Director General of Meteorology himself and is addressed to the Cabinet Secretary and other senior officers of the Government of India including the Chief Secretaries of concerned maritime states.

Second Stage: CYCLONE ALERT

  • It is issued at least 48 hrs. in advance of the expected commencement of adverse weather over the coastal areas.
  • It contains information on the location and intensity of the storm likely direction of its movement, intensification, coastal districts likely to experience adverse weather and advice to fishermen, general public, media and disaster managers.
  • This is issued by the concerned ACWCs/CWCs and CWD at HQ.

Third Stage: CYCLONE WARNING

  • It is issued at least 24 hours in advance of the expected commencement of adverse weather over the coastal areas.
  • Landfall point is forecast at this stage.
  • These warnings are issued by ACWCs/CWCs/and CWD at HQ at 3 hourly interval giving the latest position of cyclone and its intensity, likely point and time of landfall, associated heavy rainfall, strong wind and storm surge along with their impact and advice to general public, media, fishermen and disaster managers.

Fourth Stage: POST LANDFALL OUTLOOK

  • It is issued by the concerned ACWCs/CWCs/and CWD at HQ at least 12 hours in advance of expected time of landfall.
  • It gives likely direction of movement of the cyclone after its landfall and adverse weather likely to be experienced in the interior areas.

Key Facts:

  • The Department also issues “Fleet Forecast” for Indian Navy, Coastal Bulletins for Indian coastal areas covering up to 75 km from the coast line and sea area bulletins for the sea areas beyond 75 km.
  • The special warnings are issued for fishermen four times a day in normal weather and every three hourly in accordance with the four stage warning in case of disturbed weather.
  • The general public, the coastal residents and fishermen are warned through State Government officials and broadcast of warnings through All India Radio and National Television (Doordarshan) telecast programmes in national and regional hook-up.
  • A system of warning dissemination for fishermen through World Space Digital Based radio receivers is being planned.

 

 

 

In December 2018, six monuments were declared protected and of national importance by which organisation?

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Solution:

  • In December 2018, six monuments were declared protected and of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

Enrich Your Learning:

Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958:

The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an ‘Ancient Monument’ as follows:

Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years and includes—

  • Remains of an ancient monument,
  • Site of an ancient monument,
  • Such portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving such monument, a
  • The means of access to, and convenient inspection of, an ancient monument.

Protection of monuments:

The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the provisions of the AMASR Act, 1958 protects monuments, sites and remains of national importance by giving a two-months’ notice for inviting objections, if any in this regard.

  • After the specified two-month’s period, and after scrutinizing the objections, if any, received in this regard, the ASI makes decision to bring a monument under its protection.
  • There are at present more than 3650 ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance.
  • These monuments and sites are maintained and preserved through various Circles of the ASI spread all over the country.
  • The Circles look after the research on these monuments and conservation activities.
  • While the Science Branch with its headquarters at Dehradun carries out chemical preservation.
  • The Horticulture Branch with its headquarters at Agra is entrusted with the laying out gardens and environmental development.
  • In 2018 six monuments were declared protected and of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).

These six monuments are:

  • The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan.
  • The Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha.
  • The Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Uttarkhand.
  • The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur.
  • Two Mughal-era monuments in Agra.
  • Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana.

 

 

 

In the year 2018, the Asia Reassurance Initiative Act is legislated into a law by which country?

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Solution:

  • The Asia Reassurance Initiative Act was signed by the United States of America.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • The Asia Reassurance Initiative Act (ARIA), as per white house officials establishes a multifaceted strategy to increase U.S. security, economic interests and values in the Indo-Pacific region.
  • The primary motivator behind the act is the challenge perceived in the U.S of dealing with China’s rise.
  • It also focuses on other issues, including human rights, terrorism – especially in Southeast Asia – and nuclear disarmament on the Korean peninsula.
  • The ARIA includes multiple provisions and largely supports the U.S administration’s own National Security Strategy and National Defense Strategy documents, both of which have identified the Indo-Pacific as a strategic region of particular priority.
  • ARIA draws attention to U.S. relations with China, India, the ten member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), and Northeast Asian allies Japan and South Korea.
  • ARIA calls on the U.S. Secretary of State, in conjunction with the Secretary of the Treasury, to justify the termination of U.S. support for any United Nations Security Council resolutions sanctioning North Korea or the lifting of any unilateral U.S. sanctions on North Korea.
  • The law also recognises US’s growing engagement with India, Australia and Japan under the framework of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue — popularly called the Quad.
  • ARIA devotes attention to the maritime commons in the Asia and the South China Sea, where it calls on the United States to support the ASEAN nations as they adopt a code of conduct in the South China Sea with China.

 

 

 

Sepahijala Zoo and Wildlife Sanctuary is one of the most significant wildlife sanctuaries. It is located in which Indian state?

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Solution:

  • Sepahijala Zoo and Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Tripura.

Enrich Your Learning:

Sepahijala Zoo and Wildlife Sanctuary:

  • Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife sanctuary in Tripura, India, located in Bishalgarh.
  • In 2018 announced the arrival of three new big cats, was announced by the authorities of zoo.
  • The sanctuary carries the coveted ‘Clouded Leopard National Park’ tag since 2011.
  • This is the only place where the endangered clouded leopard is bred and conserved — 39 of these leopards has been bred here in the last seven years.

Other Key Facts:

  • Tripura has three other sanctuaries, Trishna in South Tripura, Rowa in North Tripura and Gomati wildlife sanctuary in Gomati district.
  • Among these, Trishna was declared as a bison reserve.

 

 

 

The term ‘Panda Bond’ refers to an Indenture issued in which countries?

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Solution:

  • The term panda bond refers to an indenture issued in China (other than Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan), in Chinese renminbi, by a foreign bank or corporation.

Enrich Your Learning:

Definition:

  • Panda bonds are issued when a corporation wishes to raise capital from investors located in China.

Details about Panda Bond:

  • Foreign corporations that wish to raise funds in the People’s Republic of China have the option of issuing what are known as panda bonds.
  • These bonds are sold by non-domestic entities, including corporations, financial institutions and governments, and are issued in Chinese renminbi.
  • This is typically done when the interest rates in China are low relative to the foreign corporation’s domestic rates, which lowers their interest expense.
  • Since the bond is issued in the People’s Republic of China’s domestic currency, investors located in China are also insulated from currency exchange rate risk.
  • Foreign companies will usually issue these securities if they have plans to establish operations in China.
  • These bonds are also attractive to investors wishing to geographically diversify their portfolios.

Which foreign organizations can issue Panda bonds?

  • Foreign governmental organizations, international development institutions; and financial institutions with legal personalities and non-financial enterprises with legal personalities lawfully registered outside China.
  • Foreign governmental organizations include sovereign national governments, local governments and organizations with governmental functions.
  • The term “international development organizations” refers to multilateral, bilateral and regional international development financial institutions that offer development loans and carry out developmental investments.

Key Facts:

  • In 2018 Pakistan’s cabinet has approved the issuance of first-ever renminbi-denominated bonds to raise loans from China’s capital markets, as the country moved a step forward to give the Chinese currency a status at par with the US dollar.
  • The International Finance Corporation and the Asian Development Bank issued the first Panda Bonds in the year 2005.
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  • Jayansh Singh

    Nice set of Flash Cards, especially the one on Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary seems particularly important. Thanks.

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