- In December 2018, six monuments were declared protected and of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
Enrich Your Learning:
Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958:
The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 defines an ‘Ancient Monument’ as follows:
Ancient Monument means any structure, erection or monument, or any tumulus or place of interment, or any cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years and includes—
- Remains of an ancient monument,
- Site of an ancient monument,
- Such portion of land adjoining the site of an ancient monument as may be required for fencing or covering in or otherwise preserving such monument, a
- The means of access to, and convenient inspection of, an ancient monument.
Protection of monuments:
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) under the provisions of the AMASR Act, 1958 protects monuments, sites and remains of national importance by giving a two-months’ notice for inviting objections, if any in this regard.
- After the specified two-month’s period, and after scrutinizing the objections, if any, received in this regard, the ASI makes decision to bring a monument under its protection.
- There are at present more than 3650 ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance.
- These monuments and sites are maintained and preserved through various Circles of the ASI spread all over the country.
- The Circles look after the research on these monuments and conservation activities.
- While the Science Branch with its headquarters at Dehradun carries out chemical preservation.
- The Horticulture Branch with its headquarters at Agra is entrusted with the laying out gardens and environmental development.
- In 2018 six monuments were declared protected and of national importance by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
These six monuments are:
- The ancient Neemrana Baori in Rajasthan.
- The Group of Temples at Ranipur Jharail in Odisha.
- The Vishnu Temple in Kotali, Uttarkhand.
- The 125-year-old Old High Court Building in Nagpur.
- Two Mughal-era monuments in Agra.
- Haveli of Agha Khan and Hathi Khana.