Flash Cards

Day#36 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Rainbenshe’ folk martial dance; Nalbana Bird Sanctuary; Akal Takht of Amritsar; Five Sikh Takhts; Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI); Yemen Crisis;
By IASToppers
September 04, 2019

 

 

Yemen crisis often seen in news is a war between which two parties?

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Answer:

  • The Yemen crisis is a civil war going on from 2015 between the Houthi rebels supported by US, UK and France and Saudi led coalition.

Enrich Your Learning:

Yemen Crisis

  • Yemen, one of the Arab world’s poorest countries, has been devastated by a civil war. 
  • The conflict has its roots in the failure of a political transition supposed to bring stability to Yemen following an Arab Spring uprising that forced its long time authoritarian president, Ali Abdullah Saleh, to hand over power to his deputy, Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi, in 2011.
  • But Mr Hadi struggled to deal with a variety of problems, including attacks by jihadists, a separatist movement in the south, the continuing loyalty of security personnel to Saleh, as well as corruption, unemployment and food insecurity.
  • The Houthi rebels (Shia muslim minority of Yemen) took advantage of the new president’s weakness by taking control of their northern heartland of Saada province and neighbouring areas.
  • The Houthis and security forces loyal to Saleh – who is thought to have backed his erstwhile enemies in a bid to regain power – then attempted to take control of the entire country, forcing Mr Hadi to flee abroad in March 2015.
  • Saudi Arabia and eight other mostly Sunni Arab states known as coalition, began an air campaign aimed at restoring Mr Hadi’s government fearing the rise of Houthi group.
  • The coalition receive support from the US, UK and France.
  • Coalition ground troops landed in the southern port city of Aden in August 2015 and helped drive the Houthis and their allies.
  • Militants from al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the local affiliate of the rival Islamic State group (IS) have taken advantage of the chaos by seizing territory in the south and carrying out deadly attacks, notably in Aden.
  • Yemen is experiencing the world’s worst man-made humanitarian disaster in this crisis
  • Thousands more civilians have died from preventable causes, including malnutrition, disease and poor health
  • The UN says at least 7,025 civilians have been killed and 11,140 injured in the fighting since March 2015.

 

 

India has a unique mechanism called Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI) with which country?

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Answer:

  • It is a collaboration between India and USA.

Enrich Your Learning:

Defence Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI)

  • Defence cooperation between the United States and India is a strategic priority for both nations, but the pace and scope of cooperation on defence technology and trade has been impeded by differing bureaucratic processes and legal requirements.
  • In 2012, Secretary of Defence Mr. Leon Panetta directed Deputy Secretary of Defence Dr. Ashton Carter to undertake an initiative to provide increased U.S. senior level oversight and engagement to get beyond these obstacles.
  • The undertaking is referred to as the Defense Technology and Trade Initiative (DTTI).
  • The DTTI is not a treaty or a law but It is a flexible mechanism to ensure that senior leaders from our nations are persistently focused on the opportunities and challenges associated with growing our defence partnership.

It aims for the following things:

  • Transform the bilateral defence relationship into one that is limited only by independent strategic decisions, rather than bureaucratic obstacles or inefficient procedures.
  • Strengthen India’s defence industrial base by moving away from the traditional “buyer-seller” dynamic toward a more collaborative approach.
  • Explore new areas of technological collaboration from science and technology cooperation through co-development and co-production and
  • Expand U.S.-Indian business ties.
  • The Department of defence (US) established The India Rapid Reaction Cell (IRRC) in January 2015 to focus exclusively on advancing the DTTI.
  • President Barack Obama and Prime Minister Modi expressed their support for the DTTI through a joint statement in January 2015 and directed that the DTTI focus on pursuing six co-development/co-production pathfinder efforts. 

 

 

Where is the supreme ‘takht’ of sikh Community is located?

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Answer:

  • The Akal Takht of Amritsar is the supreme takht of sikh Community in India and holds the supreme power to issue orders for the community.

Enrich Your Learning:

Five Sikh Takhts

  • The ‘Takht’ is a Persian word that means imperial throne.
  • At present Sikhs recognise five places as takhts.
  • Three are in Punjab —Akal Takht (Amritsar); Takht Keshgarh Sahib (Anandpur Sahib) and Takht Damdama Sahib (Talwandi Sabo).
  • The other two are in: Takht Patna Sahib (Bihar) and Takht Hazur Sahib (Nanded, Maharashtra).
  • Akal Takht (Throne of the Timeless One) is the oldest of the takhts, and is considered supreme among the five takhts. It was set up in 1606 by Guru Hargobind, whose succession as the sixth Guru after the execution of his father, Guru Arjan Dev, is considered a turning point in the Sikh history.
  • The symbolised the coming together of the temporal authority and the political sovereignty of the Sikh community (miri) with the spiritual authority (piri).
  • The Akal Takht is a five-storey building today and the first storey houses the Guru Granth Sahib.
  • It is from Akal Takht that Sikhs are awarded religious punishment (declared tankhaiya) who are found to be violating the Sikh doctrine and code of conduct and even excommunicated, depending on the degree of violation and failure of adherence to directives of the highest temporal seat of Sikhs.
  • The other four takhts are linked to Guru Gobind Singh who was the tenth Guru of Sikh Community.
  • It was at Keshgarh Sahib that Guru Gobind Singh raised Khalsa. The Khalsa the initiated Sikh warriors, in 1699.
  • The Damdama Sahib was the last and the most recent one to be recognised as a takht in 1966.
  • Takhts are known to issue hukumnamas or orders from time to time on issues that concern the community and edict or order concerning the entire community is issued only from Akal Takht.
  • The three takhts in Punjab are directly controlled by the Shiromani Gurudwara Parbandhak Committee (SGPC).

 

 

Which Indian state hosts Nalbana Bird Sanctuary?

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Answer:

  • Nalbana Bird Sanctuary is located in Odisha

Enrich Your Learning:

Nalbana Bird Sanctuary

  • Nalbana Bird Sanctuaryor Nalbana Island is the core area of the Ramsar designated wetlands of Chilika Lake in Odisha.
  • It was declared a bird sanctuary under the Wildlife Protection Act in 1972. In the heart of the park, one can see thousands of birds descending during the migratory season. 
  • As the monsoon recedes in the winter, lake levels decrease and the island is gradually exposed, birds flock to the island in large numbers to feed on its extensive 
  • The Nalbana was notified in 1987 and declared a bird sanctuary in 1973 under the Wildlife Protection Act.
  • Large flocks of greater flamingos from Iran and the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, feed in the shallow waters of the lake. Other-long legged wadersseen around Nalbana Island are the lesser flamingos, Goliath heron, grey herons, purple   herons, egrets, spoonbills, storks and black-headed ibis. 
  • the Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS) survey recorded 540 nests of the Indian river Tern at the island, the largest nesting colony in the southeast Asia.
  • Many species of birds live in the sanctuary, including rare birds.

 

 

The ‘Rainbenshe’ folk martial dance belongs to which Indian state?

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Answer:

  • It is a folk martial dance form of West Bengal.

Enrich Your Learning:

Raibenshe

  • It is a folk martial dance form of West Bengal which evolved from ancient martial arts practised by the bodyguards of the kings and the Zamindars of Bengal.
  • The performers were originally soldiers, so it was danced originally with spears and it was characterised by vigorous body movements and balancing acts.
  • Along with energetic and masculine movements It involves acrobatics by the dancers with a Raibansh, which is a long bamobbo pole from which the dance takes its name.
  • It is mostly performed in the areas of Birbhum, Bardhaman and Murshidabad.
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