FC-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-37
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#37 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, (COTPA) 2003; Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA); M.R. Rajagopal committee; Geographical Indications Products; Malegam Committee; Inner Line Permit (ILP); SAKSHAM (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav); National Clean Air Programme; UNNATI programme; International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT);
By IT's Core Team
April 27, 2019

 

 

 

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of the world. Right OR Wrong?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Right Statement:

  • International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa

Enrich Your Learning:

  • The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) is a non-profit, non-political organization that conducts agricultural research for development in the drylands of Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.
  • ICRISAT and its partners help empower these poor people to overcome poverty, hunger and a degraded environment through better agriculture.
  • ICRISAT is headquartered in Hyderabad, Telangana State, in India, with two regional hubs (Nairobi, Kenya and Bamako, Mali) and country offices in Niger, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Ethiopia and Mozambique.
  • ICRISAT’s research-for-development agenda is achieved through the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Systems, the CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions and Markets, the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes and the CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals.

ICRISAT conducts research on five highly nutritious drought-tolerant crops:

  • Chickpea
  • Pigeon pea
  • Pearl millet
  • Sorghum
  • Groundnut

Vision, mission and approach:

  • ICRISAT envisions a prosperous, food-secure and resilient dryland tropic.
  • To achieve this, its mission is to reduce poverty, hunger, malnutrition and environmental degradation in the dryland tropics.
  • It approaches this through partnership-based international agricultural research for development that embodies Science with a Human Face.

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

 

 

 

What do you know about the programme UNNATI, recently in news?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • UNNATI (UNispace Nanosatellite Assembly & Training by ISRO) is a capacity-building programme on nanosatellite development launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

Enrich Your Learning:

  • UNNATI is a capacity-building programme on nanosatellite development launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).
  • It was launched to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the first United Nations conference on the exploration and peaceful uses of outer space (UNISPACE 50).
  • The programme aims to provide opportunities to the participating developing countries to become stronger in assembling, integrating and testing nanosatellites.

About the programme:

  • The UNNATI programme will be conducted for three years by the U.R. Rao Satellite Centre of ISRO in three batches.
  • It will benefit officials of 45 countries.
  • The first batch has 30 delegates from 17 countries participating.
  • The primary objective of the programme is to provide theoretical course on Satellite technology, comprehensive course on Nanosatellite realization and hands-on training to assemble, integrate and test a low cost, modular Nanosatellite.

 

 

 

The National Clean Air Programme is a long term fifteen-year action plan. Right OR Wrong?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Right Statement:

  • The National Clean Air Programme is a midterm five-year action plan.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Clean Air Programme

  • The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) is envisaged as a scheme to provide the States and the Centre with a framework to combat air pollution.
  • The National Clean Air Programme is a pollution control initiative that was launched by the Ministry of Environment.

Aim of NCAP:

  • The main aim of the programme would be 20-30% reduction of PM2.5 and PM10 concentration by 2024.

Cities that fall under the Scheme:

  • 102 cities from 23 States and UTs have been chosen as non-attainment cities.
  • With the exception of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata and Bengaluru, most of those chosen are tier two cities.
  • Maharashtra tops the list with 17 cities in the list, including Pune and Nagpur, while Uttar Pradesh is second with 15 cities chosen, including Lucknow and Varanasi.
  • No cities from Manipur, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Tripura, Kerala, Goa and Haryana figure in the list.

Details of the scheme:

  • The programme is expected to be a collaboration between the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Ministry of Heavy Industry, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Health, NITI Aayog, and Central Pollution Control Board.
  • The NCAP will be a mid-term, five-year action plan with 2019 as the first year.
  • The programme would take 2017 as the base year for the comparison of concentration.

 

 

 

What do you know about the SAKSHAM (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav)?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • SAKSHAM (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav) is an annual flagship event of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Govt. of India.
  • The event is carried out with active involvement of the Oil & Gas PSUs along with other stakeholders like State Governments.
  • It was for creating focused attention on fuel conservation through people centric activities and to sensitize the masses about the conservation and efficient use of petroleum products leading to better health and environment.
  • In 2019, the campaign is named as SAKSHAM (Sanrakshan Kshamta Mahotsav) in which a number of activities are being carried out based on the theme of the event.
  • Like Bi-cycle day, fuel efficient driving contest, walkathon, fuel saving concerts, driver training workshops, LPG Panchayat etc.

Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA):

  • Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) is a registered society set up under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Government of India.
  • As a non-profit organization, PCRA is a national government agency engaged in promoting energy efficiency in various sectors of economy.
  • It helps the government in proposing policies and strategies for petroleum conservation, aimed at reducing excessive dependence of the country on oil requirement.
  • PCRA has enlarged its role in improving productivity in use of various sources of energy.

Aim:

  • It aims at making oil conservation a national movement.
  • As part of its mandate, PCRA is entrusted with the task of creating awareness amongst the masses about the importance, methods and benefits of conserving petroleum products & emission reduction.
  • To become a centre of excellence for conservation of hydrocarbons & environment protection for sustainable development on our inherent strength.

Mission:

  • Efficient energy utilization and environment protection leading to Improvement in Quality of Life.

 

 

 

What is the Inner Line Permit?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Solution:

  • The Inner Line Permit (ILP) is an official travel document issued by the Government of India to grant inward travel of an Indian citizen into a protected area for a limited period.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • It is obligatory for Indians residing outside those states to obtain permission prior to entering the protected areas. Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
  • The document has been issued under the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 and the conditions and restrictions vary from state to state.
  • It can be issued for travel purposes solely.
  • Visitors are not allowed to purchase property in these regions. However, there might be a different set of rules for long term visitors, though they are not valid for central government employees and security forces.

Arunachal Pradesh Permits:

  • Indian tourists, other than the natives of Arunachal Pradesh, need to obtain Inner Line Permits (ILPs), which are issued by authorities of any Arunachal Pradesh Government office.
  • Foreigners are required to obtain Protected Area Permit (PAP).
  • Arunachal Pradesh Deputy Resident Commissioner Office in Guwahati or Kolkata have the authority to issue PAPs to single and independent foreign tourists.

Mizoram Permits:

  • Indian tourists will need Inner Line Permits from any Mizoram House.
  • Foreigners now no longer need to obtain the Restricted Area Permit (RAP).
  • They must, however, register themselves at the districts’ Foreigner Registration Office (FRO) within 24 hours of their arrival.

Sikkim Permits:

  • Indian tourists don’t need to obtain permits to enter Sikkim.
  • But, an Inner Line Permit is necessary for travelling to certain places, such as Tsomgo Lake, Kupup and Menmecho Lake, Nathu La, Lachung, Lachen, Chopta, Chungthang, Thangu, Gurudongmar Lake, Yumthang Valley.
  • Foreigners will, however, need to acquire Inner Line Permit to enter Sikkim.
  • Foreigners need to get Restricted Area Permit or PAP to visit North Sikkim and interior regions like Dzongri and Yuksom.
  • Such permits will be issued to only groups of two or more travellers travelling together, and who have made arrangements with tour/trekking operators, registered with the Sikkim Tourism Department.

Nagaland Permits:

  • Indian visitors need to get Inner Line Permit, which is available from any Nagaland Government office or from any Nagaland House.
  • Foreigners now no longer need to obtain PAP, but must, without any fail, register themselves to the districts’ FRO within 24 hours of their arrival.

Manipur Permits:

  • As per the People’s Protection Bill passed in the Manipur legislative assembly outsiders visiting the state would have to obtain Inner Line permit.
  • The bill requires nod from the President.

 

 

 

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted a Sub-Committee in 2010, under the chairmanship of Mr Y.H. Malegam. The committee was mandated for which matter?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • The Board of Directors of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) constituted a Sub-Committee to study the issues and concerns on the microfinance sector.

Enrich Your Learning:

Malegam Committee:

  • This Sub-Committee of the Board was formed on October 15, 2010, under the chairmanship of Mr Y.H. Malegam.
  • The Committee submitted its report in December 2011. The report contains suggestions to regulate the microfinance sector, pricing of interest, increasing transparency, and reducing the problems of multiple lending and over borrowing.

Functions:

  • To review the definition of microfinance and micro finance institutions (MFIs) for the purpose of regulating non-banking financial corporations (NBFCs) undertaking microfinance by the RBI.
  • To delineate objectives and scope of regulation of NBFCs undertaking microfinance by the RBI.
  • To recommend a grievance redressal system that could be put in place to ensure adherence to the regulation recommendations.
  • To examine the prevalent practices of MFIs with regard to interest rates, lending and recovery in order to identify trends that impinge on borrowers’ interest.
  • To examine conditions under which loans to MFIs can be classified as priority sector lending and make appropriate recommendations.
  • To examine the role that bodies of MFIs could play in enhancing transparency disclosure and best practices.

Key Recommendations of the committee:

  • Creation of a separate category of NBFCs viz. NBFC-MFIs to be regulated, and supervised, by the RBI.
  • An average “margin cap” of 10 per cent for MFIs having a loan portfolio of Rs.100 Crore and of 12 per cent for smaller MFIs. An interest cap of 24% on individual loans of MFIs.
  • In the interest of transparency, an MFI can levy only three charges, namely, (a) processing fee (b) interest and (c) insurance charge.
  • A borrower can be a member of only one Self- Help Group (SHG) or a Joint Liability Group (JLG).

 

 

 

Has ‘Hyderabadi biryani’ ever been accorded the status of Geographical indication?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • The ‘Hyderabadi biryani’ failed to secure the geographical indications (GI) tag as the applicant for it could not prove the historical origin and data relating to the delectable dish with supporting documents.

Enrich Your Learning:

Geographical Indications Products:

  • Once a GI tag is allotted to a product, the name becomes unique to that geographical area and cannot be used for products that are manufactured outside of it.
  • Violation of GI tags is a punishable offence under the law.
  • Once a product or good gets this tag, any person or company cannot sell a similar item under that name.
  • This tag is valid for a period of 10 years following which it can be renewed.
  • GI is covered under a law of the World Trade Organisation (WTO).
  • A GI is an indication used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation due to that origin.

Few products which get GI tags recently are below:

Adilabad Dokra:

  • The uniqueness of this art form is that no two sculptures are the same, as they are not made out of a pre-designed cast.
  • The craftsmen of this art form belong to the Woj community, commonly referred to as Wojaris or Ohjas in the rural areas of Telangana.
  • There are roughly 100 odd families in Adilabad district who are involved in the art form.
  • They use brass as their main material and an ancient casting technique called ‘cire perdue’.
  • As part of this technique, the craftsmen use clay and design a model of the sculpture that they want to create.
  • They wrap the clay with wax threads before baking the mould, so that the wax melts away and the molten metal is poured into the mould.
  • The common items made by the craftsmen include small idols and statues of tribal deities, jewellery, bells, small-scale animal sculptures and others.

Warangal durries:

  • In this style of durries, weavers create beautiful patterns and dye them using vegetable colours, which are washed in flowing water after the printing process.
  • Warangal district became a renowned hub for weaving these rugs due to the availability of cotton, which is grown by farmers in the area.
  • According to the Handloom Export Promotion Council, 80% of the handwoven durries sold in European and American markets are woven in India.
  • E-commerce giant Amazon has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Telangana Department of Handlooms and Textiles to help the weavers sell their durries online.
  • In Telangana, the Silver Filigree of Karimnagar, Hyderabadi Haleem and Narayanpet Handloom Sarees already enjoy the GI tag among other crafts.
  • In Andhra, the famous ‘Tirupati laddu’ offered as prasadam at the Sri Venkateshwara temple atop Tirumala already enjoys the GI tag, along with the Banganapalle mango and the Durgi stone carvings, among others.

Shahi Litchi:

  • Bihar’s famous Shahi Litchi has got Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  • India is the second largest producer of litchi in the world and Bihar is the leading state for litchi production in the country.
  • The application for the GI registration of Shahi Litchi was submitted by Muzaffarpur-based Litchi Growers Association of Bihar.
  • Besides Muzaffarpur, Shahi Litchi is also grown extensively in Samastipur, East Champaran, Vaishali, and Begusarai districts of north Bihar.
  • The details mentioned in the journal say that humid condition and alluvial soil that has a fairly good amount of calcium content in Muzaffarpur and Darbhanga proved ideal for litchi cultivation in Bihar.
  • Bihar produces around 40 % of the litchi grown in India on 38% of the area.

Etikoppaka toys:

  • Etikoppaka is a region located in Andhra Pradesh.
  • Etikoppaka toys are made with lacquer color and are traditionally known as Etikoppaka toys or Etikoppaka Bommalu.
  • The toys are also called as lacquer toys because of application of lacquer coating.
  • The art of toy making is also known as Turned Wood Lacquer craft.
  • They are made from the soft wood of Ankudi Karra (Wrightia tinctoria) tree.
  • While making the Etikoppaka toys, lac, a colourless resinous secretion of numerous insects, is used.
  • The already prepared vegetable dyes are further mixed to the lac, during the process of oxidation.
  • After this process, the end product obtained is rich and colored lacquer.
  • The lac dye is used for decorating the Etikoppaka toys, which are exported all over the world.

Key Facts:

  • The first product to get a GI tag in India was the Darjeeling tea in 2004.

 

 

 

What are the key features of the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, (COTPA) 2003?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • The COTPA, 2003 was enacted in 2003 to prohibit advertisement of, and to provide for the regulation of trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of cigarettes and other tobacco products in India.
  • This Act was enacted by the Parliament to give effect to the Resolution passed by the 39th World Health Assembly, urging the member states to implement measures to provide non-smokers protection from involuntary exposure to tobacco smoke.
  • Act applicable to all products containing tobacco including (but not restricted to) Cigars, Cigarettes, Cheroots, Bidis, Gutka, Pan Masala, Khaini, Mawa, Mishri, Snuff.
  • In 2015, an amendment bill ‘COTPA Amendment Bill 2015’ was placed in public domain for discussion.

Key features of the act:

  • The Prohibition of smoking in public places
  • Prohibition of direct/indirect advertisement, sponsorship and promotion of tobacco products
  • Prohibition of sale of tobacco products to underage persons/minors
  • Prohibition of sale of tobacco products close to educational institutions
  • Display of pictorial warnings on tobacco products
  • Manner and size in which warnings to be made
  • Language in which specified warning to be made
  • Regulation of tar and nicotine contents of tobacco products.

 

 

 

M.R. Rajagopal committee gave its report to the government. The committee was constituted for which purpose?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • R. Rajagopal committee gave its report to the government related to threshold values at which ‘passive euthanasia’ and ‘living will’ can be implemented in the state.

Enrich Your Learning:

Report of M.R. Rajagopal committee

  • A five-member committee headed by Pallium India chairman Dr. M R Rajagopal tabled a report with the government, listing the parameters and the threshold values at which ‘passive euthanasia’ and ‘living will’ can be implemented in the state.
  • The committee has stated the usage of the term ‘passive euthanasia’ is ‘misleading’ and the procedure should rather be called as ‘withholding or withdrawing futile treatment’.
  • Committee agrees the very usage of ‘passive euthanasia’ itself is incorrect as it carries the meaning of intention to kill.

Recommendations of the committee:

  • Committee recommended the constitution of a doctors’ panel at the district-level to process ‘living will’.
  • It requests the government to direct the respective District Medical Officers to constitute the panel in advance as ‘when the need arises, time will not be wasted for finding the doctors’.
  • The ‘living will’ acts as a medical power of attorney that allows an individual to appoint a trusted person to make healthcare decisions when he/she is unable to take such decisions.

 

 

 

Petroleum Conservation Research Association is a department under the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Government of India. Right OR Wrong?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Right Statement:

  • Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) is a registered society set up under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas, Government of India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA):

  • PCRA is a non-profit organization.
  • PCRA is a national government agency engaged in promoting energy efficiency in various sectors of economy.
  • It helps the government in proposing policies and strategies for petroleum conservation, aimed at reducing excessive dependence of the country on oil requirement.
  • As part of its mandate, PCRA is entrusted with the task of creating awareness amongst the masses about the importance, methods and benefits of conserving petroleum products & emission reduction.
  • It sponsors R&D activities for the development of fuel-efficient equipment / devices and organizes multi-media campaigns for creating mass awareness for the conservation of petroleum products.
  • PCRA also publishes quarterly a journal and a newsletter. Active Conservation Techniques (ACT), is a journal containing articles on technology by energy experts.
  • Special low cost green leaflets have also been developed to educate the masses on the ill effects of pollution caused due to incomplete combustion and its impact on health.

Mission:

  • Efficient energy utilization and environment protection leading to Improvement in Quality of Life.

Objectives:

  • To formulate strategies and promote measures for accelerating conservation of petroleum products leading to environment protection, energy security and sustainable development.
  • To create awareness among masses about the importance, benefits and methods of conserving petroleum products & clean environment by enhancing information and capacity building.
  • To promote research, development and deployment efforts aimed at petroleum conservation & environment protection, support & facilitate efforts for adoption and dissemination of fuel efficient technologies and substitution of petroleum products with alternate fuels and renewable.
  • To establish synergistic institutional linkages at the national & international levels in the areas of petroleum conservation & environment protection.
  • To provide training and technical advisory services, designed to achieve economy & efficiency in use of petroleum products for cleaner environment.
  • To function as a Think Tank to the Govt. of India for proposing policies and strategies on petroleum conservation and environment protection aimed at reducing excessive dependence on oil.
Topics
70 Days Prelims Flash Cards 2019 Latest Posts Popular
Tags

Facebook

My Favourite Articles

  • Your favorites will be here.

Calendar Archive

May 2019
M T W T F S S
« Apr    
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031