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Flash Cards

Day#40 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Koodiyattam; Doyang Lake of Nagaland; Gravitational lens; ‘Girmityas’; Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS);
By IASToppers
September 09, 2019

 

 

The Special Data Dissemination Standard is established by which international Institution?

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Answer:

  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Enrich Your Learning:

Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS)

  • The Special Data Dissemination Standard (SDDS) was established by the IMF in 1966.
  • It was established for member countries that have or that might seek access to international capital markets, to guide them in providing their economic and financial data to the public.
  • The subscription to this standard is voluntary for countries.
  • The subscribing member needs to be committed to observing the standard and provide information about its data and data dissemination practices (metadata).
  • The metadata are posted on the IMF’s Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board.
  • The SDDS is expected to enhance the availability of timely and comprehensive data and improve the functioning of financial markets.
  • The subscription to SDDS indicates that a country meets the test of “good statistical citizenship. 
  • Countries that subscribe to the SDDS agree to follow good practices in four areas: the coverage, periodicity, and timeliness of data; public access to those data; data integrity; and data quality.
  • The IMF monitors SDDS observance and publishes annual observance reports.
  • The SDDS Plus is the highest tier in the Fund’s Data Standards Initiatives and builds on the progress achieved under the SDDS.

What is metadata?

  • The Metadata is datainformation that provides information about other data.
  • It means it is a description and context of the data.
  • It helps to organize, find and understand data.

 

 

In context of History, what do you know about Girmityas?

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Answer:

Girmityas were Indentured Indian labourers

Enrich Your Learning:

Girmityas’

  • Girmitiya or Jahajis are indentured Indian labourers.
  • The ‘Girmit’ is the term that has been coined into referring to the “Agreement” of the British Government with the Indian labourers as to the length of stay in Fiji and the Caribbean, and when they would be allowed to go back to India.
  • They were brought to Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa, East Africa, and the Caribbean (mostly Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and Jamaica) to work on sugarcane plantations and also to save the Fijians from having to work on these plantations and thus to preserve their culture.

 

 

A lens that is capable of bending the light from the source of light is known by which name?

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Answer:

  • Gravitational Lens

Enrich Your Learning:

Gravitational lens

  • As the light emitted by distant galaxies passes by massive objects in the universe, the gravitational pull from these objects can distort or bend the light. This is called gravitational lensing.
  • Gravitational lensing works in an analogous way and is an effect of Einstein’s theory of general relativity – simply put, mass bends light.
  • The gravitational field of a massive object will extend far into space, and cause light rays passing close to that object (and thus through its gravitational field) to be bent and refocused somewhere else.
  • The more massive the object, the stronger its gravitational field and hence the greater the bending of light rays.
  • Gravitational lensing happens on all scales – the gravitational field of galaxies and clusters of galaxies can lens light, but so can smaller objects such as stars and planets.
  • Even the mass of our own bodies will lens light passing near us a tiny bit, although the effect is too small to ever measure.
  • In between the Earth and those galaxies is a mysterious entity called dark matter.
  • Dark matter is invisible, but it does have mass, making up around 85% of the mass of the Universe. This means that light rays coming towards us from distant galaxies will pass through the gravitational field of dark matter and hence will be bent by the lensing effect.

 

 

Koodiyattam is a traditional performing art form of which Indian state?

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Answer:

  • Kerala

Enrich Your Learning:

Koodiyattam

  • Koodiyattam also written or translated as Kutiyattam, is a traditional performing art form in the state of Kerala.
  • It consists of nritta, abhinaya and play.
  • It is a combination of ancient Sanskrit theatrewith elements of Koothu, a Tamil/Malayalam performing art which is as old as Sangam era.
  • It is officially recognised by UNESCOas a Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.
  • It is traditionally performed in temple theatres known as Koothambalams of Kerala.
  • It is the only surviving art form that uses dramas from ancient Sanskrit theatre.
  • Koodiyattam has been performed by Chakyars(a subcaste of Kerala Hindus) and by Nangyaramma (women of the Ambalavasi Nambiar caste). 
  • The main actor is a Chakyar who performs the ritualistic Koothu and Koodiyattam inside the temple or in the Koothambalam.
  • Chakyar women, Illotammas, are not allowed to participate. Instead, the female roles are played by Nangyaramma
  • Koodiyattam performances are lengthy and elaborate affairs, ranging from 12 to 150 hours spread across several nights
  • It a complete Koodiyattam performance consists of three parts.

 

 

Which Indian lake was recently in news for Amur Falcon raptors being coming and staying to the lake during their long travel to South Africa?

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Answer:

  • Lake Doyang of Nagaland

Enrich Your Learning:

Doyang Lake of Nagaland

  • It is famous for the world’s longest travelling raptors Amur falcon.
  • Amur falcons are the longest travelling raptors in the world
  • Amur Falcons come to Doyang lake to roost during their flight from Mongolia to South Africa.
  • Centre will soon develop the Doyang lake area as an eco-tourism spot for bird watchers across the world. 
  • Naga tribesmen until recently used to hunt thousands of Amur falcons for meat but after a vigorous campaign by wildlife activists, they pledged to protect the bird.
  • The lake area had come to limelight when two of three falcons, tagged with satellite device in 2013 to understand their migratory behaviour, had returned to the lake twice after taking rounds from Mongolia to South Africa via Nagaland.
  • These two falcons – named Naga and Pangti – have once again returned to the lake in Nagaland this year.
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