Girmityas were Indentured Indian labourers
Enrich Your Learning:
- Girmitiya or Jahajis are indentured Indian labourers.
- The ‘Girmit’ is the term that has been coined into referring to the “Agreement” of the British Government with the Indian labourers as to the length of stay in Fiji and the Caribbean, and when they would be allowed to go back to India.
- They were brought to Fiji, Mauritius, South Africa, East Africa, and the Caribbean (mostly Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and Jamaica) to work on sugarcane plantations and also to save the Fijians from having to work on these plantations and thus to preserve their culture.