42-current-Flash-Cards-Revision
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#42 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Universal Postal Union (UPU); Bottom trawling; National Investigation Agency (NIA); Free Movement Regime (FMR); Project CHAMAN; BBIN agreement; ‘Value Engineering Programme’; Man Booker Prize, 2018; Mullaperiyar Dam dispute; National Sample Survey Office (NSSO);
By IT's Core Team
May 02, 2019

 

 

 

National Sample Survey Office operates under which of the following Ministries of Government of India?

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Answer:

  • National Sample Survey Office operates under Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India.

Enrich Your Learning:

About the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO):

  • NSSO is headed by a Director General who is responsible for conduct of large scale sample surveys in diverse fields on All India basis.
  • It is under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation which has been regularly conducting nation-wide surveys on various socio-economic subjects.
  • Results of these surveys are used for planning, policy formulation and decision making.
  • Primarily data are collected through nation-wide household surveys on various socio-economic subjects, Annual Survey of Industries (ASI), etc.
  • Besides these surveys, NSSO collects data on rural and urban prices and plays a significant role in the improvement of crop statistics through supervision of the area enumeration and crop estimation surveys of the State agencies. 
  • It also maintains a frame of urban area units for use in sample surveys in urban areas. 

It has four divisions:

  1. Survey Design and Research Division (SDRD) – Kolkata
  2. Field Operations Division (FOD) – New Delhi
  3. Data Processing Division (DPD) – Kolkata
  4. Co-ordination and Publication Division (CPD) – New Delhi

 

 

 

Mullaperiyar Dam dispute is an ongoing row and the long legal battle between which Indian states?

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Answer:

  • Mullaperiyar Dam dispute is an ongoing row and the long legal battle between the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala about the Mullaperiyar dam on the Periyar river.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Mullaperiyar Dam:

  • The Mullaperiyar Dam or Mullaiperiyar Dam is a masonry gravity dam on the Periyar River in the Indian state of Kerala.
  • It is located on the Cardamom Hills of the Western Ghats in Thekkady, Idukki District of Kerala, South India.
  • It was constructed between 1887 and 1895 by John Pennycuick and also reached in an agreement to donate water eastwards to the Madras Presidency area (present-day Tamil Nadu).
  • The Periyar National Park in Thekkady is located around the dam’s reservoir.
  • The dam is located in Kerala on the river Periyar, but is operated and maintained by Tamil Nadu state.

Mullaperiyar Dam dispute:

  • Tamil Nadu-Kerala dam row is an ongoing row and the long legal battle between the Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala about the Mullaperiyar dam on the Periyar river.
  • Although the 116-year-old Mullaperiyar dam is located in Kerala, it is operated by the government of Tamil Nadu which signed a 999-year lease agreement with the former British government to irrigate farmland on its side.
  • The control and safety of the dam and the validity and fairness of the lease agreement have been points of dispute between Kerala and Tamil Nadu states.
  • Supreme Court judgment came in February 2006, allowing Tamil Nadu to raise the level of the dam to 152 ft (46 m) after strengthening it.
  • Responding to it, Mullaperiyar dam was declared an ‘endangered’ scheduled dam by the Kerala Government under the disputed Kerala Irrigation and Water Conservation (Amendment) Act, 2006.
  • Kerala in 2006, constituting the Dam Safety Authority to prevent Tamil Naidu from raising the water level in the Mullaperiyar dam from 136 ft to 142 ft.
  • Tamil Nadu has insisted on exercising its unfettered rights to control the dam and its waters, based on the 1886 lease agreement. Kerala has pointed out the unfairness in the 1886 lease agreement and has challenged its validity. However, safety concerns posed by the 119-year-old dam to the safety of the people of Kerala in the event of a dam collapse, have been the focus of disputes from 2009 onwards.

 

 

 

Who was awarded the Man Booker Prize, 2018?

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Answer:

  • Anna Burns was awarded the 2018 Booker Prize for her third novel, Milkman.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • Launched in 1969, the Man Booker Prize is the world’s most prestigious English-language literary award. It was presented by the Man Group.
  • The award aims at promoting the finest literary work in fiction by rewarding the best novel of the year written in English and published in the United Kingdom.
  • It carries cash prize of 50,000 pounds.

Previous recipients:

  • The 2015 Man Booker Prize was conferred on Jamaican author Marlon James for his book A Brief History of Seven Killings.
  • The 2016 Man Booker Prize was conferred on US author Paul Beatty for his racial satirical novel ‘The Sellout’. He was the first US author to win this prestigious literary award.
  • The 2017 Man Booker Prize was conferred on US author George Saunders. He became only the second American writer to win Britain’s renowned Man Booker Prize, which was awarded for his first full-length novel Lincoln in the Bardo.

 

 

 

What do you understand by the term ‘Value Engineering Programme’?

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Answer:

  • In 2017, the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, has decided to implement a ‘Value Engineering Programme’ to promote the use of new technologies, materials and equipment in highways projects executed either under PPP mode or public funding mode.

Enrich Your Learning:

Aims of the ‘Value Engineering Programme’:

  • The programme aims at using innovative technology, materials and equipment to reduce the cost of projects and make them more environment friendly.
  • Programme is expected to increase the speed of construction, reduce construction cost, increase asset durability and improve aesthetics and safety.

 

 

 

Bottom trawling by Indian fishermen had emerged as a major issue because of the disruptive impact it left on the coastal communities. To curb this, India has taken measures to stop bottom trawling by its fishermen in the waters near which country?

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Answer:

  • Government of India took initiative to end bottom trawling in the Palk Bay area near the Sri Lankan coastline. Shell bay is located on the other side of the Palk Bay (North-East of Sri Lanka).

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Bottom trawling?

What is Bottom trawling

  • Bottom trawling is an industrial fishing method where a large net with heavy weights is dragged across the seafloor, scooping up everything in its path – from the targeted fish to the incidentally caught centuries-old corals.
  • Bottom trawls are used in catching marine life that live on the seafloor, such as shrimp, cod, sole and flounder.
  • Bottom trawling is unselective and severely damaging to seafloor ecosystems.
  • The net indiscriminately catches every life and object it encounters. Thus, many creatures end up mistakenly caught and thrown overboard dead or dying, including endangered fish and even vulnerable deep-sea corals which can live for several hundred years.

What is Bottom trawling2

 

 

 

The BBIN agreement is aimed to facilitate cross border movement of both passengers and cargo vehicles. Which countries are part of this agreement?

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Answer:

  • The Bangladesh-Bhutan-India-Nepal (BBIN) Motor Vehicles Agreement (MVA) was signed at the BBIN transport ministers meeting in Thimpu, Bhutan, on 15 June 2015.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • BBIN is aimed to facilitate cross border movement of both passengers and cargo vehicles.
  • Protocols to implement the agreement are being negotiated by the four countries for passengers and cargo vehicles separately.
  • The four South Asian nations had already signed the BBIN Agreement in June 2016. Despite ratifications by three partner countries, Bhutan’s Upper House has not yet ratified the deal, citing environmental as well as livelihood concerns.
  • India has embarked on the implementation of the BBIN motor pact with Bangladesh and Nepal. 

 

 

 

Project CHAMAN is associated with which: (a) Conservation of mangroves OR (b) Horticulture?

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Answer:

  • In order to provide strategic development to the horticulture sector, so as to increase farmer’s income, a pioneer project called CHAMAN was launched.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • The project CHAMAN (Coordinated Horticulture Assessment and Management using geoiNfromatics) envisages use of satellite remote sensing data for area and production estimation of 7 horticultural crops (Potato, Onion, Tomato, Chili, Mango, Banana and Citrus) in 12 major states in 180 districts.
  • The programme also uses GIS (Geographical Information System) tools along with remote sensing data for generating action plans for horticultural development.
  • Another component of CHAMAN is to carry out research activities on horticultural crop condition studies, diseases assessment and precision farming.
  • The project is being implemented by Mahalanobis National Crop Forecast Centre (MNCFC) in collaboration with ISRO Centres (SAC & NRSC) and 12 state horticulture departments, NHRDF, IMD, ICAR Centre and State Remote Sensing Centres.

 

 

 

Free Movement Regime (FMR) was bilateral agreement between India and which of its neighbouring country?

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Answer:

  • Myanmar

Enrich Your Learning:

  • FMR was bilateral agreement between India and Myanmar that allows free movement of Indian and Myanmarese citizens within 16 km of the border without visa restrictions for 72 hours.
  • Its purpose is to alleviate insecurity of tribals living along India and Myanmar border as they still continue to have trans-border linkages with their kiths and kins.

Background:

  • The FMR permits tribes residing along the border to travel 16 km across the boundary without visa restrictions.
  • The move comes in the wake of large-scale displacement of Rohingya people from Rakhine State in Myanmar.
  • In June 2017, the Ministry had constituted a committee to examine various methods to curb the misuse of free movement along the Myanmar border, a friendly country, with which it shares unfenced borders and unhindered movement of people across the border.
  • Indo-Myanmar border is unique in many ways as it has a visa-free movement regime for people living within 16 kms on either side of the border.
  • They can stay up to 72 hours with effective and valid permits issued by the designated authority on either side.

 

 

 

Can a State Government request the Central Government to hand over the investigation of a case to the National Investigation Agency (NIA)?

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Answer:

  • A State Government may request the Central Government to hand over the investigation of a case to the NIA, provided there is reasonable ground to suggest the commission of a scheduled offence under the NIA Act in the said crime.

Enrich Your Learning:

About NIA:

  • National Investigation Agency (NIA) is a central agency established by the Indian Government to act as the Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency.
  • The agency is empowered to deal with terror related crimes across states without special permission from the states.
  • The Agency came into existence with the enactment of the National Investigation Agency Act 2008 by the Parliament of India in 2009.
  • The agency is headed by a Director General and the officers for the agency are recruited from other agencies like the Indian Revenue Services, State Police departments, Income Tax department, Central Armed Police Forces.
  • It also builds a database on all terror-related information and shares it with the states and other law enforcement agencies.
  • The NIA has the power to investigate any terrorist attack in the country covering offences including bomb blasts, hijacking of planes and ships and attacks on nuclear installations, incidents related to smuggling of arms, circulation of fake currency and cross border infiltration.
  • NIA’s emphasis is on using latest scientific methods of investigation and a speedy trial resulting in quick justice.

 

 

 

UPU is a specialized agency of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Right OR Wrong?

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Answer:

Right Statement:

  • UPU is a specialized agency of the United Nations.

Enrich Your Learning:

The Universal Postal Union (UPU):

  • UPU is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that coordinates postal policies among member nations, in addition to the worldwide postal system.
  • It was established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874.
  • The UPU contains four bodies consisting of the Congress, the Council of Administration (CA), the Postal Operations Council (POC) and the International Bureau (IB).
  • It also oversees the Telematics and Express Mail Service (EMS) cooperatives.
  • Each member agrees to the same terms for conducting international postal duties.
  • The UPU’s headquarters are located in Bern, Switzerland.

World Post Day:

  • October 9th was first declared World Post Day at the 1969 UPU Congress in Tokyo, Japan.
  • The purpose of World Post Day is to create awareness of the role of the postal sector in people’s and businesses’ everyday lives and its contribution to the social and economic development of countries.
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