The Conference on Disarmament (CD) is the world’s only permanent multilateral disarmament treaty negotiating body.
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‘Conference on Disarmament (CD)’
- The CD was formed in 1979. The CD is the successor to the Ten-Nation Committee on Disarmament (TNDC), Geneva, 1960; the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament (ENDC), Geneva, 1962-68; and the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD), Geneva, 1969-78.
- As originally constituted, the CD had only 38 countries participated in the work of the Conference until 1995. On 17 June 1995, the CD unanimously decided to admit 23 additional members.
- While the CD is independent of the United Nations, it adopts its own rules of procedure and its own agenda, taking into account the recommendations made by the UN General Assembly and the proposals presented by its members, although its secretary is appointed by the UN Secretary-General.
- Annual report also submitted to the UN General Assembly.
- The CD has a permanent agenda agreed upon in 1978 at the first special session of the UNGA devoted to disarmament.
The CD and its predecessors have negotiated multilateral arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament agreements such as:
- Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
- Environmental Modification and Seabed treaties
- Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BTWC)
- Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)
- Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)