CA-FC-Day-44-2020-IASToppers
Flash Cards

Day#44 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Conference on Disarmament (CD)’; Jaduguda Mine; The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation; Bangkok Agreement; Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA); Techno Economic Approach for Africa–India Movement (TEAM–9);
By IASToppers
September 13, 2019

 

 

Which is the world’s only permanent multilateral disarmament treaty negotiating body?

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Answer:

The Conference on Disarmament (CD) is the world’s only permanent multilateral disarmament treaty negotiating body.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Conference on Disarmament (CD)’

  • The CD was formed in 1979. The CD is the successor to the Ten-Nation Committee on Disarmament (TNDC), Geneva, 1960; the Eighteen-Nation Committee on Disarmament (ENDC), Geneva, 1962-68; and the Conference of the Committee on Disarmament (CCD), Geneva, 1969-78.
  • As originally constituted, the CD had only 38 countries participated in the work of the Conference until 1995. On 17 June 1995, the CD unanimously decided to admit 23 additional members.
  • While the CD is independent of the United Nations, it adopts its own rules of procedure and its own agenda, taking into account the recommendations made by the UN General Assembly and the proposals presented by its members, although its secretary is appointed by the UN Secretary-General.
  • Annual report also submitted to the UN General Assembly.
  • The CD has a permanent agenda agreed upon in 1978 at the first special session of the UNGA devoted to disarmament.

The CD and its predecessors have negotiated multilateral arms control, non-proliferation and disarmament agreements such as:

  • Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT)
  • Environmental Modification and Seabed treaties
  • Biological and Toxic Weapons Convention (BTWC)
  • Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC)
  • Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)

 

 

Recently launched Techno Economic Approach for Africa–India Movement (TEAM–9) is for co-operation between India and which eight West African Countries?

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Answer:

  • Techno Economic Approach for Africa–India Movement (TEAM–9) is recently launched for special co-operation amongst the eight West African Countries, viz, Burkina Faso, Chad, Cote DIvoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Senegal with India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Techno Economic Approach for Africa–India Movement (TEAM–9)

  • Africa, particularly West Africa, has remained a relatively neglected area in India’s foreign policy.
  • It might be due to fewer People of Indian Origin (PIO) in the region compared to eastern and southern Africa, or due the language barrier.
  • A recent initiative, the Techno-Economic Approach for Africa-India Movement or Team 9 is a welcome move to extend relations with West African Countries.
  • Team 9 envisages special co-operation amongst the eight West African Countries, viz, Burkina Faso, Chad, Cote DIvoire, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Senegal, and India.
  • The first ministerial meeting of Team 9 countries held in New Delhi. The meeting ended with the agreement to identify and implement priority projects and corporate schemes.
  • A highlight of the Team 9 initiative is that while the government will play the role of facilitator, a major role for the private sector is also envisaged.

 

 

What was the previous name for Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)?

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Answer:

Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) was previously known as Bangkok agreement.

Enrich Your Learning:

Bangkok Agreement or Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA)

  • Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement (APTA) is a preferential regional trade agreement formerly known as the Bangkok Agreement.
  • APTA was signed in 1975 as an initiative of ESCAP (Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific).
  • It was renamed as Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement on 2nd November 2005.
  • APTA aims to promote economic development of its members through the adoption of mutually beneficial trade liberalization measures that contribute to regional trade expansion and economic cooperation.
  • Member countries of APTA are Bangladesh, China, India, Laos, South Korea and Sri Lanka.
  • Over time it refocused from the initial negotiation of tariff concessions on merchandise trade to at present negotiating liberalization in investment, services trade and trade facilitation.
  • It is also continuously working on improving and modernizing its Rules of origin for trade in goods.

 

 

Is India a signatory to the International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation?

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Answer:

Yes. India became a signatory to the International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation in 2016.

Enrich Your Learning:

The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation

  • The International Code of Conduct against Ballistic Missile Proliferation, also known as the Hague Code of Conduct (HCOC) is a political initiative aimed at globally curbing ballistic missile proliferation.
  • HCOC is a voluntary, legally non-binding international confidence building and transparency measure.
  • It was established on 25 November 2002 at a launching conference hosted by the Netherlands in The Hague. As of April 2019, 140 countries have subscribed to the HCOC.
  • It is an agreement between states on how they should conduct trade; it does not call for the destruction of missiles.
  • The HCOC consists of a set of general principles, modest commitments, and limited confidence-building measures.
  • India joined the group in July, 2018.

 

 

Jaduguda mine is known for production of which element’s raw material?

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Answer:

Jaduguda mine is known for production of raw material of Uranium for nuclear power generation in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Jaduguda Mine

  • The Jaduguda Mine is a uranium mine in Jaduguda village in the Purbi Singhbhum district of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
  • It commenced operation in 1967 and was the first uranium mine in India.
  • The deposits at this main were discovered in 1951.
  • India only possesses two functional uranium mines, including the Jaduguda Mine.
  • The Jaduguda mine produces up to 25% of the raw materials needed to fuel India’s nuclear reactors.
  • The mine is located at least 640 meters below the earth’s surface and is accessible by a 5-meter diameter vertical shaft.Jaduguda-Mine.jpg-iastoppers
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