FC-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-46
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#46 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Inclusive Development Index (IDI); ‘PCS1x’; Measures to promote country’s Hydro Power Sector; Agricultural Census in India; International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation program (SVEEP); Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI); EMISAT; 'Operation Samudra Maitri'; ‘Virtual ID’ for Aadhaar;
By IT's Core Team
May 06, 2019

 

 

 

Describe in detail about the concept of “Virtual ID” and “limited KYC” launched to further strengthen the security of Aadhaar data by the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI).

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

‘Virtual ID’ for Aadhaar:

  • The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) introduced the concept of “Virtual ID” and “limited KYC” to further strengthen the security of Aadhaar data.
  • The new measure will prevent the users from giving away their Aadhaar details at the time of verification.

Here are the details about the new concepts introduced by the agency.

  • The Virtual ID is a random 16-digit number.
  • The ID can be generated as many time as possible.
  • The older ID gets automatically cancelled once a fresh one is generated.
  • Users can go to the UIDAI website to generate their virtual ID which will be valid for a defined period of time, or till the user decides to change it.
  • The ID, along with the biometrics of the user, would give any authorised agency, like a mobile company, limited details like name, address and photograph, which are enough for any verification.
  • Agencies that undertake authentication would not be allowed to generate the Virtual ID on behalf of the user.
  • UIDAI also introduced the concept of ‘limited KYC’, which will provide need-based or limited details of a user to an authorised agency providing a particular service.
  • The Aadhaar-issuing body will start accepting the ‘Virtual ID’ from March 1, 2018.
  • The ‘Virtual ID’ will be made compulsory for all agencies undertaking authentication from June 1, 2018.
  • Agencies failing to meet the above deadline will be faced with financial disincentives.

 

 

 

India has launched ‘Operation Samudra Maitri’ for which purpose?

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Answer:

  • India has launched ‘Operation Samudra Maitri’ to assist victims of earthquake and tsunami in Central Sulawesi Province of the Republic of Indonesia.

Enrich Your Learning:

Operation Samudra Maitri:

  • Under this operation, India has dispatched two aircraft and three naval ships carrying relief material to the country.
  • India has sent two Air Force aircraft — C-130J and C-17 for this operation. The C-130J aircraft is carrying a medical team along with tents and equipment to set up a field hospital. The C-17 aircraft is carrying medicines, generators, tents and water to provide immediate assistance.
  • Three Indian Naval Ships — INS Tir, INS Sujatha and INS Shardul — have also been mobilised to carry out humanitarian assistance and disaster relief (HADR).

 

 

 

EMISAT is the India’s first defence satellite dedicated to Indian Navy. Right or Wrong?

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Answer: Wrong

  • EMISAT is the country’s first electronic surveillance satellite.

Enrich Your Learning:

EMISAT Satellite:

  • The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched the country’s first electronic surveillance satellite, EMISAT, from Sriharikota in coastal Andhra Pradesh.
  • EMISAT will be conducting space experiments and manoeuvre satellites.
  • The EMISAT satellite is an intelligence satellite, that is aimed at electromagnetic measurement.
  • EMISAT is an all-weather and all terrain condition satellite using Ka band, which will allow it to work through clouds, rain, forest and coastal areas. It was placed into a 436kms sun synchronous polar orbit.
  • EMISAT is an ELINT (Electronic Intelligence) satellite, which means it should have a SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) to measure the electromagnetic spectrum – so as to intercept and analyse radar signals, find their location, identify the hostile radars based on their RF signature.
  • This will be a vital tool for India, when EMISAT along with the AWACS can effectively locate, tackle and silence enemy radars, and secure Indian airspace.
  • Space-based electronic intelligence or ELINT from the 436-kg spacecraft will add teeth to situational awareness of the Armed Forces as it will provide location and information of hostile radars placed at the borders; this will be another dimension to current land or aircraft-based ELINT, according to defence experts who did not wish to be named.
  • ISRO, which is said to have built the satellite body for the DRDO payload, merely said the spacecraft would measure the electromagnetic spectrum.
  • After separation, the two solar arrays of EMISAT were deployed automatically. The ISRO Telemetry Tracking and Command Network at Bengaluru assumed control of the satellite. In the coming days, the satellite will be brought to its final operational configuration.

 

 

 

SIPRI is an independent international institute dedicated to?

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Answer:

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) is an independent international institute dedicated to research into conflict, armaments, arms control and disarmament.

Enrich Your Learning:

Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI):

  • Established in 1966, SIPRI provides data, analysis and recommendations, based on open sources, to policymakers, researchers, media and the interested public.
  • Based in Stockholm, SIPRI is regularly ranked among the most respected think tanks worldwide.
  • The Institute also cooperates closely with several intergovernmental organizations, notably the United Nations and the European Union, and regularly receives parliamentary, scientific and government delegations as well as visiting researchers.

Vision:

  • SIPRI’s vision is a world in which sources of insecurity are identified and understood, conflicts are prevented or resolved, and peace is sustained.

Mission is to:

  • Undertake research and activities on security, conflict and peace;
  • Provide policy analysis and recommendations;
  • Facilitate dialogue and build capacities;
  • Promote transparency and accountability; and
  • Deliver authoritative information to global audiences.

Backgrond:

  • SIPRI was established on the basis of a decision by the Swedish Parliament and receives a substantial part of its funding in the form of an annual grant from the Swedish Government.
  • The Institute also seeks financial support from other organizations in order to carry out its research.

Structure:

  • SIPRI’s organizational structure comprises the Governing Board and the Director, a Deputy Director, the Research Staff Collegium, and Support Staff, together numbering around 50–60 people.

 

 

 

Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation program, better known as SVEEP, is the flagship program of Ministry of Law And Justice. Right or Wrong?

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Answer: Wrong

Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation program, better known as SVEEP, is the flagship program of the Election Commission of India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation program (SVEEP):

  • Systematic Voters’ Education and Electoral Participation program, better known as SVEEP, is the flagship program of the Election Commission of India for voter education, spreading voter awareness and promoting voter literacy in India.
  • Since 2009, we have been working towards preparing India’s electors and equipping them with basic knowledge related to the electoral process.
  • SVEEP’s primary goal is to build a truly participative democracy in India by encouraging all eligible citizens to vote and make an informed decision during the elections.
  • The programme is based on multiple general as well as targeted interventions which are designed according to the socio-economic, cultural and demographic profile of the state as well as the history of electoral participation in previous rounds of elections and learning thereof.
  • It aims to build a stronger democracy through greater synergy with Civil Society Organisations, Media and Corporate Houses and even greater queries, suggestions, and participation from individuals.

State and District level SVEEP plans:

  • ECI also initiated some internal organizational changes in the state level and constituted state and district level core groups to coordinate and implement all SVEEP activities. The State Level Plans and District Level Plans are to be formulated for the whole year with intense sub plans for election period. The plans are to be in conformity with national framework, laid out by the Commission, but allowing for due flexibility and credibility at every level.

Collaborations:

  • The Election Commission collaborated with educational institutions and youth organizations like NYKS, NSS, NCC to particularly tap the new voters in the age group of 18-19yrs, promote greater awareness amongst youth and students about electoral process and to seek their assistance in facilitating voter registration.

 

 

 

What is the aim of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI)?

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Answer:

  • IRRI aims to reduce poverty and hunger, improve the health of rice farmers and consumers, and ensure environmental sustainability of rice farming.

Enrich Your Learning:

International Rice Research Institute (IRRI):

  • The Union Cabinet has approved establishment of International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) set up a regional centre International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), a global rice research institute.
  • It will be named as IRRI South Asia Regional Centre (ISARC) and will be set up at campus of National Seed Research and Training Centre (NSRTC) in Varanasi.
  • This Centre will be the first of its kind international Centre in the eastern India.

Key facts:

  • For setting up of the Centre, a Memorandum of Agreement (MoA) will be signed between Department of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare (DACFW) and IRRI, Philippines.
  • Under the proposal, a Centre of Excellence in Rice Value Addition (CERVA) will be set up in Varanasi. This will include a modern and sophisticated laboratory with capacity to determine quality and status of heavy metals in grain and straw.
  • The Centre will also undertake capacity building exercises for stakeholders across the rice value chain.

Benefits from ISARC:

  • The ISARC will help in utilizing the rich biodiversity of India to develop special rice varieties.
  • It will help India to achieve higher per hectare yields and improved nutritional contents.
  • Further it will help to address India’s food and nutritional security issues.
  • It will play a major role in harnessing and sustaining rice production in the region.
  • It is also expected to be a boon for food production and skill development in the eastern India and similar ecologies in other South Asian and African countries.
  • The Centre will support in adopting value chain based production system in the country. Thus, help to reduce wastage, add value to produce and generate higher income for the farmers.
  • The farmers in Eastern India will be main beneficiaries, besides those in South Asian and African countries.

About International Rice Research Institute (IRRI):

  • IRRI is an international agricultural research and training organization with headquarters in Los Baños, Philippines.
  • It was established in 1960 and has offices in 17 countries.
  • It is also the largest non-profit agricultural research centre in Asia.
  • IRRI is known for its work in developing high yielding rice varieties that contributed to the Green Revolution in the 1960s.
  • It advances its mission through collaborative research, partnerships, and the strengthening of the national agricultural research and extension systems of the countries IRRI works in.

 

 

 

Agricultural Census in India is carried out as a Central Sector Scheme. Right or Wrong?

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Answer: Wrong

Agricultural Census is carried out as a Central Sector Scheme under which 100% financial assistance is provided to States/Union Territories.

Enrich Your Learning:

Agricultural Census in India

  • Agricultural Census, which is conducted every five years in India.
  • It is the largest countrywide statistical operation undertaken by Ministry of Agriculture, for collection of data on structure of operational holdings by different size classes and social groups.
  • Primary (fresh data) and secondary (already published) data on structure of Indian agriculture are collected under this operation with the help of State Governments.
  • The first Agricultural Census in the country was conducted with reference year 1970-71.
  • Agricultural Census is carried out as a Central Sector Scheme under which 100% financial assistance is provided to States/Union Territories.
  • Agricultural Census operation is carried out in three phases.
  • During Phase-I, a list of all holdings with data on area, gender and social group of the holder is prepared with the help of listing schedule.
  • During Phase-II detailed data on tenancy, land use, irrigation status, area under different crops (irrigated and un-irrigated) are collected in holding schedule.
  • Phase-III, which is called as Input Survey, relates to collection of data of input use across various crops, States and size groups of holdings, in addition to data on agriculture credit, implements and machinery, livestock and seeds.

 

 

 

What are the latest measures approved by the cabinet to promote country’s Hydro Power Sector?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

  • The Union Cabinet has approved measures to promote the Hydro Power Sector, which include declaring Large Hydropower Projects (HPO) as part of non-solar Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO).

Some of the key measures approved by the cabinet:

  • Large Hydropower Projects to be declared as a renewable energy source. As per the existing practice, only hydropower projects less than 25MW are categorized as a renewable energy source.
  • HPO as a separate entity within non-solar renewable purchase obligation to cover large hydropower projects commissioned after notification of these measures. The small hydropower projects are already covered under the Non-Solar Renewable Purchase Obligation. 
  • The trajectory of annual HPO targets will be notified by Ministry of Power based on the projected capacity addition plans in hydropower sector and the necessary amendments will be introduced in the tariff policy and tariff regulations to operationalise HPO.
  • The tariff rationalisation measures include providing flexibility to the developers to determine tariff by backloading of tariff after increasing project life to 40 years, increasing debt repayment period to 18 years and introducing escalating tariff of 2 per cent.
  • They also include budgetary support for funding flood moderation component of hydropower projects on case to case basis.
  • They also include budgetary support for funding cost of enabling infrastructure that is roads and bridges on case to case basis as per actual, limited to Rs 1.5 crore per MW for upto 200 MW projects and Rs 1.0 crore per MW for above 200 MW projects.

 

 

 

The term ‘PCS1x’ was in news. What is it?

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Answer:

  • ‘PCS 1x’ is a cloud based new generation technology, with user-friendly interface.
  • This system seamlessly integrates 8 new stakeholders besides the 19 existing stakeholders from the maritime trade on a single platform.
  • The platform offers value added services such as notification engine, workflow, mobile application, track and trace, better user interface, better security features, improved inclusion by offering dashboard for those with no IT capability.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • Indian Ports Association (IPA), under the guidance of Ministry of Shipping launched the Port Community System ‘PCS1x’.
  • It is estimated that the single data point to all transactions alone will reduce 11/2 to 2 days in a life of transaction.

Features of ‘PCS 1x’

  • A unique feature of ‘PCS1x’ is that it can latch on to third party software which provides services to the maritime industry thereby enabling the stakeholders to access wide network of services.
  • The system enables single sign on facility to provide one stop interface to all the functionalities across all stakeholders.
  • The deployment of a world class state of the art payment aggregator solution which removes dependency on bank specific payment eco system.
  • This system will enable trade to have an improved communication with the customs as they have also embarked on an Application Programming Interface (API) based architecture, thereby enabling real time interaction.
  • This System offers a database that acts as a single data point to all transactions.

Benefits:

  • It is estimated that the single data point to all transactions alone will reduce 11/2 to 2 days in a life of transaction.
  • The application will have a cascading effect in reducing dwell time and overall cost of transaction.
  • The platform has the potential to revolutionize maritime trade in India and bring it at par with global best practices and pave the way to improve the Ease of Doing Business world ranking and Logistics Performance Index (LPI) ranks.
  • This system is also an initiative that supports green initiatives by reducing dependency on paper.
  • The web-based platform has been developed indigenously and is a part of the ‘Make in India’ and ‘Digital India’ initiative of the Prime Minister.

 

 

 

The Inclusive Development Index (IDI) is an annual assessment of 103 countries’ economic performance. Which SAARC countries are ahead of India in 2018 report?

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Solution:

  • Pakistan has been ranked 47, Sri Lanka is at 40, and Nepal at 22; Uganda (59) and Mali (60) are also higher on the index than India (62).

Enrich Your Learning:

  • The Inclusive Development Index (IDI) is an annual assessment of 103 countries’ economic performance that measures how countries perform on eleven dimensions of economic progress in addition to GDP.
  • It has 3 pillars; growth and development; inclusion and; intergenerational equity – sustainable stewardship of natural and financial resources.

Aim:

  • The IDI is a project of the World Economic Forum’s System Initiative on the Future of Economic Progress, which aims to inform and enable sustained and inclusive economic progress through deepened public-private cooperation through thought leadership and analysis

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Highlights:

  • India has been ranked 62 out of 74 emerging economies on a metric focussed on the living standards of people and future-proofing of economies by the WEF.
  • “The country performs best (44th) in terms of Intergenerational Equity and Sustainability, profiting from a low dependency ratio that is set to further decline as the economy reaps the dividends of an extremely young population (28 per cent of the Indian population was younger than 14 years in 2017).”
  • Though the incidence of poverty has declined in India over the past five years, six out of 10 Indians still live on less than $3.20 per day.
  • Both labour productivity and GDP per capita posted strong growth rates over the past five years, while employment growth has slowed.
  • Healthy life expectancy also increased by approximately three years to 59.6
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