Flash Cards

Day#46 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

"Act Far East" policy;‘Bishkek Declaration’; ANDREX (Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export) Project; Enforcement Directorate; Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999; Pollution Under Control or PUC certificate; etc.
By IASToppers
September 16, 2019



The people of India now have to give fine up to Rs 10,000 for which mandatory vehicular certificate?

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  • Pollution Under Control or PUC certificate

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PUC Certificate

  • It is Pollution Under Control (PUC) certificate for the vehicles.
  • The PUC certificate is a document that any person driving a motor vehicle can be asked to produce by a police officer in uniform authorised by the state government.
  • The authorised checking centres issue certificates if a vehicle is found complying with the prescribed emission norms.
  • The fine for PUC violations has now gone up to Rs 10,000. It used to be Rs 1,000 for the first offence and Rs 2,000 for subsequent violations before the amendments came into force.
  • The validity of the test is one year for BS-IV vehicles and three months for others.
  • The PUC certificate contains information such as vehicle’s license plate number, PUC test reading, the expiry date of certificate etc.



Which policy was announced by Indian PM during the 5th Eastern Economic Forum held in Russia?

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  • Act Far East Policy

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“Act Far East” policy

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the ‘Act Far East’ policy during the plenary session of the 5th Eastern Economic Forum in Vladivostok.
  • The policy aims to boost India’s engagement with Russia’s Far East region.
  • For the development of the Far East, India will give a line of credit worth $1 billion.

Significance of the policy

  • The Far East region is currently dominated by China.
  • In many ways, India’s presence and involvement in sparsely populated Russian Far East as part of its Indo-Pacific strategy will balance Chinese presence in this region of Russia on the Pacific coast.
  • India has invested in oil fields in the Far East and plans to invest more as part of the roadmap and joint development of oil fields.
  • The two countries are looking at collaborating in sectors such as diamond-processing, rare earths, petroleum and natural gas, agriculture, timber, tourism and infrastructure.


  • President Putin has the vision of welfare for the Far East and declared Russian Far East a ‘national priority for 21st century’.
  • India’s connection to Russia’s the Far East go back a long way.
  • India was the first country to open a Consulate in Vladivostok.

Key Facts

  • Mr Modi is the first Indian prime minister to visit the Russian Far East
  • He was the Chief Guest at the Eastern Economic Forum



Which investigation agency is responsible for the enforcement of the FEMA Act 1999?

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  • Enforcement Directorate (ED)

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Enforcement Directorate: Specialized financial investigation agency

  • The Enforcement Directorate (ED) was established in the year 1956. Its Headquarters is situated at New Delhi.
  • It is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agencyresponsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.
  • It is responsible for enforcement of the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA)and certain provisions under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA).
  • Before FEMA became effective (1 June 2000), the Directorate enforced regulations under the Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1973.
  • The Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance has the administrative control of ED.
  • Its legislation and its amendments are within the purview of the Department of Economic Affairs.
  • There are five Regional offices at Mumbai, Chennai, Chandigarh, Kolkata and Delhi headed by Special Directors of Enforcement.



Which project seeks to assess the role of Weddell gyre in the Antarctic region?

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  • ANDREX project

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ANDREX Project

  • It stands for Antarctic Deep Water Rates of Export.
  • It seeks to assess and find the role of Weddell gyre in the following matters:
  1. in driving the southern closure of the meridional overturning circulation
  2. in ventilating the deep global ocean
  3. in sequestering carbon and nutrients in the global ocean abyss.
  • To do this, the ANDREX team, a group of German collaborators and US collaborators set out to obtain measurements of hydrography, velocity and a range of ventilation tracers and biogeochemical substances along the Weddell gyre’s rim.
  • The measurements will be taken from 3 sections:
  1. The US CLIVAR section (between South Africa and Antarctica)
  2. The ANDREX section (along the gyre’s northern edge)
  3. The tip of the Antarctic Peninsula
  • The project will use a combination of inverse estimation techniques and tracer and biogeochemical analyses.
  • The ANDREX team encompasses scientists from UK, Germany and USA.
  • The ANDREX project is funded by the UK’s Antarctic Funding Initiative (AFI).



What is the ‘Bishkek Declaration’ all about?

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Bishkek declaration is multilateral negotiations on an international convention aimed at combating acts of chemical and biological terrorism at the Conference on Disarmament.

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‘Bishkek Declaration’

  • Bishkek Declaration was issued at 19th annual summit of Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) held in Bishkek, capital of Kyrgyzstan.
  • It was launched as multilateral negotiations on an international convention aimed at combating acts of chemical and biological terrorism at the Conference on Disarmament.
  • As per the declaration, interfering in other countries’ domestic affairs under the pretext of fighting terrorism and extremism as well as using terrorist, extremist and radical groups to achieve one’s own mercenary ends is unacceptable.
  • It is a priority to step up the international community’s joint efforts to counter the attempts to involve young people in the activities of terrorist, separatist and extremist groups.
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