- CBI functions under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
Enrich Your Learning:
- The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) is the premier investigating agencyand security service of India. CBI is the chief investigating agency of the Central Government.
- It functions under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
- The CBI is headed by the Cabinet Minister who reports directly to the Prime Minister.
- It was in the year 1962-1964 that the foundation of the CBI was recommended by the Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption.
- CBI is not a statutory body.
- It advances its powers from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.
- It plays a significant role in preventing corruption and sustaining integrity in administration.
- Assistance to the Central Vigilance Commission is also provided by CBI.
- The agency has been known to investigate several economic crimes, special crimes, cases of corruption and other high profile cases.
- The CBI is headed by a Director.
- He is assisted by a Special Director or an Additional Director.
- Moreover, it has a number of joint directors, deputy inspector generals, superintendents of police and all other usual ranks of police personnel.
- The responsibility of the administration of the organisation is shouldered on the Director of CBI as Inspector-General of Police, Delhi Special Police Establishment.
- With the enactment of CVC Act, 2003, the superintendence of Delhi Special Police Establishment vests with the Central Government save investigations of offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988, in which, the superintendence vests with the Central Vigilance Commission.
- The Director of CBI has been provided security of two-year tenure in office by the CVC Act, 2003.
- The modified Delhi Special Police Establishment Act authorises a committee to appoint the director of CBI.
The committee comprises of the following people:
- Prime Minister – chairperson
- Leader of Opposition – member
- Chief Justice of India or a Supreme Court Judge recommended by the Chief Justice – member
When making recommendations, the committee reflects the views of the outgoing director.
CBI may investigate following cases:
- Cases which are fundamentally against Central Govt. employees or regarding affairs of the Central Govt.
- Cases in which the financial benefits of the Central Government are involved.
- Cases concerning to the breaks of Central Laws with the enforcement of which the Government of India is mostly concerned.
- Major cases of fraud, cheating, embezzlement and the like concerning to companies in which large funds are tangled and similar other cases when committed by organised gangs or professional criminals having effects in several States.
- Cases having interstate and international consequences and involving several official agencies where, from wholly angles, it is considered necessary that a single investigating agency should be incharge of the investigation.