FC-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-48
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#48 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Sariska Tiger Reserve; Syria; Legal Information Management and Briefing System (LIMBS); ‘Aichi Targets’; Mekedatu dispute; Krem Puri; Draft National Indicator Framework; ‘Wings 2018: World of India’s Girls’; Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI); Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme;
By IT's Core Team
May 08, 2019

 

 

 

What are the features of the Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme for MSME?

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Answer:

About Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme:

  • A Market Development Assistance Scheme is operated by the Ministry of Commerce.
  • It aims to encourage exporters (including MSME exporters) to access and develop overseas markets.
  • The scheme offers funding for participation in international fairs, study tours abroad, trade delegations, publicity, etc.
  • In this scheme the Export Promotion Council (EPCs) are also assisted to undertake export promotion activities for their product(s) and commodities.
  • Direct assistance under MDA for small- scale units is given for individual sales-cum-study tours, participation in fairs/exhibitions and publicity.
  • SIDBI operates a scheme of direct assistance for financing activities relating to marketing of MSME products.
  • The scheme shall be implemented by the Export Promotion and Marketing Division of the Office of DC (MSME).
  • The Office of DC (MSME) has an existing scheme for participation in international fairs, whereby MSME entrepreneurs are encouraged to display their products at international exhibitions abroad.
  • MSME-DO provides exhibition space and shipment of exhibits ex-Mumbai free of cost for this purpose.

Objectives:

  • To encourage Small & Micro exporters in their efforts at tapping and developing overseas markets.
  • To increase participation of representatives of small/ micro manufacturing enterprises under MSME India stall at International Trade Fairs/ Exhibitions.
  • To enhance export from the small/ micro manufacturing enterprises
  • To popularise the adoption of Bar Coding on a large scale.

Activities of the scheme:

  • Assist exporters for export promotion activities abroad
  • Assist Export Promotion Councils (EPCs) to undertake export promotion activities for their product(s) and commodities
  • Assist approved organizations/trade bodies in undertaking exclusive nonrecurring innovative activities connected with export promotion efforts for their members
  • Assist Focus export promotion programmes in specific regions abroad like FOCUS (LAC), Focus (Africa), Focus (CIS) and Focus (ASEAN + 2) programmes.
  • Residual essential activities connected with marketing promotion efforts abroad.

Funding provided by the scheme:

The scheme offers funding for:

  • Participation by manufacturing Small & Micro Enterprises in International Trade Fairs/ Exhibitions under MSME India stall.
  • Sector specific market studies by Industry Associations/ Export Promotion Councils/ Federation of Indian Export Organisation.
  • Initiating/ contesting anti-dumping cases by MSME Associations and
  • Reimbursement of 75% of one-time registration fee (w.e.f. 1st January 2002) and 75% of annual fees (recurring) (w.e.f. 1st June 2007) paid to GSI (Formerly EAN India) by Small & Micro units for the first three years for bar code.

 

 

 

What are the functions of Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)?

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Answer:

About Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI):

  • The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) is a statutory body set up by the Government of India under section 3 of the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Act, 1997.
  • It is the regulator of the telecommunications sector in India.
  • It consists of a Chairperson and not more than two full-time members and not more than two part-time members.
  • TRAI is administered through a Secretariat headed by a secretary.
  • All proposals are processed by the secretary, who organizes the agenda for Authority meetings.
  • The secretary is assisted by advisors.
  • These include Mobile Network, Interconnection and Fixed Network, Broadband and Policy Analysis, Quality of Service, Broadcasting & Cable Services, Economic Regulation, Financial Analysis & IFA, Legal, Consumer Affairs & International Relation and Administration & Personnel.
  • Officers are selected from the premier Indian Telecommunications Service and also from the Indian Administrative Service.
  • The TRAI Act was amended by an ordinance, effective from 24 January 2000, establishing a Telecommunications Dispute Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) to take over the adjudicatory and disputes functions from TRAI.
  • TDSAT was set up to adjudicate any dispute between a licensor and a licensee, between two or more service providers, between a service provider and a group of consumers, and to hear and dispose of appeals against any direction, decision or order of TRAI.

Functions:

  • To regulate telecom services, including fixation/revision of tariffs for telecom services which were earlier vested in the Central Government.
  • To provide a fair and transparent policy environment which promotes a level playing field and facilitates fair competition.
  • To create and nurture conditions for growth of telecommunications in the country in a manner and at a pace which will enable India to play a leading role in emerging global information society.
  • To deal with issues coming before it and provided the required direction.
  • To evolve of Indian telecom market from a Government owned monopoly to a multi operator multi service open competitive market.

 

 

 

The survey ‘Wings 2018: World of India’s Girls’ was conducted by?

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Answer:

  • Wings 2018: World of India’s Girls is a report published by “Save The Children”, a leading child rights NGO, in India.
  • The study included surveys with more than 4,000 adolescent girls and boys in India as well as 800 parents of adolescent girls, which was conducted across six states, 30 cities and 84 villages in 12 districts of Delhi-NCR, Maharashtra, Telangana, West Bengal, Assam and Madhya Pradesh.

Highlights of ‘Wings 2018: World of India’s Girls’ survey:

  • WINGS 2018: World of India’s Girls is a study on the perception of girls’ safety in public spaces.
  • According to the survey, one in three adolescent girls in India is concerned about sexual harassment in public places while one in five fears physical assault, even rape.
  • More than two-thirds of adolescent girls from urban and rural areas said they would confide in their mother if they face harassment in a public space.
  • Nearly two out of five said that if their parents found out about an incident of harassment in a public space, they would restrict their movement outside of home.

About Save the Children:

  • Save the Children is a global non-profit organisation which was founded in the year 1919.
  • It works across 20 states of India.
  • It focusses on issues related to education, health, protection of children and humanitarian work — especially for the most deprived and marginalized children.

 

 

 

What is Draft National Indicator Framework?

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Answer:

  • The draft national indicator framework is meant for monitoring SDGs.

Background:

  • The United Nations had in September 2015 adopted a new set of SDGs for the next 15 years, i.e., up to 2030.
  • In all, there are 17 goals containing 169 targets, which are common for all member countries and are being implemented since January 1, 2016.

About Draft National Indicator Framework:

  • The Government of India is working out to draft the framework for the indicators to measure the progress towards the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
  • The Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), has been assigned with the task for the development of measurement framework for tracking / monitoring the progress of nationally defined Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and associated targets with the support of the Ministries/Departments implementing various targets.
  • It is aimed at improving the global economic, social and environment situation.
  • The Development Monitoring and Evaluation Office in the NITI Aayog is expected to identify the targets and assign them to nodal Ministries for implementation.
  • Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (Mospi) that has trained statisticians collates data.
  • The monitoring would be started later in 2018 and a report likely at the end of 2019.

Why in news?

  • In July 2018, the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation has asked for the comments / suggestions / modification on initial Draft National Indicator Framework for Sustainable Development Goals as prepared MoSPI based on the inputs received from Ministries / Departments.

 

 

 

Krem Puri was recently in news? What do you know about it?

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Answer:

About Krem Puri:

  • Krem Puri is the world’s longest sandstone cave has been discovered in Meghalaya.
  • The cave at 24.5km, almost three times the height of Mount Everest.
  • Setting a world record at 24,583-metre (24.5km) it is 6,000-metre longer than previous record holder, Venezuela’s Cueva Del Saman 18,200-metre (18.2km) long quartzite sandstone cave in Edo Zulia.
  • While the cave had been discovered two years back in 2016, but the complex maze of passages and corridors inside was explored in 2018.
  • Dinosaur fossils and complex mazes are found inside the cave.
  • It is situated near the village of Laitsohum in the Mawsynram of East Khasi Hills district.
  • It has been named Krem Puri, which means “fairy cave” in the local Khasi language.
  • Not only is the cave rich in flora and fauna such as frogs, fish, spiders and bats, but dinosaur fossils, especially of a giant aquatic carnivorous reptile Mosasaurus that lived 66-76 million years ago, have been found.
  • The sandstone cave has reportedly also been named India’s second longest cave in the general category after the limestone Krem Liat Prah-Umim-Labit system, which measures a little over 31km in Jaintia Hills in Meghalaya.
  • There are whereabouts of more than 1,650 caves and cave locations in Meghalaya, of which over 1,000 have been explored or partially explored.
  • According to official data, the northeastern state has 491km of surveyed caves and many more are waiting to be discovered.

 

 

 

What is Mekedatu dispute?

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Answer:

About Mekedatu dispute:

  • Mekedatu is a location along Kaveri in Kanakapura Taluk of Ramanagara District of Karnataka.
  • Karnataka wants a reservoir across Cauvery at Mekedatu, to meet Bengaluru’s water problem.
  • It was first proposed along with Shivanasamudra hydro power project at Shimsa in 2003 with an intention to use the water for a hydro power station and supply drinking water to Bengaluru city.
  • Tamil Nadu objected saying Karnataka had not sought prior permission for the project.
  • Its argument was that the project would affect the flow of Cauvery water to Tamil Nadu.
  • Tamil Nadu adopted a resolution urging the Centre to stop Karnataka from going ahead with the project.

 

 

 

Sariska Tiger Reserve is located in which Indian state?

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Answer:

About Sariska Tiger Reserve:

  • It is the national park and tiger reserve located in the Alwar district of the state of Rajasthan, India.
  • This area was a hunting preserve of the Alwar state and it was declared a wildlife reserve in 1955.
  • It was given the status of a tiger reserve making it a part of India’s Project Tiger in 1978.
  • The topography of the protected area comprises scrub-thorn arid forests, rocky landscapes, dry deciduous forests, rocks, grasses and hilly cliffs.
  • It is the first reserve in the world to have successfully relocated tigers.

 

 

 

What are ‘Aichi Targets’?

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Answer:

About ‘Aichi Targets’:

  • Aichi Biodiversity Targets are five strategic goals and 20 ambitious targets toward the conservation of biodiversity.
  • The ‘Aichi Target’ was adopted by the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) at its Nagoya conference.
  • Their purpose is to inspire broad-based action in support of biodiversity over this decade (2011-2020) by all countries and stakeholders promoting the coherent and effective implementation of the three objectives of the Convention on Biological Diversity.

These CBD objectives are:

  • conservation of biodiversity;
  • sustainable use of biodiversity;
  • fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources.

Five strategic goals of Aichi Target are:

  • Address the underlying causes of biodiversity loss by mainstreaming biodiversity across government and society
  • Reduce the direct pressures on biodiversity and promote sustainable use
  • To improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species and genetic diversity
  • Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem services
  • Enhance implementation through participatory planning, knowledge management and capacity building

20 targets are:

  • Make people aware about the values of biodiversity
  • Integrated biodiversity values in development and poverty reduction plan
  • Subsidies which are harmful to biodiversity to be eliminated, phase them out or reform them
  • Sustainable production and consumption.
  • Reduce the rate of natural habitat loss and forest loss by at least 50%
  • Reduce overfishing
  • Agriculture, aquaculture and forestry in sustainable manner
  • Reduce pollution and excessive use of fertiliser
  • Prevent invasive alien species (non-native)
  • Minimise the choral reflow destruction, ocean acidification
  • Conserve terrestrial and inland water, coastal – marine areas
  • Prevent extinction of threatened species
  • Maintain genetic diversity of agro-plants, domesticated animals and minimising genetic erosion
  • Safeguard ecosystems for women, tribals, and poor.
  • Combat desertification and restore the degraded ecosystem
  • Operationalise the nagoya protocol on genetic resources, via national legislations
  • National biodiversity strategy and action plans – update for participation
  • Integrate the knowledge of tribal communities
  • Scientific and technological knowledge sharing application
  • Financial resources mobilisation.

 

 

 

What is Legal Information Management and Briefing System (LIMBS)? Why was it in news?

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Answer:

Why was it in news?

  • The Union Law ministry in June 2018, has submitted a proposal to the cabinet seeking the creation of integrated legal divisions (ILDs) in all government ministries and departments that will give day-to-day legal advice, legal affairs.
  • Over the last one year, there has been an unprecedented 100 per cent jump in the cases involving the central government – swamping the courts and raising an alarm in legal circles.
  • As per Legal Information Management and Briefing System (LIMBS), the central government is a party in 2,71,861 lawsuits across the country.
  • In June 2017, last year the figure stood at 1,35,060 – almost half.

About Legal Information Management and Briefing System(LIMBS):

  • LIMBS is an online database of government related litigation with details of 2.91 lakh cases.
  • It was launched in 2016 and aims to eventually bring information on all government-related cases to the database and enable their tracking.
  • The integrated legal divisions (ILDs) will have legal advisers and drafting counsels.
  • LIMBS is in line with PM’s Digital India Mission with an aim to digitalize the entire process of court cases for their persuasive monitoring.
  • Ministry of Law and Justice envisaged a vision of digitizing court cases, interoperability of data among various applications and promoting ease of government business through LIMBS.
  • It is a web-based application having unified database to digitalize all court cases where Government of India is one of the respondents.
  • To ensure seamless flow of information, LIMBS promulgates collaborative approach to bring all the different stakeholders viz. officials of ministries, nodal officers, advocates, arbitrators, claimant, respondents and etc. on a common platform with an aim to avoid duplicity of content.
  • It allows to enter court case details of all types of courts viz. Supreme Court, High Court, Tribunals, District and Session Courts etc. to easily access all information from one unified database.
  • It provides complete solution to Arbitration cases right from registration of claimant, uploading the claim, capturing information about daily proceedings etc.
  • To ease the administration from the fear of not attending the court case, LIMBS sends system generated SMS alerts to the concerned officials and advocate in advance.
  • Digitization and powerful search utility enables LIMBS to provide desired piece of information in shortest possible time.
  • It also deals with contempt cases, LIMBS assign highest priority to such cases which may cause unfavourable conditions for higher officials.
  • It also allows advocates to access the entire information about their court cases
  • LIMBS is hosted on NIC cloud server and it is available online 24×7.
  • It brings the entire litigation process to an online platform and thus reduce the dependency on physical file.

 

 

 

Give the location of Syria.

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Answer:

Location:

  • The Syrian Arab Republic is a country in Western Asia.
  • Syria lies between latitudes 32° and 38° N, and longitudes 35° and 43° E.

1

  • It is bordered by:
    • Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west,
    • Turkey to the north,
    • Iraq to the east,
    • Jordan to the south, and
    • Israel to the southwest.
  • Syria’s capital and largest city is Damascus.

Other facts:

  • Syria is a country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts.
  • It consists mostly of arid plateau, although the northwest part of the country bordering the Mediterranean is fairly green.
  • Its land straddles the northwest of the Arabian plate.
  • It is home to diverse ethnic and religious groups, including Syrian Arabs, Greeks, Armenians, Assyrians, Kurds, Circassians, Mandeans and Turks.
  • Religious groups include Sunnis, Christians, Alawites, Druze, Isma’ilis, Mandeans, Shiites, Salafis, Yazidis, and Jews.
  • Sunni make up the largest religious group in Syria.
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