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Day#49 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Red and Black painted pottery of Indus Valley civilisation; ‘Navtej Johar’ Judgement; Location of Bahama; Location of Caribbean; ‘Day Zero’ initiative; ‘Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT)’;
By IASToppers
September 19, 2019

 

 

 

‘Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT)’ was launched by which international organisation?

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Answer:

‘Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT)’ was launched by International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) to solve the cancer crisis in developing countries.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT)’

  • The Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (PACT) was created by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 2004 in response to the growing cancer crisis in developing countries.
  • The Agency works closely with WHO, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) and many others to build a coalition of global partners committed to addressing the challenge of cancer in low and middle income IAEA Member States.
  • PACE raises cancer awareness, assess needs, develop demonstration projects and attract donors.

Objective:

  • To help developing countries build a comprehensive, sustainable cancer control programme integrating prevention, screening, treatment and palliative care.
  • To ensure the integration of radiotherapy in comprehensive cancer control.

 

 

 

‘Day Zero’ initiative is associated with to manage which essential resource?

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Answer:

‘Day Zero’ initiative by City of Cape Town to focus everyone’s attention on managing water consumption.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Day Zero’

  • The City of Cape Town has introduced the idea of Day Zero to focus everyone’s attention on managing water consumption.
  • Day Zero is when most of the city’s taps will be switched off
  • It will be the start of active water rationing. As far as possible, drinking water will continue to be supplied to some critical areas.
  • Water will be cut off to residential taps and large numbers of households and businesses will be unable to access drinking water in their homes and places of work.
  • People will be forced to go to collection sites across the city to fetch water.
  • This is relatively a simple model to manage water in an effort to move circumstances from a critical zone, and potential failure to a position where the risk of running out of water is greatly reduced.

 

 

 

What do you know about the Red and Black painted pottery found in Indus Valley civilisation?

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Answer & Enrich Your Learning:

Red and Black pottery

  • The Indus Valley pottery consists chiefly of very fine wheel-made wares, very few being hand-made.
  • The painted pottery is known as Red and Black pottery as it used red colour to paint the background and glossy black paint was used to draw designs and figures on the red background.
  • decorations consist of horizontal lines of varied thickness, scales, chequers and leaf patterns.
  • Trees, birds, animal figures and geometrical patterns were the recurring themes of the paintings.
  • The black and Red ware pottery has been found at the highest levels of the Saurashtrian Indus site. The characteristic Harappan types found in the red ware in Rangpur.
  • The Black-and-Red Ware was the result of a variation in the techniques of firing of a major ceramic industry of the site.

 

 

 

The Bahamas and Caribbean region lie in which ocean?

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Answer:

Both the Bahamas and Caribbean region lies in Northern Atlantic Ocean.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Bahama

  • The Bahamas is a country in the north-western West Indies. National capital is Nassau.
  • It is located south-east of the coast of Florida (USA) and north of Cuba.
  • Technically the location of the Bahamas is in the North Atlantic Ocean, and not in the Caribbean, yet sometimes the Bahamas are encompassed as being islands of the Caribbean.
  • The Bahamas does not share land borders with any countries. It shares maritime borders with: Cuba, Haiti, the United States, and Turks and Caicos Islands (UK).
  • A significant percentage of those islands are technically cays, or coral reef islands, and most are uninhabited.

Location of Bahama

Location of Caribbean

  • The Caribbean is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, many islands, and the surrounding coasts.
  • It is located at southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.
  • There are more than 7,000 different Caribbean islands, islets, reefs and cays, but only about 2% of them are inhabited.
  • Caribbean islands can be put into two larger groups – the Greater Antilles of the north, and the Lesser Antilles in the southeast.
  • There are 13 independent island countries within the Caribbean region. The Caribbean islands contain many diverse ecosystems, from forest jungles to bushy grasslands.

Location of Caribbean

 

 

 

Navtej Johar’ Judgement, given by the Supreme Court of India constitutionalised which section of Indian Penal Code?

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Answer:

Navtej Johar’ Judgement, given by the Supreme Court of India declared Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code unconstitutional as the law criminalise homosexual acts as an “unnatural offence” which is violation of fundamental rights guaranteed by Indian Constitution.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Navtej Johar’ Judgement

  • Navtej Singh Johar vs Union of India case led to a landmark decision by the Supreme Court of India in 2018 that decriminalised all consensual sex among adults in private, including homosexual sex.
  • The Supreme Court of India determined constitutionality of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, a colonial-era law which, among other things, criminalised homosexual acts as an “unnatural offence”.
  • On 6 September 2018, the court unanimously declared the law unconstitutional “in so far as it criminalises consensual sexual conduct between adults of the same sex”.
  • The court found that the criminalisation of sexual acts between consenting adults violated the right to equality guaranteed by the Constitution of India.
  • The judgement also made note that LGBT community is entitled to equal citizenship and protection under law, without discrimination. The verdict was hailed as a landmark decision for LGBT rights in India.
  • Portions of Section 377 relating to sex with minors, non-consensual sexual acts such as rape, and bestiality remain in force.

Background:

  • A writ petition was filed by five people in the Supreme Court challenging the constitutionality of Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code.
  • The petitioners were dancer Navtej Singh Johar, journalist Sunil Mehra, chef Ritu Dalmia, hoteliers Aman Nath and Keshav Suri, and businesswoman Ayesha Kapur.
  • The petitioners argued that Section 377 is alleging that it directly violates fundamental rights.
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