Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-5
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#5 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe; Happiness Curriculum’; “Technology Challenge”; Parliamentary privilege; Minimum Support Price (MSP); Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers; Global Slavery Index 2018; Behdienkhlam Festival; National mission for manuscripts (NMM);Meghalayan Age;
By IT's Core Team
March 27, 2019

 

 

 

What are the objectives of NASA’s Parker Solar Probe?

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Answer:

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe will be the first-ever mission to “touch” the sun.

Objectives:

  • To trace how energy and heat move through the solar corona and
  • To explore what accelerates the solar wind as well as solar energetic particles.

NASA’s Parker Solar Probe iastoppers

Goals:

  • Determine structure and dynamics of magnetic fields at sources of solar wind.
  • Trace flow of energy that heats corona and accelerates solar wind.
  • Determine what mechanisms accelerate and transport energetic particles.
  • Explore dusty plasma near Sun and its influence on solar wind and energetic particle formation.

Key facts about the probe:

  • The spacecraft, about the size of a small car, will travel directly into the sun’s atmosphere about 6.2 million miles from our star’s surface.
  • It is scheduled for launch in 2018 to explore the Sun’s outer atmosphere.
  • The probe will use Venus’ gravity during seven flybys over nearly seven years to gradually bring its orbit closer to the Sun.
  • The Parker Solar Probe will perform its scientific investigations in a hazardous region of intense heat and solar radiation.
  • The primary power for mission is dual system of solar panels (photovoltaic array). Secondary source consists of much smaller secondary array power that uses pumped-fluid cooling to maintain operating temperature

 

 

 

In July 2018, Scientists at International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) have created a new phase in Earth’s geological history and named it Meghalayan age. What do you know more about the Meghalayan Age?

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Answer:

  • The Meghalayan Age began with a mega global drought that devastated ancient agricultural civilisations from Egypt to China.
  • It is part of a longer period known as the Holocene Epoch, which reflects everything that has happened over the past 11,700 years.
  • Evidence of the climatic event has been found in sediments on all seven continents, including those from Meghalaya.

Why Meghalayan is unique?

  • The Meghalayan is unique because it is the first interval in Earth’s geological history that coincided with a major cultural event, as agricultural societies struggled to recover from the shift in climate.
  • The droughts over a 200-year period resulted in human migrations in Egypt, Greece, Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia, the Indus valley and the Yangtze river valley

 

 

 

What do you know about the National mission for manuscripts (NMM)?

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Answer:

  • National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM), a Mission mode Project, was launched in 2013 by the Ministry of Culture for documentation, conservation, preservation and digitization of manuscripts.
  • The ultimate object of the Mission is to establish a Digital Manuscripts Repository at IGNCA in which researchers and scholars can view and consult the manuscripts to understand our past in its totality.
  • The manuscripts documented and digitized by the NMM will be made available to researcher and scholars through a Trusted Digital Repository.

 

 

 

Where is the Behdienkhlam Festival celebrated in India?

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Answer:

  • Behdienkhlam, one of the most colourful festivals of the State, was celebrated in the Jaintia Hills, Meghalaya.
  • The Behdienkhlam literally means driving away the plague as “Khlam” means ‘Plague’ and “Beh Dein” means to drive away the plague.
  • The non-Christian ‘Pnar’ people who believe either in the traditional faith of ‘Niamtre’ or Hinduism observe this festival.
  • It is the ritualistic expression of the relentless struggle of mankind to overcome the destructive forces of nature, including diseases, since the dawn of civilization.
  • This festival is also an invocation to God seeking blessings for a good harvest. Women offer sacrificial food to the spirits of the ancestors.
  • Most popular festival of the Jaintia tribe, Behdienkhlam is celebrated in the month of July for good health, property and bumper harvest.
  • The festival witnessed a colourful display of 12 rots or ‘rath’ at the sacred pool ‘Aitnar’.
  • The festival ends with a final salutation to the divine powers when the women of the tribe offer sacrificial food to their almighty. The festival is also known as the festival for chasing away the Demon of Cholera.
  • The festival is celebrated around the same time “Rath Yatra” is celebrated in other parts of eastern India.

 

 

Global Slavery Index 2018 was published by whom?

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Answer:

  • Global slavery Index 2018 was published by the Australia-based human rights group Walk Free Foundation.
  • The estimation data were drawn from 54 surveys conducted in 48 countries which included a module on Modern Slavery, with a total sample of 71,158 individual interviews.

India’s performance:

  • Among 167 countries, India ranked 53. However, in absolute numbers, India topped the list on prevalence.
  • In terms of prevalence, there were 6.1 victims for every thousand people.
  • The report estimates that on any given day in 2016 there were nearly 8 million people living in modern slavery in India.

 

 

 

Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers were recently in news. Why?

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Answer:

  • BSE (Bombay Stock Exchange) has secured image trademark for its iconic building, Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers located on Dalal Street in Mumbai.
  • With this, Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers joins elite club of distinguished structures around the world that have secured trademark rights.
  • Henceforth no one can use images of the Phiroze Jeejeebhoy Towers for commercial purposes without consent from BSE or paying it licensing fee. Violators are liable to be prosecuted under Trade Marks Act, 1999.

Background:

  • BSE was founded in 1875. It began as small group of brokers who functioned under a banyan tree on Dalal Street.
  • After 143 years, Dalal Street is identified by BSE’s iconic building. The 28 floored building took almost 10 years to build and was finally completed in 1980.
  • At the time of its completion, it was the tallest building in the country.
  • Initially known as BSE Towers, the building was soon renamed after the late chairman of BSE, Sir Phiroze Jamshedji Jeejeebhoy.

 

 

 

What is Minimum Support Price (MSP)?

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Answer:

  • MSP is form of agricultural market intervention undertaken by Central Government in order to insure agricultural producers are protected against any sharp fall in farm prices.
  • It is announced for certain crops by Government prior to the sowing season.
  • Its purpose is to incentivize cultivators to adopt modern technology and raise productivity and overall production in line with the emerging demand patterns in the country.
  • The prices are decided by CCEA on the basis of recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).

 

 

 

What is parliamentary privilege? Are these parliamentary privileges defined under law?

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Answer:

Parliamentary privilege refers to rights and immunities enjoyed by Parliament as an institution and MPs in their individual capacity, without which they cannot discharge their functions as entrusted upon them by the Constitution.

  • According to the Constitution, the powers, privileges and immunities of Parliament and MP’s are to be defined by Parliament.
  • No law has so far been enacted in this respect. In the absence of any such law, it continues to be governed by British Parliamentary conventions.
  • Rule No 222 in Chapter 20 of the Lok Sabha Rule Book and correspondingly Rule 187 in Chapter 16 of the Rajya Sabha rulebook governs privilege. It says that a member may, with the consent of the Speaker or the Chairperson, raise a question involving a breach of privilege either of a member or of the House or of a committee thereof.
  • The rules however mandate that any notice should be relating to an incident of recent occurrence and should need the intervention of the House. Notices have to be given before 10 am to the Speaker or the Chairperson

 

 

 

Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched a “Technology Challenge” for which objective?

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Answer:

  • With an aim of eliminating human entry into septic tanks and drains for cleaning, the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched a “Technology Challenge: Identifying solutions for cleaning of sewerage systems and septic tanks” seeking suitable solutions from individuals and NGOs.

About the challenge:

  • The challenge will be a part of the Mahatma Gandhi International Sanitation Convention to be held on 2 October, will remain open till 14 August.
  • Elimination of human entry into sewer drains and cleaning of the septic tank is the ultimate goal of this challenge.
  • Proposals have been invited by the ministry from interested innovators, individuals, consortium partners, companies, academic institutions, research and development centers, NGOs and municipal bodies to provide innovative technical solutions which eliminate the need for human entry into septic tanks and sewers.
  • The ‘technology challenge’ will be conducted for two separate categories — ‘Technological solutions for cleaning and maintenance of sewerage systems that eliminate need for human entry’ and ‘Technological solutions for cleaning and maintenance of septic tanks that eliminate need for human entry’.

 

 

‘Happiness Curriculum’ is a curriculum for students of nursery to Class 8 in government schools. It was launched by which state government?

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Answer:

The Delhi government launched ‘Happiness Curriculum’ for students of nursery to Class 8 in government schools.

What is ‘Happiness Curriculum’?

  • The Happiness Curriculum focuses on holistic education by including meditation, value education, and mental exercises in conventional education curriculum.
  • It involves ‘Happiness’ period of 45 minutes for all students studying in nursery up to class VIII at all Delhi government schools. Each class will begin with 5 minute meditation practice.
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70 Days Prelims Flash Cards 2019
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