Flash Cards

Day#51 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Pulikkali; MERCOSUR; ‘Man-Portable Antitank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM)’; Location of Ireland; Location of Switzerland; ‘Part XVII’ of the Constitution of India;
By IASToppers
September 21, 2019

 

 

 

Part XVII of the Constitution comprises of which Articles? It deals with which matter?

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Answer:

Part XVII of the Constitution comprising Articles 343 to 351 deals with the official language of the Indian union.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Part XVII’ of the Constitution of India

  • Part XVII of the Constitution comprising Articles 343 to 351 deals with the official language of the Indian union which consists of four chapters.
  • The four chapters are:
    • Language of the Union
    • Regional languages
    • Language of the judiciary and texts of laws
    • Special Directives
  1. Language of the Union
  • Hindi written in Devanagari script is accepted to be the official language of the Union.
  1. Regional languages
  • The Constitution does not specify the official language of different states. But the provisions say that legislature of a state may adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the state or Hindi as the official language of that state.
  • Link language for communications between the Union and the states or between various states would remain the same official language of the Union.
  1. Language of the judiciary and texts of laws
  • All proceedings in the Supreme Court and in every high court; and authoritative texts of all bills, acts, ordinances, orders, rules, regulations and bye-laws at the Central and state levels are to be in English till the changes made by parliament.
  1. Special Derivatives
  • Some special directives are confined into this chapter to protect the interests of linguistic minorities and to promote the development of Hindi language.

 

 

 

Ireland is surrounded by sea while the Switzerland is surrounded by land. True or False?

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Answer:

True.

Ireland as a whole is surrounded by water in Atlantic Ocean while Switzerland is a landlocked country.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Ireland

  • The Republic of Ireland is located in Northern Europe and North Atlantic Ocean.
  • Ireland shares land borders with only one country, United Kingdom.
  • It is bounded on the north by the North Channel of Atlantic Ocean, which separates it from Scotland.
  • On the northeast by Northern Ireland; and on the east and southeast by the Irish Sea and St. George’s Channel, which separate it from England and Wales.
  • To the west from north to south, the coast is washed by the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Capital city of Ireland is Dublin.

Capital city of Ireland is Dublin.1

Location of Nigeria

Location of Switzerland

  • Switzerland is a country located in Western Europe. Bern is the capital of Switzerland.
  • Switzerland shares land borders with 5 countries: Liechtenstein, Germany, Austria, Italy, France.
  • Swiss territory is geographically divided between the Alps, the Central Plateau and the Jura mountains.
  • The two global cities and economic centres of Europe, Zurich and Geneva, are located in Switzerland. It is one of the richest countries in the world.

Switzerland1

Switzerland iastoppers

 

 

 

 

Does India have Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM) system technology?

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Answer:

Yes. India does. India recently got successfully tested indigenously developed low weight, fire and forget MPATGM in the ranges of Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Man-Portable Antitank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM)’

  • Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MP-ATGM) system are shoulder-launched anti-tank rockets.
  • It is an Indian third-generation Anti-tank guided missile derived from the Nag missile.
  • It is a low weight, fire-and-forget Man Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM).
  • They are typically unguided weapons and are a threat to armoured vehicles, low-flying aircraft, and field fortifications.

News:

  • Recently, DRDO successfully flight tested indigenously developed low weight, fire and forget MPATGM in the ranges of Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh.
  • The missile met all the objectives and hit the target in top attack mode and destroyed it with precision.
  • The missile was launched with state-of-the-art infrared imaging seeker along with advanced avionics.

 

 

 

MERCOSUR an economic and political bloc comprises of which member countries?

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Answer:

MERCOSUR is an economic and political bloc with member countries namely Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.

Enrich Your Learning:

MERCOSUR

  • The Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR for its Spanish initials) is an economic and political bloc comprising Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay.
  • Mercosur was created in 1991 when Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asuncion for the “free movement of goods, services, and factors of production between countries.”
  • The objective is to promote a common space that generates business and investment opportunities through the competitive integration of national economies into the international market.
  • Its official working languages are Spanish and Portuguese.
  • The four countries agreed to
    • Eliminate customs duties
    • Implement a common external tariff of 35 percent on certain imports from outside the bloc
    • Adopt a common trade policy toward outside countries and blocs
  • Residents of the bloc are authorized to live and work anywhere within it.
  • The Common Market Council is bloc’s highest decision-making body.
  • Venezuela joined Mercosur’s four founding countries as a full member in 2012, but was suspended in late 2016.
  • Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, and Suriname are associate members.

MERCOSUR iastOPPERS

 

 

 

Pulikali- a folk art of Kerala performed with the theme of hunting of which animal?

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Answer:

Pulikali- a folk art of Kerala is performed with Tiger hunting theme.

Enrich Your Learning:

Pulikkali

  • Pulikali (Tiger Dance) is one among the folk art forms of Kerala. The term Pulikkali literally means ‘play of the tigers’. Pulikali is also known as
  • The art is performed on the fourth day of Onam. Performers are painted like tigers with stripes of yellow, red and black and dance to the rhythm of traditional percussion instruments such as thakil, udukku and chenda and wear leopard or tiger masks.
  • A particular combination of Tempra Powder and varnish or enamel is used to make the paint and is said to be extremely hard to remove.
  • The main theme of this folk art is tiger hunting with participants playing the role of tiger and hunter.
  • Pulikkali groups are called as ‘sangams’.
  • The art form is performed all over Kerala during Onam with special significance in Palakkad and Thrissur districts.

Origin:

  • The origin of Pulikali dates back to over 200 years, when the King Ramavarma is said to have introduced the folk art during Muharram.
  • Mohemeddan soldiers of the British army stationed in Thrissur celebrate Muharram and perform the art form decked as tigers with peculiar steps resembling the tiger, then known as ‘Pulikkettikali’.
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