- Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Belarus are the current full member countries of CSTO.
Enrich Your Learning:
‘Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO)’
- The Collective Security Treaty Organization is an intergovernmental military alliance that was signed in 1992.
- It was signed by six countries: Armenia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. Subsequently, Azerbaijan, Georgia and Belarus joined it.
- The CST was set to last for a 5-year period unless extended. In 1999, only six members of the CST signed a protocol renewing the treaty for another five-year period: Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan refused to sign and withdrew from the treaty.
- The Serbia and Afghanistan have been accorded observer status in the CSTO.
The key objectives of the CSTO are:
- Provision of national and collective security
- Foreign policy coordination
- Development of cooperation in the counteraction to modern challenges and security threats, such as international terrorism, drug trafficking, illegal migration etc.
- The treaty came into force in 1994. In April 1999, the Protocol on prolongation of the Collective Security Treaty was signed by six of them (except for Azerbaijan, Georgia and Uzbekistan).
- It was decided to transform the CST into a full international organization, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) at the Moscow session of the Collective Security Treaty in 2002.
- In 2004, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution granting the CSTO an observer status.
- In 2009, an agreement to create the Collective Rapid Reaction Force (KSOR) was reached by five of the seven members. The force is intended to be used to repulse military aggression, conduct anti-terrorist operations and drug trafficking.
- A session of the Collective Security Council of the CSTO will be held in Bishkek, Russia in November 2019.