Flash Cards

Day#55 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG); Green Power Market Development Group (GPMDG); World Resources Institute; Accessible India Campaign (AIC); ‘Cyberdome Project’; Saudi Aramco oil processing facilities; Location of Abqaiq;
By IASToppers
September 26, 2019

 

 

Give the name of the place where recently a major drone attack on Saudi Aramco oil processing facilities occurred?

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Solution & Enrich Your Learning:

Why it was in News?

  • In September 2019, the Houthis (of Yemen) attacked the Saudi Aramco oil processing facilities, through drones, at Abqaiq and Khurais in eastern Saudi Arabia.

Location of Abqaiq

  • Abqaiq is a Saudi Aramco gated community and oil-processing facilities located in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
  • It contains the world’s largest oil processing plant of Saudi Aramco (Saudi Arabian national petroleum and natural gas company).
  • It is located north of the Rub’ al-Khali, the second largest sand desert in the world also known as the “Empty Quarter”.

 

 

‘Cyberdome Project’ is an initiative of Data Security Council of India in collaboration. True OR False.

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Solution:

False

True statement

  • Cyberdome is an initiative of Kerala Police Department.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Cyberdome Project’

  • Cyberdome is technological research and development Centre of Kerala Police Department.
  • It aims to meet the long term security challenges of bridging the gap between the latest innovations in the cyber space and the skill set of Kerala Police, in combating the emerging cyber threats.
  • It has an online office called ‘Virtual dome’ where technical experts and ethical hackers who assist the police in the cyber security.

Key Facts

  • c0c0n, also known as the CyOps Con, is an annual event organized as part of the International Information Security Day by the Kerala State Police.

 

 

What do you know about Accessible India Campaign (AIC)?

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Solution & Enrich Your Learning

About Accessible India Campaign (AIC)

  • Accessible India Campaign (Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan) is a nation-wide Campaign launched by Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) to provide universal accessibility to persons with disabilities.

It has the following three important components:

  • Built Environment Accessibility
  • Transportation System Accessibility
  • Information and Communication Eco-System Accessibility

Key Facts

  • India is a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). UNCRPD casts an obligation on all the signatory governments to take appropriate measures to ensure to persons with disabilities access, on an equal basis with others.
  • Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995 categorically provides for non-discrimination in transport, non-discrimination on the road and non-discrimination in built environment.
  • Governments at the High Level Inter Governmental Meeting organized by the Korea adopted the Incheon Strategy to ‘Make the Right Real’ for PwDs in Asia and Pacific. The Strategy comprises 10 goals, 27 targets and 62 indicators, which build on UNCRPD.

 

 

Green Power Market Development Group (GPMDG) is an initiative of which organization?

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Solution:

  • Green Power Market Development Group (GPMDG) is an initiative of World Resources Institute (WRI).

Enrich Your Learning:

World Resources Institute

  • The World Resources Institute (WRI) is a global research non-profit organization that was established in 1982 to address the forcefully emerged Environmental concerns in the 1970s which are deforestation, desertification, and climate change.
  • It focusses on seven urgent global challenges: i) Climate, ii) Energy, iii) Food, iv) Forests, v) Water, vi) Sustainable Cities and vii) Ocean.
  • It has international offices in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Mexico and the United States.

India specific Initiative of WRI

India Greenhouse Gas Program: It is an industry-led voluntary framework aiming to help Indian companies monitor progress towards management of GHG emissions.

Green Power Market Development Group (GPMDG): Launched in 2013 as a partnership between WRI India, Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation and the Confederation of Indian Industry addresses the barriers that impede the growth of the renewable energy sector in India.

Empanelled as a national training institution for urban planning by the Ministry of Urban Development, WRI India has been leading capacity building initiatives under the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) programme in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.

 

 

Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) was conceptualized by which entity? What is the objective of OMG?

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Solution:

  • Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) is a NASA Mission to understand the role that the ocean plays in melting Greenland’s glaciers.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG)

Slide1_5

  • Oceans Melting Greenland (OMG) is a NASA Mission to understand the role that the ocean plays in melting Greenland’s glaciers.
  • Started in 2015, over a five-year campaign, OMG will observe changing water temperatures around Greenland, and how marine glaciers react to the presence of warm and salty Atlantic Water.

How will it work?

How will it work

  • The diagram above represents a glacier in Greenland. Below the cold, fresh layer near the surface a layer of warm, salty water reaches into the fjords to melt the glacier’s edge.
  • OMG will measure the volume and extent of this warm layer each year and relate it to thinning and retreat of the glaciers.
  • OMG will use airplanes mounted with Glacier and Ice Surface Topography Interferometer (GLISTIN-A) to generate high resolution measurements of Greenland’s coastal glaciers.
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