About National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR):
- National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) is a statutory body under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
- It was set up in March 2007 under the Commissions for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005.
- It comes under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
- It aims to ensure that all Laws, Policies, Programmes, and Administrative Mechanisms are in consonance with the Child Rights perspective as enshrined in the Constitution of India and also the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.
- It emphasizes the principle of universality and inviolability of child rights and recognizes the tone of urgency in all the child related policies of the country.
- The commission consist of:
- Chairperson and
- Six members, out of which at least two are woman appointed by the Central Government from amongst person of eminence, ability, integrity, standing and experience.
- The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.
Functions and powers of the NCPCR:
- Examine and review the safeguards provided by or under any law.
- Present the reports upon working of the safeguards.
- Inquire into violation of child rights and recommend initiation of proceedings in such cases.
- Examine all factors that inhibit the enjoyment of rights of children affected by terrorism, communal violence, riots, natural disaster, domestic violence, HIV/AIDS, trafficking, maltreatment, torture and exploitation, pornography and prostitution and recommend appropriate remedial measures.
- Look into the matters relating to the children in need of special care and protection including children in distress, marginalized and disadvantaged children, children in conflict with law, juvenile’s children without family and children of prisoners and recommend appropriate remedial measures.
- Inquire into complaints and take suo motu notice of matter relating to :
- Deprivation and violation of child rights;
- Non-implementation of laws providing for protection and development of children;
- Noncompliance of policy decisions, guidelines or instructions aimed at mitigating hardships to and ensuring welfare of the children and provide relief to such children; or
- take up the issues arising out of such matters with appropriate authorities.
- Study treaties and other international instruments and undertake periodical review of existing policies, programmes and other activities on child rights.
- Make recommendations for their effective implementation in the best interest of children.
- Undertake and promote research in the field of child rights.
- Spread child rights literacy among various section of society and promote awareness of the safeguards available for protection of these rights through publications, the media, seminar and other available means.
- Produce and disseminate information about child rights.
- Compile and analyse data on children.
- Promote the incorporation of child rights into the school curriculum, training of teachers or personnel dealing with children.