Shore Temple, one of the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu was built in the 7th century under the reign of Narasimhavarman II.
Enrich Your Learning:
- Mamallapuram, also called Mahabalipuram or Seven Pagodas is a historic coastal town on northeast Tamil Nadu state, South eastern India.
- It lies along the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, 60 km south of Chennai.
- Mamallapuram is famous for its stone carvings out of granite, are among the oldest existing examples of Dravidian architecture.
- The town’s religious centre was founded by a 7th-century-CE Hindu Pallava king—Narasimhavarman I, also known as Mamalla. For whom the town was named.
- Ancient Chinese, Persian, and Roman coins found at Mamallapuram point to its earlier existence as a
- Pallava temples and monuments are the chief sculptured rock relief popularly known as “Arjuna’s Penance,” or “Descent of the Ganges,” a series of sculptured cave temples, and a Shaiva temple on the seashore.
- The temples are monolithic and also knows as ‘Seven Pagodas’ indicate to the existence of 7 temples in the past. Due to its pyramidal structure named as Pagoda. They are in the form of ‘ratha’.
- Five rathas, or monolithic temples, are the remnants of seven temples.
- The entire assemblage collectively was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.
- Mamallapuram on East Coast Road in Tamil Nadu is going to be the venue for the second India-China informal summit between Prime Minister of India and Chinese President Xi Jinping, in October, 2019.
- Mamallapuram also hosted the Defence Expo 2018 or known as Defexpo, the Union Defence Ministry’s annual event with international participation.