CA-FC-Day-58-2020-iastoppers
Flash Cards

Day#58 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram; ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise (AUMX), 2019; P&W engine powering A320neos; National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA); Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE);
By IASToppers
September 30, 2019

 

 

Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) is a large-class mission under which space agency’s programme?

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Answer:

Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) is the first large-class mission in European Space Agency’s Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme.

Enrich Your Learning:

Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE) 

  • Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer (JUICE)is the first large-class mission in European Space Agency’s Cosmic Vision 2015-2025 programme.
  • The mission is planned for launch in 2022 and arrival at Jupiter in 2029.
  • It will spend at least three years making detailed observations of the giant gaseous planet Jupiter and three of its largest moons- Ganymede, Callisto and Europa.
  • JUICE’s mission is to orbit planet Jupiter and perform repeated flybys of its moons.
  • The spacecraft will go close to the moons between about 200-400 km.
  • In the last phase of its mission, in 2032, JUICE will be settling into the orbit around Ganymede, which is the largest moon of the solar system.
  • It will continue to remain in the orbit until 2034 when the mission control will order it to make a controlled impact on Ganymede.

News:

  • JUICE has captured an image of Jupiter and its four largest moons.
  • The photograph was taken by a team of engineers on the roof of the Airbus Defence and Space site in Toulouse.
  • It was a part of a test of JUICE’s navigation camera (NavCam) for the validation of hardware and software interfaces and onboard navigation software.

JUICE’s navigation camera (NavCam)

  • Navcam (Navigational Camera) is a type of camera found on certain robotic rovers or spacecraft used for navigation without interfering with scientific instruments.
  • Navcams typically take wide angle photographs that are used to plan the next moves of the vehicle or object tracking.
  • NavCam has been specifically designed to be resistant to the harsh radiations environment around Jupiter and to acquire images of the planet, moon and background stars.

 

 

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) was established under which ministry?

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Answer:

  • NPPA was established as an attached office of the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA)

  • National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) was constituted by a resolution taken by Government of India on 29th August, 1997.
  • NPPA was established as an attached office of the Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP), Ministry of Chemicals & Fertilizers.
  • It is an independent regulator for pricing of drugs and to ensure availability and accessibility of medicines at affordable prices.
  • NPPA works as a Regulator is to work towards a Healthy Nation by making medicines accessible and affordable

Functions:

  • NPPA does fixation/revision of prices of pharmaceutical products (bulk drugs and formulations) and scheduled drugs (those medicines included in Schedule I of the DPCO which are subject to price control) and formulations.
  • Monitoring of the prices of controlled and decontrolled drugs in the country.
  • Implementation and enforcement of the provisions of the Drugs Prices Control Order (DPCO) for regulating medicine prices.
  • Monitoring the availability of drugs, identify shortages, taking remedial steps, etc.
  • Recovering amounts overcharged by manufacturers for the controlled drugs from the consumers.

Initiatives by NPPA:

  • NPPA administers ‘Pharma Sahi Dam’ and ‘Pharma Jan Samadhan’ platforms for information on medicine prices and registering public grievances.
  • The Integrated Public Database Management System (IPDMS) is being implemented for online information collection from Pharma manufacturers.

 

 

A320neo planes which are recently in news for their engines having several problems. These engines are manufactured by which company?

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Answer:

  • The P&W 1100G-JM engine that powers A320neo planes is manufactured by US-based company named Pratt and Whitney (P&W).

Enrich Your Learning:

P&W engine powering A320neos:

  • The P&W 1100G-JM engine that powers A320neo planes is a “fan driven-geared turbine engine” manufactured by US-based Pratt and Whitney (P&W).
  • The engine has been “type certified” by the Federal Aviation Administration of the US and, subsequently, by the European Union Aviation Safety Agency.
  • The engine is more fuel efficient, generates more thrust, produces less noise and is environment friendly.

Technical problems associated with P&W engine:

  • Airlines operating this aircraft have faced several problems with the engine.
  • The major ones involve combustion chamber distress, low pressure turbine (LPT) and gear box failures, engine vibration, among others.

Measures to resolve the problems:

  • Combustion chamber distress have been addressed already and the company is working on suitable mitigation measures to resolve the remaining problems.
  • To resolve problems related to LPT failure, redesigned and more durable LPT stage 3 blades are being incorporated.
  • while a redesigned piston seal in the high pressure compressor will be used to address transient vibration.

Measures to resolve the problems IASToppers

Key Facts:

  • At present, there are 127 P&W engine-powered A320neo aircraft in India and 436 operating globally.
  • In India, IndiGo operates 92 P&W powered A320neo planes, while GoAir has 35 aircrafts in its fleet.
  • Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) restricted the operation of A320neo aircraft with P&W engines on the Port Blair sector as the plane has to fly over water bodies.

 

 

AUMX 2019 is maritime exercise between which countries?

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Answer:

AUMX, 2019 was the first ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise between the regional blocs of ASEAN countries and US.

Enrich Your Learning:

ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise (AUMX), 2019

  • AUMX, 2019 was the first ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise between the regional blocs of ASEAN countries and US.
  • It was a five-day naval exercise in South China Sea, which started form September 2 at the Sattahip Naval Base in Thailand and ending in Singapore.
  • All 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations taken part in the exercises, which include the boarding of target vessels to simulate search and seizure.

Objective:

  • To build greater maritime security on the strength of ASEAN, strengthen navy-to-navy bonds, and the strengthen shared belief of US and ASEAN in a free and open Indo-Pacific.

Significance:

  • US’s step up in region in a situation when tensions between China, US and Southeast Asian nations over South China Sea (SCS).
  • China claims the majority of the South China Sea, often invoking its nine-dash line as a supposed historic justification to the waters, which are a key global shipping route.
  • Parts of SCS are claimed by ASEAN members Brunei, Malaysia, Vietnam and the Philippines.

 

 

Shore Temple, one of the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu was built under whose reign?

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Answer:

Shore Temple, one of the Group of Monuments at Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu was built in the 7th century under the reign of Narasimhavarman II.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mamallapuram:

  • Mamallapuram, also called Mahabalipuram or Seven Pagodas is a historic coastal town on northeast Tamil Nadu state, South eastern India.
  • It lies along the Coromandel Coast of the Bay of Bengal, 60 km south of Chennai.
  • Mamallapuram is famous for its stone carvings out of granite, are among the oldest existing examples of Dravidian architecture.
  • The town’s religious centre was founded by a 7th-century-CE Hindu Pallava kingNarasimhavarman I, also known as Mamalla. For whom the town was named.
  • Ancient Chinese, Persian, and Roman coins found at Mamallapuram point to its earlier existence as a
  • Pallava temples and monuments are the chief sculptured rock relief popularly known as “Arjuna’s Penance,” or “Descent of the Ganges,” a series of sculptured cave temples, and a Shaiva temple on the seashore.
  • The temples are monolithic and also knows as ‘Seven Pagodas’ indicate to the existence of 7 temples in the past. Due to its pyramidal structure named as Pagoda. They are in the form of ‘ratha’.
  • Five rathas, or monolithic temples, are the remnants of seven temples.
  • The entire assemblage collectively was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

Key Fact:

  • Mamallapuram on East Coast Road in Tamil Nadu is going to be the venue for the second India-China informal summit between Prime Minister of India and Chinese President Xi Jinping, in October, 2019.
  • Mamallapuram also hosted the Defence Expo 2018 or known as Defexpo, the Union Defence Ministry’s annual event with international participation.
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