Flash-Cards-for-IAS-Prelims-2018-CA-Day-6
70 Days WAR Plan

Day#6 Current Affairs Flash Cards [70 Days WAR Plan]

Red Panda in India; RKVY-RAFTAAR; Horn of Africa; Trade Monitoring Report; International Classification of Diseases (ICD); Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme; 'New Southern Policy’; Gulf of Aden; ‘Breath India’ report
By IT's Core Team
March 27, 2019

 

 

According to the World Bank’s 2017 updated data, Indian economy has evolved as the seventh largest country in terms of economy based on the GDP. Right OR Wrong?

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Answer:

Right Statement:

  • According to the World Bank’s 2017 updated data, Indian economy has leaped from France as the sixth largest country in terms of economy based on the GDP.

Enrich Your Learning:

Indian Economy as a 6th largest economy of India:

  • According to the World Bank’s 2017 updated data, India has doubled its GDP within a decade and is expected to power ahead as a key economic engine in Asia, even as China slows down.
  • For the year 2018-19, India’s economy is projected to grow at 7.3 per cent.
  • According to World Bank’s projection, India is set to overtake Britain as the fifth-largest economy in terms of GDP value.
  • India and China’s robust economic growth is unparalleled to any other country in the world, the neighbours are going to remain the fastest growing emerging economies.
  • The overall world economy was growing slightly above 2 per cent but it is projected to rise to 4 per cent, with the markets all across the world on the rise.
  • If the global markets remain steady and political situation, then Indian economy will disposes Germany as the fourth-largest economy by the year 2022.

world bank india prediction

 

 

NITI Aayog has proposed action plan for combating air pollution in ten most polluted cities in the country in which report?

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Answer:

  • NITI Aayog’s ‘Breath India’ report describes the draft action plan for combating air pollution in ten most polluted cities in the country.

Enrich Your Learning:

Breathe India:

  • NITI Aayog has proposed 15-point action plan for combating air pollution in ten most polluted cities in the country, including Delhi, Kanpur and Varanasi.
  • The draft action plan titled ‘Breathe India’ includes encouraging electric vehicles, phasing out private diesel vehicle and development of crop residue utilisation policy.
  • According to a recent WHO database (2018), Kanpur, Faridabad, Gaya, Varanasi, Agra, Gurgaon, Muzaffarpur, Lucknow and Patna are the top ten most polluted cities in India.

Important highlights of the plan:

  • Survey and analyse power plants around the most polluted cities to prioritise their decommissioning in the next five years
  • Electrify last-mile connectivity by 2022, including public transport, taxis and three-wheelers
  • Revamp the regulatory framework around industrial air pollution.
  • Introduce a market-based instrument within a regulatory framework based on the concept of ‘polluters pay’
  • Establish smog-free towers at all major construction sites by 2019
  • Incentivise procurement and utilization of crop residue
  • Implement a policy on landfill taxes and incentivise waste processing over landfilling by 2019
  • Mandate compulsory mechanised dust removal in the most polluted cities by 2019
  • Undertake measures to prevent forest fires
  • Implement policy on mandatory use of cleaner forms of cooking to reduce indoor air pollution
  • Develop stakeholder-specific awareness campaigns in these cities to ensure that all participants are aware of the impacts of air pollution and the repercussions of engaging in pollution-causing activities
  • Define city-level plans with clear timelines and emission targets across various sources of pollution (construction, vehicular, indoor) by the end of 2018
  • Establish accurate and comprehensive air quality monitoring systems in the worst affected cities by 2019.

 

 

Gulf of Aden act as a separation between which countries?

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Answer:

  • Gulf of Aden forms the natural separation between the countries of Somalia and Yemen.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Gulf of Aden:

gulf of aden map

  • Gulf of Aden is deep water basin that forms a natural sea link between the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea.
  • Named for the seaport of Aden, in southern Yemen, the gulf is situated between the coasts of Arabia and the Horn of Africa.
  • The Gulf of Aden is an extension of the Indian Ocean. Located between Africa and Asia, it forms the natural separation between the countries of Somalia and Yemen.
  • The waterway is part of the important Suez Canal shipping route between the Mediterranean Sea and the Arabian Sea in the Indian Ocean.
  • The Gulf of Aden, formerly known as the Gulf of Berbera, is a gulf amidst Yemen to the north, the Arabian Sea and Guardafui Channel to the east, Somalia to the south, and Djibouti to the west.
  • Gulf of Aden waters flow into the Red Sea through the Bab el Mandeb (strait), and because it provides an outlet to the west for Persian Gulf Oil, it’s now one of the world’s busiest shipping lanes.
  • The gulf’s marine life is rich in both the quantity and the variety of its species.
  • Seasonally variable upwelling of waters in the coastal zone provides the surface layer with a considerable supply of nutrient elements, which produce an abundant growth of plankton.
  • Sardines and mackerel abound in these areas of upwelling.
  • The main open-sea fish are dolphin, tuna, billfish, and sharks. Whales are frequently sighted.
  • The gulf provides a breeding ground for sea turtles, and rock lobster are abundant.
  • Despite a lack of large-scale commercial fishing facilities, the coastline supports many isolated fishing towns and villages.
  • Local fishing takes place close to the shore; sardines, tuna, kingfish, and mackerel make up the bulk of the annual catches. Crayfish and sharks are also fished locally, while survey ships have occasionally pulled in exceptional catches of fish.

 

 

‘New Southern Policy’ was recently in news. It is a policy of which country?

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Answer:

  • South Korea has its ‘New Southern Policy’ that focuses on strengthening its economic and strategic relations with Southeast Asia, Australia and India.

‘New Southern Policy’:

  • Like India’s Act East policy, South Korea has its ‘New Southern Policy’ that focuses on strengthening its economic and strategic relations with Southeast Asia, Australia and India.
  • New Southern Policy inauguration in May 2017 is diplomatic effort under President Moon Jae-in’s administration as part of the Northeast Asia Plus Community of Responsibility.
  • This initiative comprises two pillars: peace and prosperity. New Southern Policy is counted as prosperity pillar in its initial conception.
  • The general idea of this policy is to leverage ASEAN and India as key partners like other major players in the region. This is the first time in the history of Korean diplomacy after the World War II that both ASEAN and India incorporated as strategic priority for South Korea.

 

 

 

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme was initiated by which Ministries or departments?

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Answer:

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.

Enrich Your Learning:

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao scheme:

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme was launched on 22nd January, 2015 at Panipat in Haryana.
  • The scheme aims at improving the trend of declining child sex ratio (CSR) in the country—which, according to Census 2011 data, has plummeted from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and 918 in 2011—and promoting gender equality.
  • The scheme focuses on challenging mindsets and deep rooted patriarchy in the societal system, strict enforcement of PC&PNDT Act, advancing education of the girl child: focus is on issues of women empowerment on a life cycle continuum.

 

 

Red pandas cab be found in which parts of the India?

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Answer:

  • Red Panda cab be found in Sikkim, western Arunachal Pradesh, Darjeeling district of West Bengal and parts of Meghalaya.

Enrich Your Learning:

Red Panda in India:

  • Red Panda found in Sikkim, western Arunachal Pradesh, Darjeeling district of West Bengal and parts of Meghalaya.
  • It is also the state animal of Sikkim.
  • Scientific Name of Red panda is Ailurus fulgens.
  • Listed as Endangered in the IUCN red list of Threatened Species and under Schedule I of the Indian Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the red panda has the highest legal protection at par with other threatened species.
  • World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) India has been working since 2005 in the eastern Himalayan region for the conservation of this species.
  • The three major national parks which are well known for the red panda population are the Khangchendzonga National Park, Neora Valley National Park and the Singalila National Park.

 

 

WHO’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD) lists only physical disorders and excludes mental disorders. Right OR Wrong?

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Answer:

Right Statement:

  • The WHO’s ICD lists both mental and physical disorders.

What is International Classification of Diseases (ICD)?

ICD is the basis for identification of health trends and statistics globally and the international standard for reporting diseases and health conditions.

  • It is maintained by WHO.
  • It is revised periodically and is currently in its tenth revision.

Usages of ICD:

  • It is used by medical practitioners around the world to diagnose conditions and by researchers to categorize conditions.
  • This comprehensive list is intended to make it easier for scientists to share and compare health information between hospitals, regions and countries.
  • It also enables health care workers to compare data in the same location over different time periods. Additionally, public health experts use the ICD to track the number of deaths and diseases.

Design of ICD

  • The ICD contains a description of all known diseases and injuries.
  • Each disease is detailed with diagnostic characteristics and given a unique identifier that is used to code mortality data on death certificates and morbidity data from patient and clinical records.
  • The core of the ICD-10 uses one single list of four-alphanumeric-character codes from A00.0 to Z99.0.
  • The first letter of the code designates a different chapter; there are 22 chapters in total (several letters are included in a single chapter together).
  • Within each chapter, the four-character codes are divided so that they specify different classification axes. The fourth character (the number after the decimal) is not required for reporting and is used in various ways.

ICD-11

  • A version of ICD-11 was released on 18 June 2018 to allow Member States to prepare for implementation, including translating ICD into their national languages.
  • ICD-11 will be presented at the World Health Assembly in May 2019 for adoption by Member States, and will come into effect on 1 January 2022.
  • This release is an advance preview that will allow countries to plan how to use the new version, prepare translations, and train health professionals all over the country.

 

 

Trade Monitoring Report has legal effect on the rights and obligations of WTO Members. Right OR Wrong?

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Answer:

Right Statement:

  • Trade Monitoring Report is intended to be a purely factual and transparency exercise and has no legal effect on the rights and obligations of WTO Members.

Enrich Your Learning:

Trade Monitoring Report:

  • The Report aims to shed light on the latest trends in the implementation of a broad range of policy measures that facilitate as well as restrict the flow of trade, and to provide an update on the state of global trade.
  • The purpose of these trade monitoring reports is to enhance transparency of trade policy developments around the world and to provide WTO members and observers with an up-to-date picture of trends in the implementation of trade liberalizing as well as trade restricting measures, in particular in times of economic crisis when protectionist pressures tend to surge.
  • The World Trade Organization currently produces two series of “trade monitoring reports”:
    • WTO-wide reports on trade-related developments covering the whole WTO membership and observers
    • Joint reports with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) on trade and investment measures taken by G-20 economies.
  • These series of reports were started in the wake of the global financial and economic crisis that began in 2008. At the WTO’s 8th Ministerial Conference in 2011, Ministers asked for the trade monitoring work to be continued and strengthened.
  • Currently, two reports are produced each year.
  • Recent report published in December, 2018,

Aim of the reports

  • The purpose of these trade monitoring reports is to enhance transparency of trade policy developments around the world and to provide WTO members and observers with an up-to-date picture of trends in the implementation of trade liberalizing as well as trade restricting measures, in particular in times of economic crisis when protectionist pressures tend to surge.

Preparation and discussion of the reports

  • The WTO Secretariat consults closely with all delegations to gather complete, up-to-date and accurate information on their trade and trade-related measures, and to verify the relevant information collected from other non-official sources.
  • The WTO-wide reports are discussed at meetings of the WTO’s Trade Policy Review Body. 
  • The G-20 reports are sent to G-20 Sherpas for their consideration and submission to the summit meetings of the G-20 leaders.

 

 

 

Which countries constitute the Horn of Africa?

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Answer:

  • Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti are together form the Horn of Africa.

Enrich Your Learning:

Horn of Africa:

horn of africa image 2019

  • It is the easternmost part of NE Africa, on the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
  • Horn of Africa consists of 4 independent countries, it shares similar ethnic heritages throughout the region. The vast majority of people here share an Afro-Asiatic ethnicity.
  • It covers approximately 2 million sq.km and is inhabited by roughly 115 million people (Ethiopia: 96.6 million, Somalia: 10.4 million, Eritrea: 6.4 million, and Djibouti: 0.81 million).
  • The region is home to the rugged landscape of the Ethiopian Highlands. This region is also home to the Great Rift Valley.
  • Closer to the equator, the land is generally flat with some plateaus rising above the lowlands as well. The Horn of Africa receives very little rainfall and can reach extremely hot temperatures in some areas.
  • This region is home to a number of animal species such as the Speke’s gazelle and the Somali wild ass. Notably, it also has the greatest number of endemic reptiles of any other area on the African continent.

 

 

What is the main objective of RKVY-RAFTAAR?

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Answer:

  • The main objective of is to make farming remunerative economic activity by strengthening farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agribusiness entrepreneurship.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana: Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR)

  • The government has approved continuation of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for (13th plan period) three years plan i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • The Scheme has a financial allocation of Rs. 15,722 crores with key objective is to resolve agricultural development strategies and to meet needs of farmers.

Background:

  • RKVY scheme was initiated in 2007 by National Development Council under Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare as an umbrella scheme for ensuring holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors by allowing states to choose their own agriculture and allied sector development activities as per the district/state agriculture plan.
  • The scheme has come a long way since its inception and has been implemented across two plan periods (11th and 12th).
  • Till 2013-14, the scheme was implemented as an Additional Central Assistance (ACA) to State Plan Scheme with 100% central assistance.
  • It was converted into a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in 2014-15 also with 100% central assistance. Since 2015-16, the funding pattern of the scheme has been altered in the ratio of 60:40 between Centre and States (90:10 for North Eastern States and Himalayan States). For Union Territories the funding pattern is 100 % central grant.
  • Under the scheme, 50% of the annual outlay will be for setting up farm infrastructure and assets, 30% for value-addition linked production projects and 20% will be flexi- funds for projects in tune with local needs.
  • The emphasis will also be on involving youth in agriculture through various incentives so that it will provide jobs in rural areas and help in achieving the target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Objective:

  • The objective is to make farming remunerative economic activity by strengthening farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agribusiness entrepreneurship.
  • The scheme will incentivize states to enhance more allocation to Agriculture and Allied Sectors.
  • Under RKVY-RAFTAAR, major focus is on pre & post-harvest infrastructure, besides promoting agri-entrepreneurship and innovations.
  • Promote, developing and disseminating technologies for enhancing production and productivity.
  • Enhancing production and productivity, improve nutritional security and income support to farmers. 
  • Assisting states in addressing the entire value chain, right from the stage of pre-production to the consumer’s table through appropriate interventions. 
  • Creating employment generation opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed youth.
  • Improving value addition and ensuring farmer’s profitability increases.  
  • Improving the delivery and monitoring mechanism under RKVY-RAFTAAR funded projects.

Sub-schemes under RKVY-RAFTAAR:

  • Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI),
  • Crop Diversification Program (CDP),
  • Reclamation of Problem Soil (RPS),
  • Foot & Mouth Disease – Control Program (FMD-CP),
  • Saffron Mission,
  • Accelerated Fodder Development Prorgamme (AFDP).
  • Beekeeping
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