Household air pollution has emerged as one of the key causes of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) according to latest Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) report.
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Key facts of Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiologic (PURE) report:
Household Air pollution
- Household air pollution has emerged as one of the key causes of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).
- 12% of all CVDs in low-income countries are attributable to household air pollution.
- Hypertension is the largest risk factor for CVD in low-income countries (including India), followed by high non-HDL cholesterol and household air pollution.
CVD and Cancer
- CVD remains the leading cause of mortality among middle aged adults globally.
- In case of high-income countries, where cancer is responsible for twice as many deaths as CVD.
- It was estimated that 55 million deaths occurred in the world in 2017, of which approximately 17.7 million were due to CVD.
- In middle income countries, death due to CVD is higher than due to cancer.
- And the lower income countries show less death due to cancer comparatively high death rate due to CVD.
- Household air pollution is a greater risk factor for CVD in India than diabetes, tobacco use, low physical activity and poor diet.
- An earlier report from a PURE study (Lancet Respiratory Medicine 2014) showed that Indians had the lowest lung function among the 21 countries studied.
- At least 65% of homes in India use biomass fuel for cooking and heating.