- Regular physical activity is proven to help prevent and treat noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and breast and colon cancer.
- It also helps to prevent hypertension, overweight and obesity and can improve mental health, quality of life and well-being.
What is physical activity?
- Physical activity can be undertaken in many different ways: walking, cycling, sports and active forms of recreation (for example, dance, yoga, tai chi).
- Physical activity can also be undertaken at work and around the home.
- All forms of physical activity can provide health benefits if undertaken regularly and of sufficient duration and intensity.
Global Action Plan on Physical Activities 2018-2030:
- WHO launched “Global Action Plan on Physical Activities 2018-2030: More active people for a healthier world” in June 2018.
- WHO global action plan to promote physical activity, responds to the requests by countries for updated guidance, and a framework of effective and feasible policy actions to increase physical activity at all levels.
- It aims to ensure that all people have access to safe and enabling environments and to diverse opportunities to be physically active in their daily lives.
- This plan is to be seen as a means of improving individual and community health and contributing to the social, cultural and economic development of all nations.
- The action plan was developed through a worldwide consultation process involving governments and key stakeholders across multiple sectors including health, sports, transport, urban design, civil society, academia and the private sector.
- The action plan shows how countries can reduce physical inactivity in adults and adolescents by 15% by 2030.
- It recommends a set of 20 policy areas, which combined, aim to create more active societies through improving the environments and opportunities for people of all ages and abilities to do more walking, cycling, sport, active recreation, dance and play.
The four strategic objectives of the plan are:
- Create active societies
- Create active environments
- Create active people
- Create active systems
Concerns that led to the global action plan:
- Being active is critical for health. But in modern world, this is becoming more and more of a challenge, largely because the cities and communities aren’t designed in the right ways.
- Worldwide, one in five adults, and four out of five adolescents (11-17 years), do not do enough physical activity.
- Girls, women, older adults, poorer people, people with disabilities and chronic diseases, marginalized populations, and indigenous people have fewer opportunities to be active.
- Regular physical activity is key to preventing and treating noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes and breast and colon cancer.
- NCDs are responsible for 71% of all deaths globally, including for the deaths of 15 million people per year aged 30 to 70.