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Day#61 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Akash Missile; Global Liveability Index 2019; TSENTR 2019; Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK); Facial recognition-based biometric online attendance system in primary school;
By IASToppers
October 03, 2019

 

 

Simultaneous deployment of missiles to attack four targets at the same time could be possible in case of Akash missile. True or False?

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Answer:

True.

  • The phased array radar provides capability for multiple target tracking and simultaneous deployment of missiles to attack four targets at the same time.

Enrich Your Learning:

Akash Missile

  • Akash Missile is a medium range Surface to Air Missile with multi-target engagement capability.
  • The missile was developed as part of Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) other than Nag, Agni, Trishul, and Prithvi missiles.
  • The supersonic Akash missile has a range of around 25 km and up to the altitude of 18,000m.
  • It uses high-energy solid propellant for the booster and ram-rocket propulsion for the sustainer phase.
  • The propulsion system provides higher level of energy with minimum mass that has better performance with minimum weight of the missile.
  • It has a dual mode guidance, initially on command mode from a phased array radar and later radar homing guidance with unique software developed for high accuracy.
  • The phased array radar provides capability for multiple target tracking and simultaneous deployment of missiles to attack four targets at the same time.
  • The Akash missile system was formally inducted into the Indian Air Force and in Indian Army in 2015.

 

 

Which state government of India launched a facial recognition-based biometric online attendance system in primary school to curb absenteeism?

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Answer:

The Gujarat government launched a facial recognition-based biometric online attendance system across 40,000 primary schools to curb absenteeism.

Enrich Your Learning:

Biometric online attendance system at schools

  • The Gujarat government launched a facial recognition-based biometric online attendance system across 40,000 primary schools on September 5 (Teachers’ Day).
  • The step was taken to curb absenteeism at government schools.
  • The State Education Department will distribute tablets equipped with geo-tagging and biometrics software to all schools to implement the system.
  • The Education Department has developed its own platform with advanced features that do not require taking pictures of persons every day.
  • The initiative is to ensure that teachers are present in schools and they remain engaged in academic works and activities.
  • All administrative work like salaries, emoluments and filling in details in registers will be moved online.

 

 

Under Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK), 4 ‘D’ are covered in children from 0 to 18 years. Which are these 4 ‘D’s?

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Answer:

Early identification and early intervention for children from birth to 18 years to cover 4 ‘D’s– Defects at birth, Deficiencies, Diseases, Development delays including disability.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK)

  • Rashtriya Bal Swasthya Karyakram (RBSK) is a new initiative aiming at early identification and early intervention or children from birth to 18 years to cover 4 ‘D’s.
  • They are; Defects at birth, Deficiencies, Diseases, Development delays including disability.
  • Once the child is screened and referred from any of these points of identification, it would be ensured that the necessary treatment is delivered at zero cost to the family.
  • The services aim to cover children of 0-6 years of age in rural areas and urban slums; and children enrolled in classes I to XII in Government and Government aided Schools.

Screening process of Child:

  • Child screening under RBSK is at two levels community level and facility level.
  • Facility based new born screening at public health facilities and community level screening

will be conducted by the Mobil health teams.

  • The 0-6 years age group– managed at District Early Intervention Centre (DEIC).
  • 6-18 years age group– managed at existing public health facilities like PHCs / CHCs/ DH.
  • DEIC will act as referral linkages for both the age groups.
  • First level of screening is to be done at all delivery points.
  • After 48 hours till 6 weeks the screening of newborns will be done by ASHA at home as a part of HBNC package.
  • Outreach screening will be done by dedicated mobile block level teams for 6 weeks to 6 years at anganwadis centres and 6-18 years children at school.

 

 

TSENTR- a multi-national military exercise is a part of which country’s annual training cycle?

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Answer:

TSENTR is a multi-national military exercise is a part of Russia’s annual training cycle.

Enrich Your Learning:

TSENTR

  • TSENTR is a multi-national military exercise, part of the annual series of large scale military exercises that form part of the Russian Armed Forces’ annual training cycle.
  • It rotates between the four main Russian operational strategic commands.
  • Russia hosts a major military exercise every year at one of the military Commands – Vostok in the east, Zapad in the west, TSENTR in the centre and Kavkas in the south.
  • Aim of the exercise is to evolve drills of the participating armies and practicing them in the fight against the scourge of international terrorism, thereby ensuring military security in the strategic central Asian region.

TSENTR 2019

  • TSENTR was held at the Donguz training ranges in Orenburg.
  • It took on a multi-country facet with Belarus participating in ZAPAD-2017 and China and Mongolia participating in VOSTOK-2018.
  • In 2019, invitations for participation have been extended to nine other countries.
  • Military contingents from China, India, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Pakistan and Uzbekistan, along with Russia have participated in the exercise.
  • Focus of this year’s exercise was to evaluate the level of troop preparedness, the acquisition of the required skills and raising the level of inter-operability and demonstrates the readiness of the participating armies.

 

 

Global Liveability Index is published by which organisation?

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Answer:

Global Liveability Index is published every year by Economist Intelligence Unit.

Enrich Your Learning:

Global liveability Index

  • Global liveability Index is published every year by Economist Intelligence Unit which scores for lifestyle challenges in 140 cities worldwide.
  • The liveability rating quantifies the challenges that might be presented to an individual’s lifestyle.
  • Each city is assigned a score for over 30 qualitative and quantitative factors across five broad categories weighted as follows:
    • Stability (25%)
    • Healthcare (20%)
    • Culture and environment (25%)
    • Education (10%)
    • Infrastructure (20%)

Global liveability Index 2019

  • The top 10 of 2019’s report was dominated by Australia, Canada and Japan.
  • Europe performed well overall with eight of the top 20 cities are in Northern Europe.
  • London and New York ranked 48 and 58 respectively.
  • New Delhi and Cairo was downgraded due to environmental issues such as poor air quality and inadequate water provision.
  • Vienna toppled from pole position last year also.

The world’s most liveable cities 2019

  1. Vienna, Austria
  2. Melbourne, Australia
  3. Sydney, Australia
  4. Osaka, Japan
  5. Calgary, Canada

The world’s least liveable cities 2019

  1. Damascus, Syria
  2. Lagos, Nigeria
  3. Dhaka, Bangladesh
  4. Tripoli, Libya
  5. Karachi, Pakistan
Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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