Central Information Commission (CIC):
- Established in 2005, the Central Information Commission (CIC) is the authorised body under the Government of India.
- It was set up under the Right to Information Act.
- The jurisdiction of the Commission extends over all Central Public Authorities.
- It was set up to act upon complaints from those individuals who have not been able to submit information requests to a Central Public Information Officer or State Public Information Officer due to either the officer not having been appointed, or because the respective Central Assistant Public Information Officer or State Assistant Public Information Officer refused to receive the application for information under the RTI Act.
- The Commission includes 1 Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and not more than 10 Information Commissioners (IC) who are appointed by the President of India.
- The Chief Information Commissioner and Information Commissioners are appointed by the President on the recommendation of a committee consisting of:
- The Prime Minister, who shall be the Chairperson of the committee.
- The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
- A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
- The decisions of the Commission are final and binding.
The Commission has certain powers and functions that relate to:
- It is the duty of the Commission to receive and inquire into a complaint from any person
- Adjudicate on in second appeal for giving information;
- Direction for record keeping,
- The Commission can order inquiry into any matter if there are reasonable Grounds (Suo moto),
- Disclosures receiving and enquiring into a complaint on inability to file RTI etc;
- Imposition of penalties,
- While inquiring, the Commission has the powers of a civil court,
- Examine any record which is under the control of the public authority and no such
- record may be withheld from it on any grounds,
- The Commission has the power to secure compliance of its decisions from the public authority.
- Preparation of an Annual Report, which is placed by the central government before each House of Parliament.
- When a public authority does not conform to the provisions of this Act, the Commission may recommend (to the authority) steps which ought to be taken for promoting such conformity.