Flash Cards

Day#62 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Malabar 2019 exercise; UN Charter; Sex reassignment surgeries on infants and children; Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) report; Under National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Malaria Elimination;
By IASToppers
October 04, 2019



Under National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Malaria Elimination districts are categorised on which basis in accordance to achieve goal?

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Under National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Malaria Elimination districts are categorised based on Annual Parasite Incidence (API) in accordance to achieve goal.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Strategic Plan (NSP) for Malaria Elimination

  • Indian government has released a National Strategic Plan (NSP) for malaria elimination for years 2017-2022, targeting eradication by 2030.
  • The plan is under the National Health Mission as part of the National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme.
  • Under the plan, malaria transmission in the country’s districts have been divided into four categories:
    • No cases in 3 years
    • Less than 1 case per 1,000 people
    • More than 1 but less than 2 cases per 1,000 people
    • More than 2 cases per 1,000 people


  • The goals of NSP strategy are phased elimination of malaria in India.
  • National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME) in India has set 2030 as eliminating malaria and goals of NSP are in consonance with overall goals.
    • Eliminate malaria in Category 1 districts (Annual Parasite Incidence (API) <1) by 2020 and Category 2 districts (API 1-2) by 2022.
    • Reduce transmission in Category 3 districts to stabilize API at <1 by 2022.


  • Achieve universal coverage of case detection and treatment services in endemic districts to ensure 100% parasitological diagnosis of all suspected malaria cases and complete treatment of all confirmed cases.
  • Strengthen the surveillance system to detect, notify, investigate, classify and respond to all cases and foci in all districts to move towards malaria elimination.
  • Achieve near universal coverage of population at risk of malaria with an appropriate vector control intervention.
  • Achieve near universal coverage by appropriate BCC activities to improve knowledge, awareness and responsive behaviour regarding effective preventive and curative interventions for malaria elimination.
  • Provide effective programme management and coordination at all levels to deliver a combination of targeted interventions for malaria elimination.

Budget distribution in plan:

  • Around 46% of the funds are required for programme-specific human resource from the national to sub-centre level.
  • Some 27% is expected to be on the implementation of preventive strategies such as distribution of nets and indoor residential spraying.
  • Treatment and diagnosis account for 14% of the budget.
  • Monitoring and evaluation will cost close to 4% of the budget.
  • The spending on communication and outreach will be close to 2%.



Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) report was published by which organisation?

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The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) is published by World Economic Forum (WEF).

Enrich Your Learning:

Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) report

  • The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) is produced by World Economic Forum (WEF).
  • It is published biennially, it benchmarks competitiveness of economies and measures the set of factors and policies that enable the sustainable development of the Travel & Tourism (T&T) sector, ultimately contributes to the development and competitiveness of a country.
  • It measures the factors and policies that make a country a viable place to invest within the Travel and Tourism sector.
  • The TTCI provides a means to measure a country’s performance, and utilizes three sub-indices and their component parts to represent the overall quality, future potential and long-term sustainability of the tourism sector within each country assessed.
  • It analyses 140 countries and scored each according to three sub-indices: Regulatory Framework; Business Environment and Infrastructure; and Human, Cultural and Natural Resources.
  • Across a broad range of economies, income segments and regions, improved competitiveness can be attributed primarily to performance on the following six pillars:
    • Air Transport Infrastructure
    • ICT Readiness
    • Price Competitiveness
    • International Openness
    • T&T Prioritization
    • Safety and Security
  • TTCI scores range from 1 to 6, were rescaled to 0-1 using a maximum value of 6 and minimum of 1.

Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) report IASToppers

Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI) report 2019

  • India ranked 34 in this report of 2019.

Top five countries:

  • Spain
  • France
  • Germany
  • Japan
  • United States

Bottom five countries:

136         Congo, Democratic Republic                       

137         Burundi

138         Liberia  

139         Chad     

140         Yemen



For the first time in India, which Indian state has recently banned sex reassignment surgeries on infants and children?

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Tamil Nadu government has banned sex reassignment surgeries on intersex infants and children. With this Government Order, Tamil Nadu has become the first state in India to ban such surgeries.

Enrich Your Learning:

Governments statement on ban:

  • According to a World Health Organisation report, “sex normalising procedures” are medically unnecessary and often irreversible, with lifelong consequences for the physical and mental health of the intersex person.
  • The Govt. Order follows two important judgments:
    • In 2014, the Supreme Court in the landmark NALSA judgment had said that such surgeries on infants and children should be banned.
    • Earlier in 2019, Madurai bench of the Madras High Court had reiterated the Supreme Court’s stand, and suo motu asked the Secretary of Health and Family Department to ensure that this is done in the state.
  • Such surgeries should not be allowed unless there is a life-threatening situation.
  • To decide this, a committee would be formed comprising a paediatric surgeon or urologist; an endocrinologist; a social worker or psychology worker or intersex activist; and a government representative not below the rank of Under Secretary.



On January 1, 1948, the Government of India reported to the Security Council regarding a situation existing between India and Pakistan related to Jammu & Kashmir. The matter was taken under which Article of UN Charter?

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The Government of India, on January 1, 1948, reported to the Security Council regarding a situation existing between India and Pakistan related to Jammu & Kashmir was taken under Article 51 of UN Charter.

Enrich Your Learning:

Article 35 of the UN Charter

  • Articles 33-38 occur in Chapter 6 titled “Pacific Settlement of Disputes”.
  • These six Articles lay out that if the parties to a dispute that has the potential for endangering international peace and security are not able to resolve the matter through negotiations between them, or by any other peaceful means, or with the help of a “regional agency”, the Security Council may step in, with or without the invitation of one or another of the involved parties, and recommend “appropriate procedures or methods of recommendation”.
  • Specifically, Article 35 only says that any member of the UN may take a dispute to the Security Council or General Assembly.

Article 51

  • This Article occurs in Chapter 7 titled “Action with Respect to Threats to the Peace, Breaches of the Peace, and Acts of Aggression”.
  • The chapter assumes that the Security Council is already seized of the situation.
  • It says that a UN member has the “inherent right of individual or collective self-defence” if attacked, “till such time that the Security Council has taken measures necessary to maintain international peace and security”.
  • It also says that exercise of this right must be immediately reported to the Security Council by the member, and shall not in any way affect the authority and responsibility of the Security Council under the present Charter to take at any time such action as it deems necessary in order to maintain or restore international peace and security.

Other Facts:

  • The ceasefire was brokered by a United Nations Mission. The Government of India, brought the Jammu and Kashmir issue to the attention of the Security Council under Article 35 of UN Charter.
  • Title of the agenda changed from the “Jammu & Kashmir question” to the India-Pakistan question in UN Charter.
  • A ceasefire line was established on July 27, 1949, which left Pakistan with the areas of Jammu & Kashmir that were under its control on that day.
  • It was this ceasefire line that came to be termed the Line of Control in the Simla Agreement of 1972.



Malabar 2019 exercise was held at the coast of which country?

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Malabar 2019 exercise was held at the off coast of Sasebo in Japan.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Exercise Malabar’

  • ‘Malabar’ is the trilateral maritime exercise between naval forces of India, Japan and the United States.
  • The exercise endeavour to further strengthen India – Japan – US Naval cooperation and enhance interoperability, based on shared values and principles.

Malabar 2019:

  • The 23rd edition of the top-notch “Malabar” naval exercise held in Sasebo in Japan.
  • Australia being the sole “Quad” member not involved in this exercise.
  • Complex maritime operations in the surface, sub-surface and air domains were carried out.
  • Also focus on anti-submarine warfare, anti-air and anti-surface firings, maritime interdiction operations, including visit board search and seizure and tactical scenario-based exercise at the sea.
  • India has sent its stealth frigate INS Sahyadari, anti-submarine warfare corvette INS Kiltan and Poseidon-8I long-range maritime patrol aircraft.
  • This is the first time one of our P-8I aircraft has been deployed to Japan.
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