Flash Cards

Day#63 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Global Goalkeeper Award’; ‘Right Livelihood Award’; Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016; Amrabad Tiger reserve; Rogun Hydropower Plant;
By IASToppers
October 05, 2019



Recently announced Rogun Hydro-Power Plant is being constructed on which river?

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The Rogun Hydropower Plant is being constructed on the Vakhsh River in Republic of Tajikistan.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rogun Hydro-Power Plant

  • The Rogun Hydropower Plant is being constructed on the upper reaches of the Vakhsh River in the Pamir mountain ranges, Republic of
  • The project is being developed by OJSC Rogun Hydropower Plant (HPP) on behalf of the Government of Tajikistan.
  • Accounting for half of the country’s electrical installed capacity, the 3,600MW power plant will have an output capacity of 1bn kWh.
  • The plant will double the country’s energy production.
  • Part of the electrical output from the project will be sold to its neighbouring countries, especially Pakistan.


  • The project was conceptualised in the 1950s and 1960s by the Soviet Union, construction started in 1980 but was halted following the independence of Tajikistan.

Key Facts:

  • Salini Impregilo has signed a framework agreement with OJSC Rogun HPP to serve as the engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contractor for the project.
  • Rogun dam is the tallest in the world and the most powerful in the region.



Amrabad Tiger reserve of Telangana is bifurcated from which tiger reserve?

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Amrabad Tiger reserve of Telangana is bifurcated from ‘Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger reserve’, which was the largest tiger reserve in the country.

Enrich Your Learning:

Amrabad Tiger reserve

  • Amrabad Tiger Reserve lies in the Nallamala hills, Telangana.
  • It is bifurcated from ‘Nagarjunasagar-Srisailam Tiger reserve’. Which was the largest tiger reserve in the country.
  • It is the northern part of this reserve vested with Telangana state and renamed as ‘Amrabad Tiger Reserve’.
  • There are an estimated 23 Tigers in the reserve.
  • It was declared wildlife century in 1978 and Tiger reserve in 1983.
  • The forest of the century is dry and mixed deciduous and tropical moist deciduous forest.
  • It is a mystifying landscape of lofty hills and cavernous valleys, perennial rivers and exciting winding roads.
  • It has thick, forested topography on one side and deep and vast valleys on the other along with different hues to mark the seasons.
  • This tiger reserve harbours great biodiversity, comprising of around 70 species of mammals, more than 300 hundred avian varieties, 60 species of reptiles and thousands of insects and more than 600 different plant species.

Why ‘Amrabad’ was selected?

  • The Peddagatu-Lambapur area was dominated by the politically active Lambadas, who enjoyed Scheduled Tribe (ST) status in united Andhra Pradesh.
  • Amrabad, on the other hand, is dominated by the Chenchus, a ST, who are less affluent and are the most under-privileged group in Telangana.

Key Facts:

  • Amrabad contains ruins of the ancient Nagarjuna Viswa Vidyalayam run by the great Buddhist scholar Nagarjunacharya (150 AD).
  • The landscape is recovering after over two centuries of degradation by the British and the Nizam of Hyderabad.



What is the minimum thickness of plastic set by Government of India under Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016?

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Minimum thickness of plastic was set as 50 microns by Government of India under Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016.

Enrich Your Learning:

  • An eco-friendly product, which is a complete substitute of the plastic in all uses, has not been found till date.
  • In the absence of a suitable alternative, it is impractical and undesirable to impose a blanket ban on the use of plastic all over the country. The real challenge is to improve plastic waste management systems.

Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016

  • The Government of India has notified the Plastic Waste Management Rules, 2016, in suppression of the earlier Plastic Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 2011.

Aim of the Plastic Waste Management Rules

  • To increase minimum thickness of plastic carry bags from 40 to 50 microns and stipulate minimum thickness of 50 microns for plastic sheets also to facilitate collection and recycle of plastic waste.
  • Expand the jurisdiction of applicability from the municipal area to rural areas, because plastic has reached rural areas also.
  • To bring in the responsibilities of producers and generators, both in plastic waste management system and to introduce collect back system of plastic waste by the producers/ brand owners, as per extended producers responsibility.
  • To introduce collection of plastic waste management fee through pre-registration of the producers, importers of plastic carry bags/multilayered packaging and vendors selling the same for establishing the waste management system. 
  • To promote use of plastic waste for road construction as per Indian Road Congress guidelines or energy recovery, or waste to oil etc. for gainful utilization of waste and also address the waste disposal issue.
  • To entrust more responsibility on waste generators, namely payment of user charge as prescribed by local authority, collection and handing over of waste by the institutional generator, event organizers.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               

Outcome expected from the new rules includes:

  • Increase in the thickness of carry bags and plastic sheets.
  • Extended Producers Responsibility hall work out modalities for waste collection system.
  • Phasing out of manufacture and use of non- recyclable multi-layered plastic.
  • Event organiser shall segregate and manage the waste generated during such events, in accordance with the Solid Waste Management Rules.
  • Local bodies and Gram Panchayats responsible for setting up, operationalisation and co-ordination of the waste management system.
  • Retailers and street vendors are responsible for the plastic bags or plastic sheet, or multi-layered packaging not manufactured in accordance with these rules.
  • Reuse of plastic waste



Which awardee of Right Livelihood 2019 earned the name “Gandhi of Western Sahara” for nonviolent protests?

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Sahrawi human rights activist Aminatou Haidar earned the name “Gandhi of Western Sahara” or “Sahrawi Gandhi” for her nonviolent protests.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Right Livelihood Award’

  • The Right Livelihood Award was established in 1980 to “honour and support courageous people solving global problems”.
  • It has become widely known as the ‘Alternative Nobel Prize’ and there are 174 people from 70 countries have been awarded the prize.
  • Livelihood embodies the principle that each person should follow an honest occupation, which fully respects other people and the natural world.
  • It means being responsible for the consequences of our actions and taking only a fair share of the earth’s resources.
  • The award is given to the person who worked in the field of fight for justice, self-determination and a better future.

‘Right Livelihood Award’ 2019

  • On 40th Right Livelihood Awards, four people were honoured by this award.
  • Aminatou Haidar from Western Sahara.
  • Her enduring stamina and nonviolent protests earned her the moniker “Gandhi of Western Sahara.”
  • Guo Juanmei– a Chinese lawyer devoted to women’s rights
  • Davi Kopenawa Yanomami– committed to protecting indigenous rights and land
  • Greta Thunberg– Swedish climate activist



‘Global Goalkeeper Award’ is given to work done by any person in which field?

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‘Global Goalkeeper Award’ is given to any person of any age who has made contributions toward meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Global Goalkeeper Award’

  • Global Goalkeeper Award is a “special recognition” by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
  • Since 2017, it has been publishing an annual report card called ‘Goalkeepers’ that tracks global progress towards the SDGs.
  • The Goalkeeper awards felicitate changemakers around the world for their contributions toward meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
  • The awards are presented at the annual Goalkeepers function­– ‘Goalkeepers event’.


  • To accelerate SDG related progress by using powerful stories, data, and partnerships to highlight progress achieved.
  • Hold governments accountable and bring together a new generation of leaders to address the world’s major challenges.

Categories of awards at the Goalkeepers event:

  • Progress Award (age 16-30)
  • Changemaker Award (age 16-30)
  • Campaign Award (age 16-30)
  • Goalkeepers Voice Award (any age)
  • Global Goalkeeper Award (any age)


  • The Global Goalkeeper Award, awarded to Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi in ‘Goalkeepers event’ 2019.
  • The award celebrates a political leader who has “demonstrated their commitment to the Global Goals through impactful work in their country and/or globally.”
  • On Mahatma Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary, the award was given for ‘Swachh Bharat Mission’.

Key Facts:

  • In the past, US President Barack Obama, French President Emmanuel Macron, Canadian PM Justin Trudeau, Nobel Prize winners Malala Yousafzai and Nadia Murad have received this award.
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