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Day#64 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Zingiber perenense and Zingiber dimapurense; Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS); National Highway Authority of India (NHAI); 14th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD); Nobel Prize Series 2019;
By IASToppers
October 09, 2019

 

 

Which Indian cities recently hosted the Nobel Prize Series 2019?

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Answer:

Mohali and Ludhiana of Punjab hosted Nobel Prize Series 2019.

Enrich Your Learning:

Nobel Prize Series 2019

  • Punjab is being hosted the Nobel Prize Series 2019 at Mohali and Ludhiana. This year’s theme is ‘teaching and learning’.
  • This is the third such series in India and the first in Punjab.
  • It is the result of a collaboration between Nobel Media AB and the ministry of science and technology based upon an MoU signed by the government in 2016.
  • In this series, first time Nobel Media has launched an exhibition anywhere in the world.
  • During the Nobel Prize Series an exclusive Teacher Summit on 11 September 2019 is to be held.
  • In which students interact with two Nobel laureates Serge Haroche, a Nobel prize winner in Physics and Kailash Satyarthi, a Nobel peace prize winner in order to realise the vision of Alfred Nobel, the founder of the Nobel prize.

 

 

14th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is recently hosted by which country?

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Answer:

14th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is recently hosted by India.

Enrich Your Learning:

UNCCD CoP-14

  • The fourteenth session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) has been held from 2 to 13 September 2019 at the India Expo Centre and Mart, in New Delhi, India.
  • The Conference adopted the Delhi Declaration in which parties expressed commitment for a range of issues, including gender and health, ecosystem restoration, taking action on climate change, private sector engagement, Peace Forest Initiative and recovery of degraded land in India.
  • UNCCD COP14 agreed on 36 decisions to ramp up and elaborate further action on the ground to ensure that the Convention’s goals for 2018-2030 are achieved.

Takeaway messages of COP-14:

  • Land restoration is the cheapest solution to climate change and biodiversity loss.
  • Land restoration makes business sense if regulations and incentives to reward investment are in place.
  • Drought preparedness and response are critical in the face of climate change.
  • To put people first is to ensure gender balance, engage youth, secure land rights.

Key Facts:

  • The Conference of the Parties (COP) started its biennial sessions from 2001. Earlier it was an annual summit.
  • The first session of COP was held at Rome (Italy) in 1997 while the last session was held at Ordos (China) in 2017.

 

 

The two new species of ginger, Zingiber perenense and Zingiber dimapurense have been discovered from which state of India?

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Answer:

The two new species of ginger, Zingiber perenense and Zingiber dimapurense have been discovered from Nagaland.

Enrich Your Learning:

New species of Ginger:

  • Botanical Survey of India (BSI) have discovered two new species of Zingiber, commonly referred to as ginger, from Nagaland.
  • Zingiber perenense has been discovered from the Peren district of Nagaland.
  • Leafy shoots of Zingiber perenense reach up to 70 cm in height.
  • Zingiber dimapurense was found in the Dimapur district of Nagaland.
  • It is taller in size, with leafy shoots measuring 90-120 cm high.

Key Facts:

  • The genus Zingiber has 141 species distributed throughout Asia, Australia and the South Pacific, with its centre of diversity in Southeast Asia.
  • More than 20 species have been found in northeastern India.

 

 

National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has signed a memorandum of understanding for satellite mapping of highways with which organisation?

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Answer:

For satellite mapping of highways National Highways Authority of India (NHAI) has signed a memorandum of understanding with Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

Enrich Your Learning:

National Highway Authority of India (NHAI)

  • National Highways Authority of India was set up by an act of the Parliament, NHAI Act, 1988.
  • It is an autonomous agency of the Government of India, responsible for management of a network of National Highways in India.
  • It is a nodal agency of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways.
  • NHAI has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the Indian Space Research Organisation for satellite mapping of highways.

Objective

  • To ensure that all contract awards and procurements conform to the best industry practices with regard to transparency of process, implementation of projects confirm to best quality requirements and the highway system is maintained to ensure best user comfort and convenience.

Functions:

  • To develop, maintain and manage National Highways vested in it by the Government.
  • To collect fees on National Highways, regulate and control the plying of vehicles on National Highways for its proper management.
  • To develop and provide consultancy and construction services in India and abroad and carry on research activities in relation to the development, maintenance and management of highways or any other facilities there at.
  • To advise the Central Government on matters relating to highways.
  • To assist on such terms and conditions as may be mutually agreed upon, any State Government in the formulation and implementation of schemes for highway development.
  • It is mandated to implement National Highways Development Project (NHDP) which is India’s largest ever Highways Project in a phased manner.

Key Facts:

  • The total length of NH (including expressways) in the country at present is 1,32,499 kms.
  • Although National Highways constitute only about 2 per cent of the road network, it carries 40 per cent of the total road traffic.

 

 

Who developed Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS)?

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Answer:

National Informatics Centre of India developed Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS).

Enrich Your Learning:

Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS)

  • Centralized Public Grievance Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS) is an online web-enabled system over NICNET (ICT Network of National Informatics Centre).
  • It was developed by NIC, in association with Directorate of Public Grievances (DPG) and Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG).
  • CPGRAMS is the platform based on web technology.

Aim:

  • To enable submission of grievances by the aggrieved citizens from anywhere and anytime (24×7) basis to Ministries/ Departments/Organizations who scrutinize and take action for speedy and favourable redress of these grievances.
  • Tracking grievances is facilitated on this portal through the system generated unique registration number.

Issues which are not taken up for redress

  • Subjudice cases or any matter concerning judgment given by any court.
  • Personal and family disputes.
  • RTI matters.
  • Anything that impacts upon territorial integrity of the country or friendly relations with other countries.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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