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Day#65 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS); Typhoon Faxai;B.P. Singhal VS Union of India (2010) case; Mukhyamantri Assistance Scheme; Narmada Bachao Andolan (NAB);
By IASToppers
October 09, 2019

 

 

Who was the chief activist leading the Narmada Bachao Andolan (NAB)?

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Answer:

Megha Patkar, an activist led the Narmada Bachao Andolan (NAB).

Enrich Your Learning:

Narmada Bachao Andolan (NAB)

  • NAB is a movement that is fighting against the construction of large dams on Narmada river in Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh.
  • NBA claims the dam projects as disastrous Narmada Valley dams project.
  • NBA mobilised itself against the epitome of unsustainable development, both for its huge ecological impact and the displacement of about a million people.
  • The movement currently led by activist Medha Patkar. Baba Amte (1914-2008) was also an activist associated with this movement.

 

 

Mukhyamantri Assistance Scheme is recently launched by which state government?

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Answer:

Mukhyamantri Assistance Scheme is recently launched by Madhya Pradesh government.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mukhyamantri Assistance Scheme of Madhya Pradesh

  • Government of Madhya Pradesh has come out with a scheme for tribal to lend support on traditional occasions.
  • Customs in tribes of MP include throwing a feast on the occasion of a child birth and also ‘mrityubhoj’— a gathering organised after a death in the family.
  • The programme aims to help beneficiaries avoid borrowing from local moneylenders for organising these gatherings.
  • The scheme will be implemented in 89 tribal blocks across 20 districts, where the tribal population is 80.67 lakh.
  • Under this programme, in case of a childbirth, a beneficiary family will receive either 50 kg wheat or rice depending on the block.

Key Fact:

  • MP constitute 21.09 per cent tribal of the state’s population.
  • As many as 47 of the 230 Assembly constituencies in the state are reserved for tribal in MP.

 

 

B.P. Singhal VS Union of India (2010) case was related to which matter?

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Answer:

B.P. Singhal VS Union of India (2010) case was about the power of President for the removal of Governor.

Enrich Your Learning:

B.P. Singhal VS Union of India (2010) case

  • In this case, the newly elected central government had removed the Governors of Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana and Goa in July, 2004 after the 14th Lok Sabha election.
  • When these removals were challenged, the Supreme Court held:
    • The President, in effect the central government, has the power to remove a Governor at any time without giving him or her any reason, and without granting an opportunity to be heard.
    • The power of removing Governors should only be exercised in rare and exceptional circumstances for valid and compelling reasons and not in an arbitrary, capricious or unreasonable manner.
    • The mere reason that a Governor is at variance with the policies and ideologies of the central government, or that the central government has lost confidence in him or her, is not sufficient to remove a Governor. Thus, a change in central government cannot be a ground for removal of Governors, or to appoint more favourable persons to this post.
    • A decision to remove a Governor can be challenged in a court of law.

Suggestions by SC and various commissions on role of a Governor:

  • The dual role of the Governor— as the constitutional head of the State government and as a vital link between the State and Union governments.
  • Not an employee of the Union Government, nor the agent of the party in power nor required to act under the dictates of political parties.
  • Governor should be an impartial or neutral Umpire where the views of the Union Government and State Governments are in conflict.
  • Governor should be a person who has not taken too great a part in politics generally, and particularly in the recent past.

 

 

In earlier stage of Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) raw food grains were provided to children. True or False?

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Answer:

True.

  • In earlier stage of Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS) raw food grains were provided. In 2001, a prepared Mid-Day Meal was started to serve.

Enrich Your Learning:

Mid-Day Meal Scheme (MDMS)

  • The National Programme of Nutritional Support to Primary Education (NP-NSPE) was launched as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme on 15th August 1995.
  • The scheme was started with a view to enhance enrolment, retention and attendance and simultaneously improve nutritional levels among children by providing free food grains to government run primary schools.
  • The scheme includes children studying in Classes I to VIII of Government, Government – aided schools, Special Training centres (STC) and Madarasas and Maktabs supported under the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

Background:

  • In 2001 MDMS became a cooked Mid-Day Meal Scheme under which every child in every Government and Government aided primary school was to be served a prepared Mid-Day Meal.
  • The Scheme was further extended in 2002 to cover not only children studying in Government, Government aided and local body schools, but also children studying in Education Guarantee Scheme (EGS) and Alternative & Innovative Education (AIE) centres.

Meal provision

  • A cooked mid-day meal with 450 calories and 12 g of protein to every child at primary level.
  • This energy and protein requirement for a primary child comes from cooking 100 g of rice/flour, 20 g pulses and 50 g vegetables and 5 g oil.
  • 700 calories and 20 g of protein at upper primary level which comes from 150 g of rice/flour, 30 g of pulses and 75 g of vegetables and 7.5 g of oil.

Key Fact:

  • In 1925, a Mid-Day Meal Programme was introduced for disadvantaged children in Madras Municipal Corporation.

 

 

Recent Typhoon Faxai made landfall in which city of the world?

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Answer:

Typhoon Faxai made landfall in city of Chiba, Japan.

Enrich Your Learning:

Typhoon Faxai 

  • Typhoon Faxai was a powerful typhoon with potentially record winds of up to 216 kilometres (134 miles) per hour.
  • Typhoon Faxai made landfall near the city of Chiba, east of the capital before dawn, after barrelling through Tokyo Bay.
  • It is one of the strongest typhoons in the Kanto region. The typhoon brought heavy rain fall in the region.
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