CA-FC-Day-67-2020-iastoppers-
Flash Cards

Day#67 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Contribution of V P Menon; International Astronomical Union (IAU); Sittannavasal: relics from the 2nd century B.C.; High rate of farmer suicide; Mitag typhoon;
By IASToppers
October 10, 2019

 

 

Recently, a typhoon named Mitag caused havoc in East Asian nations. It originated in which ocean?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • Mitag is the 18th storm of the year originated in Western Pacific Ocean.

Enrich Your Learning:

The western Pacific Ocean is the most active basin for tropical cyclones on Earth. Typhoon ‘Mitag’ originated in this ocean. This typhoon impacted Taiwan and Japan’s southernmost Ryukyu Islands with high winds and heavy rains, then brushed by eastern China before heading towards South Korea. These Western Pacific systems of typhoons and storms can form any time of year, there really is no season.

 

 

In recent times, which region in the state of Punjab is grappling with the high rate of farmer’s suicide due to farm debt?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • Malwa

Enrich Your Learning:

High rate of farmer suicide in Malwa region of Punjab

  • Over the past few years, ‘farm debt’ has been one of the main reasons behind farmers and farm labourers committing suicide in Punjab
  • 97% of farmer suicides are taking place in the Malwa region only.
  • Malwa has a majority of ‘small and marginal’ farmers’, who have 1-5 acres’ land.

Reasons for high suicide rate

  • The 73-95 per cent earnings are used up just paying the land rent.
  • The farmers cannot get alternative employment opportunities in Malwa.
  • In the region a large number of farmers have to spend a chunk of their earnings on health issues including cancer which is common in the Malwa region.
  • The highly contaminated groundwater is one of the reasons for high cancer cases.

 

 

The Sittannavasal rock-cut cave temples of Tamil Nadu are dedicated to which religion?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

Jainism

Enrich Your Learning:

Sittannavasal: relics from the 2nd century B.C.

  • The Sittannavasal rock-cut cave temple is believed to be an ancient abode for Jains when Jainism flourished in the region till the 10th century A.D.
  • The rock cut cave temples have beautiful frescoes, sculptures of Jain Theerthangaras and stone beds atop a hillock.
  • The numerous dolmens, stone circles and other forms of megalithic relics in the vicinity of Sittannavasal indicate the prehistoric and proto-historic antiquity of the region.
  • The temple is now a protected monument under the Archaeological Survey of India.
  • The Sittannavasal village itself dates back to the 1st century B.C.

 

 

Which organization serves as the internationally recognized authority for assigning designations to celestial bodies?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

International Astronomical Union (IAU)

Enrich Your Learning:

International Astronomical Union (IAU)

  • The International Astronomical Union (IAU) was founded in 1919.
  • Its mission is to promote and safeguard the science of astronomy in all its aspects, including research, communication, education and development, through international cooperation.
  • Its individual Members — structured into Divisions, Commissions, and Working Groups— are professional astronomers from all over the world.
  • In addition, the IAU collaborates with various scientific organizations all over the world.
  • The IAU is a member of the International Science Council (ISC).
  • The key activity of the IAU is the organization of scientific meeting. Every year the IAU sponsors 9 international IAU Symposia.
  • Among the other tasks of the IAU includes the definition of fundamental astronomical and physical constants; unambiguous astronomical nomenclature and informal discussions on the possibilities for future international large-scale facilities.
  • The IAU serves as the internationally recognized authority for assigning designations to celestial bodies and surface features on them.
  • In 2019, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) is celebrating its 100th anniversary. To commemorate this milestone, the IAU is organising a year-long celebration to increase awareness of a century of astronomical discoveries as well as to support and improve the use of astronomy as a tool for education, development and diplomacy under the central theme “Under One Sky”.
  • It also works to promote research, education and public outreach activities in astronomy for the public. These activities culminated with the organization of the UNESCO International Year of Astronomy in 2009, which reached out to over 800 million people from 148 countries. 
  • In 2015, it has created the Office of Young Astronomers.
  • The IAU has recently launched an international call to establish the Office of Astronomy for Education(OAE) in 2019.

 

 

Which eminent person assisted Sardar Vallabhai Patel in the integration of India in 1947?

Click to View the Answer
Click to View the Question

Answer:

  • V P Menon or Vappala Pangunni Menon

Enrich Your Learning:

Contribution of V P Menon

  • Born on September 30, 1893, Menon was the Secretary in the Ministry of States which was established by the Government of India in 1947 to deal with the accession of princely states.
  • His greatest contribution was coming up with the original policy on accession that required the princely states to accede only in the three matters of defence, external affairs and communications.
  • He thought that since these matters were non-controversial, it would be accepted easily by the rulers.
  • It was him travelling across the country and persuading different Maharajas and Nawabs to accede.
  • It was Menon’s policy piloted by Sardar Patel that was finally reflected in the Instrument of Accession (IoA) executed by the states becoming a part of the Union of India in 1947.
  • In a letter dated September 29, 1949, Menon writes to Sheikh Abdullah proposing an initial formula for the draft Article 370.
Topics
Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
Tags

Facebook

My Favourite Articles

  • Your favorites will be here.

Calendar Archive

October 2019
M T W T F S S
« Sep    
 123456
78910111213
14151617181920
21222324252627
28293031