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Flash Cards

Day#68 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

T-Wallet for cash withdrawals; Nandankanan Zoological Park; Sardar Sarovar Dam; 2019’s International Hrant Dink Award; 11th International Hrant Dink Award; Carbaryl pesticide;
By IASToppers
October 11, 2019

 

 

Researchers of IIT Bombay have identified a soil bacterial strain which is believed to be a complete remediation of which hazardous substance?

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Enrich Your Learning:

  • Recently, researchers of IIT Bombay have identified a soil bacterial strain from the campus that helps in “complete remediation” of the carbaryl pesticide.
  • The newly isolated bacterial strain utilises the pesticide as its source of carbon and nitrogen for its growth.
  • The researchers also able to identify the genes responsible and the metabolic pathway involved in the complete metabolism and bioremediation process.
  • The bacterial strain comes under the Pseudomonas genus and was able to grow well on medium supplemented with very high concentration of carbaryl.
  • The bacterium has special genes responsible for carbaryl degradation.
  • These genes might be acquired by bacterium from other related microbes that are capable of breaking down hazardous compounds.
  • This process of movement of genetic material between organisms is called ‘horizontal gene transfer’ and is different from vertical gene transfer from parent to offspring.

Carbaryl pesticide

  • Carbaryl pesticide continues to be used in the agricultural sector in spite of experimental studies in laboratory animals suggesting it to be a probable carcinogen to humans.
  • Carbaryl is also persistent in nature leading to pollution of both soil and water ecosystems.

 

 

Who was the recipient of 2019’s International Hrant Dink Award?

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Answer:

Agnes Kharshiing who works for the rights of the poor, women, children and the disadvantaged in the region where she lives received the 11th International Hrant Dink Award, 2019.

Enrich Your Learning:

International Hrant Dink Award

  • The International Hrant Dink Award has been granted every year since 2009 on September 15th, which is the birthday of Hrant Dink.
  • International Hrant Dink Award is presented every year to individuals, organizations or groups that work for a free and just world free from discrimination, racism and violence, who take personal risks for achieving those ideals, who break the stereotypes and use the language of peace and by doing so give inspiration and hope to others.
  • Aim for giving this award is to remind to all those who struggle for these ideals that their voices are heard, their works are visible, they are not alone, and also to encourage everyone to fight for their ideals.
  • Each year the award is granted to two individuals; one from Turkey and one from
  • The name of the award winners is announced to the public during the award ceremony under the title of “Sparks” or “Inspirations”.

11th International Hrant Dink Award

  • The eleventh International Hrant Dink Award was presented on September 15th, 2019 with a ceremony held at the Istanbul Lütfi Kırdar International Convention and Exhibition Centre.
  • This year’s awards were granted to:
    • Nebahat Akkoç, who works tirelessly to raise awareness among women on women’s human rights and opposes male violence.
    • Agnes Kharshiing from India who defends the rights of the poor, women, children and the disadvantaged in the region where she lives and also struggles for environmental rights.
  • As part of the ceremony, the people and organizations from Turkey and from around the world, who raise hope for the future with their actions were saluted with the video ‘Inspirations 2019’.

 

 

Which states of India are covered under the Sardar Sarovar Project?

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Answer:

Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan are covered under the Sardar Sarovar Project.

Enrich Your Learning:

Sardar Sarovar Dam

  • The Sardar Sarovar Project is one of the largest water resources project of India covering four major states – Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Rajasthan.
  • Dam’s spillway discharging capacity (30.7 lakhs cusecs) would be third highest in the world. Gazenba (1.13 lac cumecs) in China and Tucurri (1.0 lac cumecs) in Brazil being the first two.
  • With 1133 cumecs (40000 cusecs) capacity at the head regulator, and 532 km. length, the Narmada Main Canal would be the largest irrigation canal in the world.
  • The dam will be the third highest concrete dam (163 meters) in India, the first two being Bhakra (226 metres) in Himachal Pradesh and Lakhwar (192 meters) in Uttar Pradesh.
  • In terms of the volume of concrete involved for gravity dams, this dam will be ranking as the second largest in the world. The first is Grand Coule Dam in USA.

Power:

  • The dam has two power houses – canal head powerhouse and river bed powerhouse — with an installed capacity of 250 MW and 1,200 MW respectively.
  • The power that will be generated from the Sardar Sarovar dam will be shared by three states — Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra.

 

 

Which is the only zoological park in India who became an institutional member of World Association of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA)?

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Answer:

Nandankanan Zoological Park is the only zoological park in India became an institutional member of World Association of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA).

Enrich Your Learning:

Nandankanan Zoological Park

  • Nandankanan Zoological Park is a premier large zoo of India located near Odisha’s capital, Bhubaneswar.
  • The zoo is built right inside the forest and set in a completely natural environment.
  • The park is nicknamed as ‘The garden of heaven’ or ‘Garden of the Gods’.

Some facts about Nandankanan Zoological Park:

  • It is the first zoo in the World to breed White tiger and Melanistic tiger.
  • It is the only conservation breeding centre of Indian Pangolins in the world.
  • It is the only zoological park in India to become an institutional member of World Association of Zoos and Aquarium (WAZA).
  • It is the only zoo in India after which an express train Puri-New Delhi express has been named as “Nandankanan Express”.
  • It is the first zoo in India where endangered Ratel (honey badger) was born in captivity.

 

 

T-Wallet for cash withdrawals as its official digital wallet is launched by which Indian state?

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Answer:

  • T Wallet is the official digital wallet of Telangana State.

Enrich Your Learning:

T-Wallet for cash withdrawals

  • T Wallet is the official digital wallet of Telangana State, was launched on June 01, 2017.
  • T Wallet is available as ‘Any Time Any Where’ digital payment option for Everyone.

Features:

  • Citizens can use T Wallet to make payments for both Government and Private transactions to avail services and is integrated with various Government departments.
  • Streenidhi SHG loan repayments are being enabled through T Wallet.
  • T Wallet serves through Online Web Browser, Smart Phone, Feature Phone and even No phone.
  • Citizens with feature phone or no Phone can use Mee Seva centres to open T Wallet, Load money into wallet and make payments with no service charge.
  • The wallet supports Telugu, Urdu and English.
  • T Wallet uses two factor authentication, through Aadhaar + Biometric or Aadhaar + OTP to Aadhaar linked mobile number, for feature phone and no phone users.
  • Once the additional service is launched, T-Wallet would be a bi-directional wallet wherein government can deposit amounts in the digital wallet for various schemes such as student scholarships, Aasara pensions and Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MNREGA) wages, among other things.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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