- To make an exhaustive study of the problem of state reorganisation, the Government of India set-up State Reorganisation Commission in 1953 which was headed by Fazal Ali.
More about the committee:
- The other members of the commission were Hriday Nath Kunzru and K M Panikkar.
- The commission, in its report submitted in 1955, accepted the language as the basis of reorganisation of the States.
- It suggested the reorganisation of 27 states of various categories into 16 states and 3 union territories.
Some of the important recommendations of the Commission were;
- The Indian Union was to consist of 16 States as against the existing 27 and three centrally and ministered territories.
- Special safeguards were recommended for linguistic minorities.
- In the interests of national unity and good administration, the Commission—recommended the reconstitution of certain All India Services. It further recommended that at least 50 per cent of the new entrants to the All India Services and at least one third of the number of Judges in a High Court should consist of persons recruited from outside that State so that, administration might inspire confidence and help in arresting parochial trends.
- The Commission put emphasis on the need for encouraging the study of Indian languages other than Hindi but, for some time to come, English continue to occupy an important place in the universities and institutions of higher learning.
- The Commission rejected the demand for the creation of a Punjabi Speaking State (Punjabi Suba) because “the creation of such a state will solve neither the language nor the communal problem”.
- The State Reorganisation Act, 1956 was passed by parliament to give effect to the recommendations of the commission.