Answer & Enrich Your Learning:
About Exercise HimVijay
- It is a military being conducted by Indian military in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam with its newly created Integrated Battle Groups (IBG) involving 15,000 troops. This is the first exercise of Mountain Strike Corps of IBG raised to meet any threat from China.
What are Integrated Battle Groups?
About Integrated Battle Groups (IBGs)
- IBGs are brigade-sized, self-sufficient combat formations, which can swiftly launch strikes against adversaryin case of hostilities.
- Each IBG would be tailor-made based on Threat, Terrain and Task (3 Ts)and resources will be allotted based on the three Ts.
- They will be able to mobilise within 12-48 hrsbased on the location.
- The composition of IBGs will depend upon whether it is defensive or offensive. While the offensive IBGs would quickly make thrust into enemy territory for strikes, defensive IBGs would hold ground at vulnerable points or where enemy action is expected.
How does IBGs fit into current Indian Military Structure?
- While a commandis the largest static formation of the Army spread across a defined geography, a corps is the largest mobile Typically, each corps has three divisions and each division has three brigades.
- The aim is to reorganise brigades into IBGs which are brigade-sized units but have all the essential elements like infantry, armoured, artillery and air defenceembedded together based on the three Ts.
- During the 2001 terrorist attack on the Parliament, the Indian military took weeks to mobilise army losing the element of surprise.
- Following this, the Army formulated a proactive doctrine known as ‘Cold Start’ to launch swift offensive.
- Moreover, Indian Army has initiated four major studies to undertake overall transformation of the force.
- Restructuring of Army Headquarters
- Force restructuring which includes creation of Integrated Battle Groups (IBG)
- The cadre review of officers
- Review of the terms and conditions of Junior Commissioned Officers and Other Ranks.