Flash Card

Day#79 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON); Asia Environmental Enforcement Awards; Gharana Wetland; Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA); Location of Eritrea;
By IASToppers
October 30, 2019

 

 

Recently, a country named Eritrea was seen in the news. Eritrea belongs to which part of African continent: A) North East Africa B) South East Africa?

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Solution:

Eritrea is a northeast African country on the Red Sea coast. It shares borders with Ethiopia, Sudan. Recently, the Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded Nobel Peace Prize for 2019 to Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed Ali for his efforts to end the country’s conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Eritrea:

  • Eritrea is located in North East Africa.
  • It is bordered by Sudan to the north and west, Ethiopia to the south, Djibouti to the south-east and the Red Sea to the north and north-east.
  • Eritrea have the Dahlak Archipelago and other islands along with the Red Sea coast.
  • The major rivers in Eritrea are the Anseba and Barka river.

Location of Eritrea

 

 

Recently, Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) in the news. What is CAATSA?

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Solution:

Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA) is federal law passed by the US. It imposes ban on Iran, North Korea, Russia.

Enrich Your Learning:

Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA):

Why in news?

  • Recently, US warn all of its allies to forgo transactions with Russia that risk triggering sanctions under the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (CAATSA).

Background:

  • In October 2018, India inked the historic agreement with Russia to procure four S-400 Triumf surface-to-air missile defence system, the most powerful missile defence system in the world ignoring the CAATSA act.
  • The U.S. threatened India with sanctions over India’s decision to buy the S-400 missile defense system.

About CAATSA law:

  • The Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act, CAATSA is a United States federal law that imposed sanctions on Iran, North Korea, and Russia.
  • The aim of the CAATSA law is to prevent revenue from flowing to the Russian Government.
  • The Act empowers the US President to impose at least five of the 12 listed sanctions on persons engaged in a “significant transaction” with Russian defence and intelligence sectors.

 

 

Recently the Gharana Wetland was notified as the Important Bird Area. Give the location of Gharana wetland.

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Solution:

Gharana wetland is located along the border with Pakistan in Ranbir Singh Pura tehsil of Jammu district.

Enrich Your Learning:

Gharana wetland: Why in news?

  • Recently, around 5,000 migratory birds have arrived at the Gharana Wetland Conservation Reserve in the outer parts of Jammu.

About Gharana Wetland:

Location:

  • Gharana wetland is located along the border with Pakistan in RS Pura tehsil of Jammu district.
  • Gharana is surrounded by wetlands of Makwal, Kukdian, Abdullian and Pargwal where hundreds of migratory birds, including the bar-headed goose species arrive during the winter.

Key facts:

  • Gharana wetland is a notified wetland conservation reserve under the Jammu and Kashmir Wildlife Protection Act 1978.
  • It has international recognition as one of the Important Bird Areas (IBAs) in the world, declared by BirdLife International (UK) and Bombay Natural History Society (BNHS).

 

 

The Asia Environmental Enforcement Award is given by which organization?

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Solution:

It is given by the United Nations Environment Programme.

Enrich Your Learning:

Asia Environmental Enforcement Awards:

  • This Awards is given by the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) in partnership with the,
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),
  • The Secretariat of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora,

About award:

  • The purpose of the Asia Environmental Enforcement Awards is to publicly recognise outstanding achievements by public organisations and individuals in Asia to combat transboundary environmental crime.
  • 2019 Awards will be given to recipients who demonstrate leadership in 6 categories: Collaboration; Impact; Innovation; Integrity and Gender leadership.
  • There is also a separate category for Africa-Asia cooperation in the area of illegal trade in wildlife.

Eligibility:

  • Any government official and/or government institution or team working on fighting transboundary environmental crime in Asia OR on fostering Africa-Asia cooperation in the area of illegal trade in wildlife.

Need for such award:

  • Transboundary environmental crime presents a serious threat in Asia region. Illegal trade in wildlife undermines conservation efforts, harms economies, devastates livelihoods and compromises ecosystems.
  • Illegal trade in wildlife also takes place on the routes between Africa and Asia at significant scale.
  • The Asia region is also one of the main destinations for illegally traded chemicals and waste. Millions of tonnes of hazardous waste and harmful chemicals are transported to and within Asia, with disastrous effects for human health and the environment.

 

 

Recently, NASA launched Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) satellite. What are the objectives of the ICON?

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Solution:

Objectives of ICON

  • To study variations which can result in distortions of the radio communications and GPS signals travel through ionosphere.
  • Variations in ionosphere due to solar radiations and other effects from earth can result in distortions or even complete disruption of signals.
  • To understand what drives variability in the ionosphere.
  • To pave the way for mitigating space environment effects on our technology, communications systems and society.

Enrich Your Learning:

Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON):

  • The Ionospheric Connection Explorer will study the frontier of space: the dynamic zone high in our atmosphere where terrestrial weather from below meets space weather above.
  • Four instruments have been sent along with ICON for measuring wind speed, temperature, speed of ions and light emitted from the ion by ultraviolet cameras.
  • Currently, ICON has been designed for two year’s mission.

Need:

  • To study variations which can result in distortions of the radio communications and GPS signals travel through ionosphere.
  • Variations in ionosphere due to solar radiations and other effects from earth can result in distortions or even complete disruption of signals.
  • To understand what drives variability in the ionosphere.
  • To pave the way for mitigating space environment effects on our technology, communications systems and society.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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