Flash Card

Day#81 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘The State of the World’s Children’ Report; Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan – SUMAN scheme; Discovery of 20 new moons; NATIONAL E-ASSESSMENT CENTRE (NeAC); SARAS Aajeevika Mela; etc.
By IASToppers
November 01, 2019



As per the ‘The State of the World’s Children’ Report, which country has the highest number of deaths among children under five year in 2018?

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India has the highest number of deaths among children under five per year in 2018 followed by the Nigeria, Pakistan and Republic of Congo.

Enrich Your Learning:

The State of the World’s Children’ Report:

  • The State of the World’s Children Report is UNICEF’s annual flagship publication.
  • The theme of this year’s edition is: Children, food and nutrition.

Global scenario:

  • For the first time in 20 years, UNICEF’s flagship report examines the issue of children, food and nutrition, providing a fresh perspective on a rapidly evolving challenge.
  • Despite progress in the past two decades, one third of children under age 5 are malnourished – stunted, wasted or overweight – while two thirds are at risk of malnutrition and hidden hunger because of the poor quality of their diets.
  • This puts children at risk of poor brain development, weak learning, low immunity, increased infections and, in many cases, death.
  • It describes a triple burden of malnutrition: Undernutrition, hidden hunger caused by a lack of essential nutrients, and overweight among children under the age of five.

Indian scenario:

  • In India, every second child is affected by some form of malnutrition.
  • 35% of Indian children suffer from stunting due to lack of nutrition, 17% suffer from wasting, 33% are underweight and 2% are overweight.
  • Among countries in South Asia, India fares the worst (54%) on prevalence of children under five who are either stunted, wasted or overweight.
  • It has the highest burden of deaths among children under five per year, with over 8 lakh deaths in 2018.
  • One in five children under age 5 has vitamin A deficiency, which is a severe health problem in 20 states.
  • Every second woman in the country is anaemic, as are 40.5% children.
  • One in ten children are pre-diabetic.
  • Poverty, urbanisation as well as climate change are some of the factors that are driving poor diet.



What is the main objective of SARAS Aajeevika Mela?

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SARAS Aajeevika Mela is an initiative by the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM) for bring the rural women SHGs – Self Help Groups under one platform to help them to show their skills, sell their products and build linkages with buyers.

Enrich Your Learning:

SARAS Aajeevika Mela:

  • Recently, The Ministry of Rural Development has organized SARAS Aajeevika Mela at India gate.
  • SARAS Aajeevika Mela is an initiative by the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Rural Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NRLM).
  • The Mela is organised by the marketing arm of the Ministry, Council for Advancement of People’s Action and Rural Technology (CAPART).
  • It aims to bring the rural women Self Help Groups (SHGs) formed with support of DAY-NRLM to show-case their skills, sell their products, understand the demand of urban customers. and help them build linkages with bulk buyers.

SARAS Aajeevika Mela



Which entity recently ordered the creation of NATIONAL E-ASSESSMENT CENTRE (NeAC) to facilitate faceless assessment via completely electronic communication?

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Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT), which frames policy for Income-tax department ordered to create NATIONAL E-ASSESSMENT CENTRE (NeAC) to facilitate faceless assessment of income-tax returns via completely electronic communication.

Enrich Your Learning:

E-assessment scheme 2019:

Why in news?

Recently, Central government has launched the faceless assessment system in the Income Tax department and also inaugurated the National e-Assessment Centre.


  • Under the new system of faceless e-Assessment, tax payers will receive notices specifying the issues for which their cases have been selected for scrutiny.
  • The replies to the notices can be prepared at ease by the tax payers at their own residence or office and be sent by email to the National e-Assessment Centre by uploading the same on the designated web portal.



  • Eliminates human interface between Assessing Officer and Assessee
  • Introduces team based assessment with dynamic jurisdiction
  • Ease of compliance for taxpayers
  • Brings transparency and efficiency
  • Functional specialisation as only one agency dealing with faceless assessment
  • Expeditious disposal of cases



  • NeAC will be an independent office that will look after the work of e-Assessment scheme notified for faceless e-assessment for income tax payers.
  • There would be a NeAC in Delhi to be headed by Principal Chief Commissioner of Income Tax.
  • There are 8 Regional e-Assessment Centres (ReAC) set up at Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata Ahmedabad, Pune, Bengaluru and Hyderabad.
  • Each ReAC will be headed by Chief Commissioner of Income Tax (CCIT).
  • Cases for the specified work shall be assigned by the NeAC to different units by way of automated allocation systems.



Recently, International Astronomical Union announced the discovery of 20 new moons around which planet of the solar system?

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Recently, the International Astronomical Union announced that twenty new moons have been found around Saturn. Now the total 82 moons around Saturn.

Enrich Your Learning:

New discovery about Saturn:

  • Recently, the International Astronomical Union announced, twenty new moons have been found around Saturn, giving the ringed planet a total of 82 moons.
  • That beats Jupiter and its 79 moons.
  • Hawaii based telescope spotted Saturn’s 20 new moons.
  • This was announced by the International Astronomical Union’s Minor Planet Center.

discovery about Saturn

  • All 20 moons are tiny. S17 of them have retrograde orbits (they move around Saturn in the opposite direction to the planet’s rotation). The other three circle in the same direction that Saturn rotates.
  • The 17 retrograde moons belong to the Norse group of Saturn satellites, which share the same basic orbital parameters. Amon remaining 3 moons, the two innermost moons are believed to be from Inuit group, and the outermost moon belong to the Gallic group.
  • The new discovery plays a crucial role in helping determine how solar system’s planets formed and evolved. The newfound moons’ existence suggests that the impacts that created them occurred after Saturn was fully formed.
  • These moons are the remnants of the objects that helped form the planets.



Which scheme is launched by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to reduce preventable maternal and new born deaths in India: A) MAATRIVA OR B) JANANI OR C) SHISHU OR D) SUMAN?

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Recently, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare launched Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan – SUMAN scheme with an aim to reduce preventable maternal and new born deaths in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan – SUMAN scheme:

  • SUMAN scheme was launched by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW).
  • It aims to provide assured quality antenatal care, free of cost, universally to all pregnant women on the 9th of every month, up to 6 months after delivery.
  • It envisages to improve the Antenatal Care (ANC) and Diagnostics and Counselling services as part of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy.
  • The programme motivates private practitioners to volunteer for the campaign.
  • ‘IPledgeFor9’ Achievers Awards have been devised to celebrate individual and team achievements and acknowledge voluntary contributions for PMSMA across India.
  • Pregnant women would be given Mother and Child Protection Cards.

Services under SUMAN:

  • At least four ante natal check-ups, Iron Folic Acid supplementation and Tetanus diptheria injection to pregnant women.
  • Home-based newborn care visits to beneficiaries.
  • Zero expense access to the identification and management of complications during and after the pregnancy.
  • Free transport from home to health institutions for women.
  • Assured referral services with scope of reaching health facility within one hour of any critical case emergency.

Objectives of the program:

  • Ensure care provision by a physician/specialist in at least one ante-natal visit in the second or third trimester
  • Special emphasis on women with malnutrition conditions like Anemia.
  • Special focus on adolescent and early pregnancies, as these pregnancies need extra and specialized care.
  • Improve the quality of care during ante-natal visits.

Target beneficiaries:

  • The program aims to guarantees a minimum package of antenatal care services to all Pregnant Women who are in the 2nd or 3rd Trimesters of pregnancy.


  • The scheme will largely help in bringing down maternal and infant mortality rates in the country.
  • It will provide a positive and stress-free birth experience to the mother and newborn.
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