Turkmenistan is NOT a member to The Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards. Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are the members.
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About the Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards:
- 12 Range countries of Snow Leopard have signed the Bishkek Declaration.
- Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.
Mandate [As mentioned in the declaration]:
At the Government Level
- Evaluate and map the current status of key snow leopard populations and habitats to set baselines and indicators against which to assess future change, conduct economic valuation of snow leopard habitats, and intensify scientific research and monitoring to support future policy and action.
- Anti-poaching measures and stop illegal trade of snow leopards and other wild life.
- Adopting comprehensive legislation strengthening national law-enforcement systems, enhancing national, sub regional, regional, and international collaboration, and developing effective mechanisms to eliminate the illegal demand for snow leopard and other wildlife products.
- Increase bilateral and regional cooperation for snow leopard conservation in transboundary landscapes.
- Strengthen capacity for community-based conservation, law enforcement support, and wildlife and ecosystem management, among policy makers, front-line managers and staff, community leaders, and civil society by supporting knowledge exchange and communities of practice and communication and cooperation among stakeholders.
At the Community Level
- Enhance the role of local communities in snow leopard conservation efforts by adopting and implementing policies and laws that favour the involvement of such communities as stewards of biodiversity and champions of conservation.
- Intensify conservation efforts in the large landscapes required for snow leopard survival by identifying and designating critical habitats of key snow leopard populations as no-go areas for destructive land uses, maintaining their integrity and connectivity through natural corridors, and strengthening their protection on the ground.
- Encourage meaningful participation of industry and the private sector in snow leopard conservation. Ensure that industry, mining, infrastructure, and rural development programs and projects are fully sensitive to the conservation needs of snow leopards and their ecosystems, do not adversely affect or fragment key populations or critical habitats, and employ wildlife-friendly design, offsets, and other mitigation tools.