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Day#87 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards; ‘Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences’; Sveriges Riksbank Prize 2019; Rangdum Monastery; Marawah Island; Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas; etc.
By IASToppers
November 28, 2019

 

 

Which space agency operates the Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas?

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Answer:

  • European Space Agency operates the Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas:

  • The Sentinel-3 World Fire Atlas uses the satellite data to plot the number of fires occurring monthly. It cannot pick up all fires due to satellite overpass constraints and cloud coverage.
  • The Sentinel-3 World Fire Atlas uses a method that enables it to identify all active fires at night. The sensors on satellites measure thermal infrared radiation to take the temperature of Earth’s land surfaces.
  • According to Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas, 79,000 fires in August this year, compared to just over 16,000 fires detected during the same period last year.

About Sentinel-3 World Fires Atlas

Sentinel-3 satellite system

  • A constellation of Earth observation satellites developed by the European Space Agency.
  • Part of the Copernicus programme.
  • Tracks fire and high temperature events
  • Provides accurate and timely information to key decision makers.

Some Mission Objectives:

  • Measure sea-surface topography, sea-surface height and significant wave height
  • Measure ocean and land-surface temperature
  • Measure ocean and land-surface colour
  • Monitor sea and land ice topography
  • Sea-water quality and pollution monitoring

 

 

Is Turkmenistan a member to The Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards?

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Answer:

Turkmenistan is NOT a member to The Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards. Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan are the members.

Enrich Your Learning:

About the Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards:

  • 12 Range countries of Snow Leopard have signed the Bishkek Declaration.
  • Afghanistan, Bhutan, China, India, Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Bishkek Declaration on the Conservation of Snow Leopards

Mandate [As mentioned in the declaration]:

At the Government Level

  • Evaluate and map the current status of key snow leopard populations and habitats to set baselines and indicators against which to assess future change, conduct economic valuation of snow leopard habitats, and intensify scientific research and monitoring to support future policy and action.
  • Anti-poaching measures and stop illegal trade of snow leopards and other wild life.
  • Adopting comprehensive legislation strengthening national law-enforcement systems, enhancing national, sub regional, regional, and international collaboration, and developing effective mechanisms to eliminate the illegal demand for snow leopard and other wildlife products.
  • Increase bilateral and regional cooperation for snow leopard conservation in transboundary landscapes.
  • Strengthen capacity for community-based conservation, law enforcement support, and wildlife and ecosystem management, among policy makers, front-line managers and staff, community leaders, and civil society by supporting knowledge exchange and communities of practice and communication and cooperation among stakeholders.

At the Community Level

  • Enhance the role of local communities in snow leopard conservation efforts by adopting and implementing policies and laws that favour the involvement of such communities as stewards of biodiversity and champions of conservation.
  • Intensify conservation efforts in the large landscapes required for snow leopard survival by identifying and designating critical habitats of key snow leopard populations as no-go areas for destructive land uses, maintaining their integrity and connectivity through natural corridors, and strengthening their protection on the ground.
  • Encourage meaningful participation of industry and the private sector in snow leopard conservation. Ensure that industry, mining, infrastructure, and rural development programs and projects are fully sensitive to the conservation needs of snow leopards and their ecosystems, do not adversely affect or fragment key populations or critical habitats, and employ wildlife-friendly design, offsets, and other mitigation tools.

 

 

Recently, Marawah Island was in news. It is located in?

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Answer:

Marawah Island is located in the Persian Gulf.

Enrich Your Learning:

Location of Marawah Island:

Location of Marawah Island

Significance:

  • The oldest known natural pearl in the world has been discovered here.
  • On a Neolithic site on Marawah Island, off the coast of Abu Dhabi. Dated to be around 5,800-5,600 BCE.

 

 

Recently, The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is declaring the the Rangdum monastery a monument of national importance. It is located in which state/union territory?

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Answer:

Rangdum Monastery is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery belonging to the Gelugpa sect at Ladakh in Jammu Kashmir.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rangdum Monastery:

  • Rangdum Monastery is a Tibetan Buddhist monastery belonging to the Gelugpa sect, at the head of the Suru Valley, in Ladakh.
  • It could soon be given Central protection as the Archaeological Survey of India is declaring the Rangdum monastery a monument of national importance.
  • The main highlight of the monastery is its central prayer hall with an amazing collection of Tibetan and other arts.
  • It is the 18th century monastery is “perched picturesquely on a top of a hillock like an ancient fort”.

The Archaeological Survey of India:

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation.
  • Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI.
  • It is attached under the Ministry of Culture.
  • It was founded in 1861 by Alexander Cunningham who also became its first Director-General.

 

 

The Sveriges Riksbank Prize (nobel prize) is given in which field? a) Physics b) Peace c) Economics

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Answer:

  • Sveriges Riksbank Prize (nobel prize) is given in the field of economics annually by Sveriges Riksbank. (Central Bank of Sweden)

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences’:

  • The Nobel Memorial Prizein Economic Sciences, officially known as The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in memory of Alfred Nobel is an award funded by Sveriges Riksbank. (central bank of Sweden)
  • It is awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to researchers in the field of economic sciences.
  • The Nobel Prize awards are presented at the Nobel Prize Award Ceremony in Stockholm, Sweden each year on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Nobel’s death.

Sveriges Riksbank Prize 2019:

  • Recently, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has decided to award the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel 2019 to Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer for their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.
  • In just two decades, research of these laureates which is now a flourishing field of research is new experiment-based approach has transformed development economics.
  • Abhijit Banerjee
  • Born 1961 in Mumbai, India.
  • Banerjeeis currently the Ford Foundation International Professor of Economics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. (USA)
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