CA-FCs-Day-89-2020-iastoppers
Flash Card

Day#89 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Malabar Civet’; Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India; ‘Shinyuu Maitri’; Pattachitra; Barisha raid or Operation Kayla Mueller;
By IASToppers
November 30, 2019

 

 

The Barisha raid was recently in news. In which country was it carried out?

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Solution:

The Barisha raid was carried out in Syria.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Barisha raid or Operation Kayla Mueller:

A military operation conducted by the United States in Syria. To capture or kill Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the leader of the Islamic State.

About Barisha raid or Operation Kayla Mueller

  • The operation was named after Kayla Mueller.
  • She was an American human rights activist and humanitarian aid worker. She was kidnapped and killed by ISIS.
  • United States supported by Iraq, Turkey and Syrian Democratic Forces.

 

 

Pattachitra is a style of painting on cloth. It is practiced in which states?

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Solution:

Pattachitra is a style of painting on cloth, practiced in Odisha and West Bengal.

Enrich Your Learning:

About Pattachitra:

About Pattachitra

  • A style of painting done on cloth from Odisha painted on cloths to narrate a pictorial story. Also practiced in West Bengal, where work is done on Silk, while in Odisha, Cotton cloth is used.
  • The practitioners of art are known as Mohapatrasor Maharanas.  Artists draw inspiration from temples and architecture in Odisha.  The Jagannath`s and Vaishnava`s greatly patronized this craft.
  • Hindu gods such as Krishna, Vishnu, Shiva, Hanuman, and Hindu goddesses such as Radha, Parvati and Sita are the main images. The artwork has Mughal influences too.
  • Natural dyes and colours are used, derived from fruits and vegetables.
  • Flower and leaf motifs are the common style. Use of detailed borders is the common element found in all pattachitra art.
  • Apart from paintings, pattachitra artwork is also widely used on Cotton, Silk and sarees.

 

 

SHINYUU-MAITRI is a bilateral air exercise between which two country’s forces? a) India-Japan OR b) India-South Korea.

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Solution:

SHINYUU-MAITRI is a bilateral air exercise between India-South Korea’s forces.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Shinyuu Maitri’:

  • SHINYUU Maitri is the bilateral air exercise between the Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) and Indian Air Force (IAF).
  • The theme of the exercise is joint Mobility/Humanitarian Assistance & Disaster Relief (HADR) on Transport aircraft.
  • The focus of the exercise is set for the IAF and JASDF crews to undertake Joint Mobility/ HADR operations.
  • Recently the Indian Air Force carried out a joint military exercise ‘Shinyuu Maitri’ with Japanese Air Self Defence Force (JASDF) from October 17 to 23.
  • The exercise was held at Air Force Station, Arjan Singh at Panagarh town in West Bengal.

 

 

Malabar civet is listed Critically Endangered mammals on IUCN Red List. It belongs to which parts of India?

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Solution:

It is the one of the Western Ghats’ rarest and most threatened mammals.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Malabar Civet’:

  • The Malabar civet is possibly one of the Western Ghats’ rarest and most threatened mammals.
  • It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.
  • This small, dog like carnivore has been pushed to the brink of extinction by hunting and habitat loss.
  • The Malabar civet is in the Viverra genus.

Distribution:

  • This species is being recorded in southern India from Kanyakumariin in the extreme south, to Honnavar in Karnataka in the north.
  • There had been a few sightings far inland in Biligiri Rangaswamy Temple Wildlife Sanctuary, Tirunelveli.

Habitat:

  • The Malabar civet once inhabited lowland forests, lowland swamp and riparian forests. However, now that natural forests have disappeared, the species now appears to be largely confined to thickets in cashew plantations.

 

 

Who conducts the appointment of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India? a) cabinet committee on appointments OR b) president of India

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Solution:

President of India conducts the appointment of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

Enrich Your Learning:

Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) of India:

  • The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is an authority, established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India.
  • The CAG which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.
  • CAG is appointed by the President with tenure of 6 years or 65 years of age, whichever is earlier.

Constitutional Provisions

  • Article 148 – Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
  • There shall be a Comptroller and Auditor-General of India who shall be appointed by the President and shall only be removed in like manner and on like grounds as a Judge of the Supreme Court.
  • The CAG shall make an oath before the President or some person appointed in that behalf by him, according to the form set out for the purpose in the Third Schedule.
  • The salary and other conditions of service of the CAG shall be such as may be determined by Parliament by law and shall be charged upon the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • The CAG shall not be eligible for further office either under the Government of India or under the Government of any State after he has ceased to hold his office.
  • The conditions of service of persons serving in the Indian Audit and Accounts Department and the administrative powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General shall be made by the President after consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General.
  • Article 149 – Duties and Powers of the Comptroller and Auditor-General
  • The Comptroller and Auditor-General shall perform such duties and exercise such powers in relation to the accounts of the Union and of the States and of any other authority or body as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament.
  • Article 150 – Form of Accounts of the Union and of The States
  • The accounts of the Union and of the States shall be kept in such form as the President may, on the advice of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, prescribe.
  • Article 151 – Audit Reports
  • The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of the Union shall be submitted to the president, who shall cause them to be laid before each House of Parliament.
  • The reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India relating to the accounts of a State shall be submitted to the Governor of the State, who shall cause them to be laid before the Legislature of the State.
  • Article 279 – Calculation of “net proceeds”.
  • In the foregoing provisions of “net proceeds” or of any part of any tax or duty, in or attributable to any area shall be ascertained and certified by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India, whose certificate shall be final.
  • “Net proceeds” means in relation to any tax or duty the proceeds thereof reduced by the cost of collection, and for the purposes of those provisions the net proceeds of any tax or duty.
  • Sixth Schedule
  • Provisions as to the Administration of Tribal Areas in the States of Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • The accounts of the District Council or, as the case may be, the Regional Council shall be kept in such form as the Comptroller and Auditor General of India may, with the approval of the President, prescribe.
 
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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