Flash Cards

Day#9 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

National Security Council (NSC) of India;Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR); Horn of Africa; National Security Advisor; WHO’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD) lists; Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT);
By IASToppers
August 03, 2019

 

 

Is the Central Administrative Tribunal a constitutional body?

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Answer:

  • The Central Administrative Tribunal is a statutory body.

Enrich Your Learning:

Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT)

  • The Central Administrative Tribunal had been established under Article 323 – A of the Constitution.
  • It is a Statutory Body established under The Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 and is directly under the Supervision of the Department of Personnel and Training.

Functions of CAT

  • Adjudication of disputes and complaints with respect to recruitment and conditions of service of persons appointed to public services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or other authorities under the control of the Government.

Working of CAT

  • The Central Administrative Tribunal is empowered to frame its own rules of procedure and practice.
  • The Tribunal is guided by the principles of natural justice in deciding cases and is not bound by the procedure, prescribed by the Civil Procedure Code.

Why is Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) in news?

  • The Delhi High Court has held that the Central Administrative Tribunal (CAT) can exercise the same jurisdiction and powers, as a High Court, in respect of its contempt proceedings.
  • The court noted that Supreme Court in its 2001 judgment has held that Section 17 of the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985, confers jurisdiction on the CAT to punish for its contempt.

 

 

WHO’s International Classification of Diseases (ICD) lists only physical disorders and excludes mental disorders. Right OR Wrong?

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Answer:

Right Statement:

  • The WHO’s ICD lists both mental and physical disorders.

What is International Classification of Diseases (ICD)?

ICD is the basis for identification of health trends and statistics globally and the international standard for reporting diseases and health conditions.

  • It is maintained by WHO.
  • It is revised periodically and is currently in its tenth revision.

Usages of ICD:

  • It is used by medical practitioners around the world to diagnose conditions and by researchers to categorize conditions.
  • This comprehensive list is intended to make it easier for scientists to share and compare health information between hospitals, regions and countries.
  • It also enables health care workers to compare data in the same location over different time periods. Additionally, public health experts use the ICD to track the number of deaths and diseases.

Design of ICD

  • The ICD contains a description of all known diseases and injuries.
  • Each disease is detailed with diagnostic characteristics and given a unique identifier that is used to code mortality data on death certificates and morbidity data from patient and clinical records.
  • The core of the ICD-10 uses one single list of four-alphanumeric-character codes from A00.0 to Z99.0.
  • The first letter of the code designates a different chapter; there are 22 chapters in total (several letters are included in a single chapter together).
  • Within each chapter, the four-character codes are divided so that they specify different classification axes. The fourth character (the number after the decimal) is not required for reporting and is used in various ways.

ICD-11

  • A version of ICD-11 was released on 18 June 2018 to allow Member States to prepare for implementation, including translating ICD into their national languages.
  • ICD-11 will be presented at the World Health Assembly in May 2019 for adoption by Member States, and will come into effect on 1 January 2022.
  • This release is an advance preview that will allow countries to plan how to use the new version, prepare translations, and train health professionals all over the country.

 

 

Who presides over the National Security Councils in India?

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Answer:

  • The National Security Advisor presides over National Security Councils in India.

Enrich Your Learning:

National Security Advisor

  • The National Security Advisor presides over the National Security Councils, and is also the primary advisor to the prime minister.

Why is NSA in news?

  • The government reappointed Ajit Doval as National Security Adviser, according him a Cabinet rank.
  • He became the first NSA to get Cabinet status in the table of precedence.
  • Previously he had the stature of a Minister of State (MoS).
  • His appointment will be co-terminus with the term of the Prime Minister or until further orders, whichever is earlier.

Need to bestow a Cabinet rank:

  • The decision was taken since NSA leads strategic dialogues with many countries and a Cabinet rank will facilitate his interactions with the most senior officials.
  • The External Affairs Minister and NSA have differed on various issues pertaining to foreign policy.

National Security Council (NSC) of India

  • The National Security Council (NSC) of India is a three-tiered organization that oversees political, economic, energy and security issues of strategic concern.
  • It operates within the executive office of the prime minister of India.

Function of NSC

  • Liaising between the government’s executive branch and the intelligence services,
  • Advising leadership on intelligence and security issues.

NSC comprises:

  • The Strategic Policy Group
  • The National Security Advisory Board
  • A secretariat from the Joint Intelligence Committee.

Key Fact:

  • The NSA’s post was first created in 1998 when Atal Bihari Vajpayee was the Prime Minister.

 

 

Which countries constitute the Horn of Africa?

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Answer:

  • Ethiopia, Somalia, Eritrea, and Djibouti are together form the Horn of Africa.

Enrich Your Learning:

Horn of Africa:

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  • It is the easternmost part of NE Africa, on the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean.
  • Horn of Africa consists of 4 independent countries, it shares similar ethnic heritages throughout the region. The vast majority of people here share an Afro-Asiatic ethnicity.
  • It covers approximately 2 million sq.km and is inhabited by roughly 115 million people (Ethiopia: 96.6 million, Somalia: 10.4 million, Eritrea: 6.4 million, and Djibouti: 0.81 million).
  • The region is home to the rugged landscape of the Ethiopian Highlands. This region is also home to the Great Rift Valley.
  • Closer to the equator, the land is generally flat with some plateaus rising above the lowlands as well. The Horn of Africa receives very little rainfall and can reach extremely hot temperatures in some areas.
  • This region is home to a number of animal species such as the Speke’s gazelle and the Somali wild ass. Notably, it also has the greatest number of endemic reptiles of any other area on the African continent.

 

 

What is the main objective of RKVY-RAFTAAR?

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Answer:

  • The main objective of is to make farming remunerative economic activity by strengthening farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agribusiness entrepreneurship.

Enrich Your Learning:

Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana: Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR)

  • The government has approved continuation of Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) as Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana- Remunerative Approaches for Agriculture and Allied sector Rejuvenation (RKVY-RAFTAAR) for (13th plan period) three years plan i.e. 2017-18 to 2019-20.
  • The Scheme has a financial allocation of Rs. 15,722 crores with key objective is to resolve agricultural development strategies and to meet needs of farmers.

Background:

  • RKVY scheme was initiated in 2007 by National Development Council under Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare as an umbrella scheme for ensuring holistic development of agriculture and allied sectors by allowing states to choose their own agriculture and allied sector development activities as per the district/state agriculture plan.
  • The scheme has come a long way since its inception and has been implemented across two plan periods (11th and 12th).
  • Till 2013-14, the scheme was implemented as an Additional Central Assistance (ACA) to State Plan Scheme with 100% central assistance.
  • It was converted into a Centrally Sponsored Scheme in 2014-15 also with 100% central assistance. Since 2015-16, the funding pattern of the scheme has been altered in the ratio of 60:40 between Centre and States (90:10 for North Eastern States and Himalayan States). For Union Territories the funding pattern is 100 % central grant.
  • Under the scheme, 50% of the annual outlay will be for setting up farm infrastructure and assets, 30% for value-addition linked production projects and 20% will be flexi- funds for projects in tune with local needs.
  • The emphasis will also be on involving youth in agriculture through various incentives so that it will provide jobs in rural areas and help in achieving the target of doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Objective:

  • The objective is to make farming remunerative economic activity by strengthening farmer’s effort, risk mitigation and promoting agribusiness entrepreneurship.
  • The scheme will incentivize states to enhance more allocation to Agriculture and Allied Sectors.
  • Under RKVY-RAFTAAR, major focus is on pre & post-harvest infrastructure, besides promoting agri-entrepreneurship and innovations.
  • Promote, developing and disseminating technologies for enhancing production and productivity.
  • Enhancing production and productivity, improve nutritional security and income support to farmers. 
  • Assisting states in addressing the entire value chain, right from the stage of pre-production to the consumer’s table through appropriate interventions. 
  • Creating employment generation opportunities for skilled and unskilled persons, especially unemployed youth.
  • Improving value addition and ensuring farmer’s profitability increases.  
  • Improving the delivery and monitoring mechanism under RKVY-RAFTAAR funded projects.

Sub-schemes under RKVY-RAFTAAR:

  • Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India (BGREI),
  • Crop Diversification Program (CDP),
  • Reclamation of Problem Soil (RPS),
  • Foot & Mouth Disease – Control Program (FMD-CP),
  • Saffron Mission,
  • Accelerated Fodder Development Prorgamme (AFDP).
  • Beekeeping
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