Flash Card

Day#93 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

‘Operation Safed Sagar’; ‘United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)’; National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA); Protocol on Establishment of Joint Ocean Observation Station; ‘Bonn Challenge’; Forest landscape restoration (FLR);
By IASToppers
December 05, 2019

 

 

‘Operation Safed Sagar’ was launched along with which operation of Indian armed forces?

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Answer:

‘Operation Safed Sagar’ was launched by Indian Air Force along with Indian Armed Forces’ ‘Operation Vijay’ in Kargil war.

Enrich Your Learning:

Operation Safed Sagar:

  • Operation Safed Sagar was the air operations in the Kargil area.
  • It was a milestone in the history of military aviation, as this was the first time that air power was employed in such an environment.
  • In this operation, IAF used air power at the height of 32,000 feet for the first time.
  • The Operation Safed Sagar by IAF started at 6:30 am on May 26, 1999, when they launched the first strike on the Pakistani posts.
  • Along with armed forces’ Operation Vijay, Indian Air Force (IAF) carried out Operation Safed Sagar, which became a crucial move that helped the Indian forces to win the kargil war.
  • Kargil Vijay Divas is celebrated on July 26 every year.

 

 

Recently a term ‘Bonn Challenge’ was in news. What it is?

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Answer:

‘Bonn Challenge’ is a global effort to bring 150 million hectares of the world’s deforested and degraded land into restoration by 2020, and 350 million hectares by 2030.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘Bonn Challenge’:

  • It was launched in 2011 by the Government of Germany and IUCN, and later endorsed and extended by the New York Declaration on Forests at the 2014 UN Climate Summit.
  • It is a practical means of realizing many existing international commitments, including the CBD Aichi Target 15, the UNFCCC REDD+ goal, and the Rio+20 land degradation neutrality goal.
  • Bonn Challenge is the forest landscape restoration (FLR) approach.

Forest landscape restoration (FLR):

  • Forest landscape restoration (FLR) is the ongoing process of regaining ecological functionality and enhancing human well-being across deforested or degraded forest landscapes.
  • Besides only planting, FLR is restoring a whole landscape to meet present and future needs and to offer multiple benefits and land uses over time.
  • FLR aims to restore ecological integrity at the same time as improving human well-being through multifunctional landscapes.

 

 

The agreement titled ‘Protocol on Establishment of Joint Ocean Observation Station’ was signed between which two nations?

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Answer:

The agreement titled ‘Protocol on Establishment of Joint Ocean Observation Station’ was signed between China and the Maldives.

Enrich Your Learning:

Protocol on Establishment of Joint Ocean Observation Station:

 

  • It is an official agreement titled Protocol on Establishment of Joint Ocean Observation Station between China and the Maldives.
  • It was finalised in 2017.
  • The agreement allowed China to build an observatory at Makunudhoo, which is the westernmost island of the Maldives, and close to the Indian waters.
  • The observatory was giving China access to a critical space in the Indian Ocean both from the commercial shipping and strategic point of view. Also It will be uncomfortably close to Indian waters.

Why in News?

  • The agreement is likely to be scrapped, as India’s relations with its maritime neighbour shows signs of improvement.
  • The recent visit by PM of India was the first full-fledged visit by an Indian PM in 8 years.
  • It saw the inauguration of a coastal surveillance radar system and also a composite training facility for the Maldivian defence forces.

 

 

National Anti-Profiteering Authority has been constituted under the a) Central Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, 2017 OR b) Prevention of Money Laundering Act, 2002

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Answer:

Central Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, 2017

Enrich Your Learning:

National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA):

 

  • National Anti-Profiteering Authority (NAA) has been constituted under Section 171 of the Central Goods and Services Tax (GST) Act, 2017.
  • NAA is the institutional mechanism under GST law to check the unfair profit-making activities by the trading community.
  • NAA was aimed to ensure that the reduction in rate of tax or the benefit of input tax credit is passed on to the recipient by way of commensurate reduction in prices.
  • NAA consists of a chairman, along with 4 Technical members and a Standing Committee.
  • NAA has a Screening Committee in every state.

Functions of NAA:

  • To ensure that traders are not realizing unfair profit by charging high price from consumers in the name of GST.
  • To examine and check such profiteering activities and recommend punitive actions including cancellation of Registration.

Steps taken by the NAA to ensure that customers get the full benefit of tax cuts:

  • Holding regular meetings with the Zonal Screening Committees and the Chief Commissioners of Central Tax to stress upon consumer awareness programmes.
  • Launching a helpline to resolve the queries of citizens regarding registration of complaints against profiteering.
  • Receiving complaints through email and NAA portal.
  • Working with consumer welfare organizations in order to facilitate outreach activities.

 

 

Is United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) a legally binding agreement?

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Answer:

  • The United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is the legally binding international agreement linking environment and development to sustainable land management.

Enrich Your Learning:

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD)’:

 

  • It was established in 1994. It addresses arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas, known as the drylands. It has 195 parties.
  • It has been ratified by 194 states plus the European Union. Secretariat of UNCCD is at Bonn, Germany.
  • The UNCCD is particularly committed to a bottom-up approach, encouraging the participation of local people in combating desertification and land degradation.
  • The Conference of the Parties (COP) oversees the implementation of the Convention.
  • It is established by the Convention as the supreme decision-making body, and it comprises all ratifying governments.
  • The first five sessions of the COP were held annually from 1997 to 2001. After that, it is continuously held at every twice year.

Key Facts:

 

  • India will host the 14th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 14) of 2019 to the UNCCD to address the issues of land degradation and desertification.
  • The logo of COP 14 designed by Aayush Naresh Kumar from Meerut, which was selected by the ministry through a contest.
  • The World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought is observed every year on 17th June to promote public awareness of international efforts to combat desertification.
  • A campaign under the theme “Let’s grow the future together” was initiated on 25th anniversary of the Convention and also the World Day to Combat Desertification on 17th June 2019.
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Daily Current Flash Cards 2020 Prelims 2020
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