Flash Card

Day#94 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Abujh Marias; NATO Ally’; NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization); 'The World Population Prospects 2019'; ‘Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) telescope’; Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP);
By IASToppers
December 12, 2019

 

 

Is India a contracting member of the Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP)?

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Answers:

Yes. India is a contracting member of Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP).

Enrich Your Learning:

Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP):

 

  • ReCAAP is a government-to-government agreement to promote and enhance cooperation against piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia.
  • The ReCAAP Agreement was launched in November 2006 with14 Asian Contracting Parties including North, Southeast, and South Asian countries.
  • It has 20 Contracting Parties today, including Europe (Norway, the Netherlands, Denmark, and the United Kingdom), Australia, and the United States.
  • India played an active role in the setting up and functioning of ReCAAPISC along with Japan and Singapore.
  • 12th Capacity Building workshop with Regional Cooperation Agreement on Combating Piracy and Armed Robbery against Ships in Asia (ReCAAP) Information Sharing Centre (ISC) was co-hosted by Indian Coast Guard (ICG) in June 2019.
  • Union Government has designated ICG as the focal point within India for ReCAAP.
  • Information sharing, capacity building and mutual legal assistance are the three pillars of co-operation under the ReCAAP agreement.

Vision:

  • To be the information hub for combating piracy and armed robbery against ships in Asia.

Mission:

  • To enhance regional cooperation through information sharing, capacity building and cooperative arrangements in combating piracy and armed robbery against ships.

 

 

Abujhmarh forest is located in which Indian state?

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Answer:

Abujhmarh forest is located in Chhattisgarh.

Enrich Your Learning:

Abujh Marias:

 

  • Abujh Marias is a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group (PVTG).
  • The endogamous Abujh Maria Gond believe in the Supreme God and in all the exogamous divisions whom they worship in addition to the presiding deity of the lower order.
  • Some of the Parganas inhabited by the Abujh Marias are Padalibhum, Tapalibhum, Nurbhum Mangnar, Behrarnar, Hukkagotal, Bardal, Farsal and Chota Dongar etc.
  • A number of pen or the deities of the kattas (clan like social grouping) are distributed in different Parganas of the Abujh Marh.
  • Abujhmarh, where this tribe lives, is considered by the government to be one of the last remaining strongholds of Left-wing extremism.
  • The Abujhmarh forest is spread over the Bastar region of Chhattisgarh.

Why is it in news?

  • The Chhattisgarh government is processing habitat rights for Abujh Marias, it will give these tribal their dues as laid down by the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.

Key Facts:

  • Habitat is defined under the FRA act as, “the area comprising the customary habitat and such other habitats in reserved forests and protected forests of primitive tribal groups and pre-agricultural communities and other forest dwelling Scheduled Tribes.”

 

 

What is the aim of Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) telescope?

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Answer:

It aims to detect up to three million supermassive black holes many of which are unknown and X-rays from as many as stars in the Milky Way.

Enrich Your Learning:

Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) telescope’:

  • Spectrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) is a space telescope, it is being launched by a joint team of German-Russian scientists.
  • It will create a three-dimensional (3D) X-ray map of the universe and unveil unknown supermassive black holes, dark energy and stars.
  • It will be launched into space on a Russian-built Proton-M rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan on June 21, 2019.
  • The telescope is the first to be sensitive to high-energy ‘hard’ X-rays and map the entire sky.
  • SRG will also find how dark matter the main engine of galaxy formation is spread in the universe.
  • SRG will not detect gamma radiation.
  • SRG was first proposed in 1987, by Russian astrophysicists.

SRG will carry two independent X-ray telescopes:

  • A German-built eROSITA (Extended Roentgen Survey with an Imaging Telescope Array)
  • A Russian-built ART-XC (Astronomical Roentgen Telescope — X-ray Concentrator)

Key fact:

  • Germany’s ROSAT mission in the 1990s was sensitive only to ‘soft’ X-rays, with energies of about 2 keV.
  • Existing missions, such as NASA’s Chandra X-ray Observatory and NuSTAR, can see high-energy radiation and resolve tiny details of cosmic structures.

 

 

According to the World Population Prospects 2019, India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country by which year?

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Answer:

India is projected to surpass China as the world’s most populous country around 2027.

Enrich Your Learning:

‘The World Population Prospects 2019’:

  • The World Population Prospects 2019 is published by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
  • It presents the main results of the 26th round of the UN’s global population estimates and projections.

Highlights of the report:

  • The world’s population is expected to increase by two billion people in the next 30 years it will increase from 7.7 billion currently to 9.7 billion in 2050.
  • More than half of the projected increase in the global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in just nine countries.
  • The nine nations with highest concentration of population are led by India and followed by Nigeria, Pakistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Indonesia, Egypt and the US.
  • The population of sub-Saharan Africa is projected to double by 2050 (99% increase).
  • The report highlighted that “disparate population growth rates” among the world’s largest countries will re-order their ranking by size.
  • In 2019, around 40 per cent of the world’s population lives in intermediate-fertility countries, and women have on average between 2.1 and four births over a lifetime.
  • As per the report the world’s population is growing older due to increasing life expectancy and falling fertility levels.
  • By 2050, one in six people in the world will be over age 65 (16 per cent), up from one in 11 in 2019 (9 per cent).
  • The number of persons aged 80 years or over is projected to triple, from 143 million in 2019 to 426 million in 2050.
  • Global fertility rate is projected to decline to 2.2 births per woman in 2050, previously it fell from 3.2 births per woman in 1990 to 2.5 in 2019.
  • A fertility level of 2.1 births per woman is needed to ensure replacement of generations and avoid population decline over the long run in the absence of immigration.
  • In China, the population is projected to decrease by 31.4 million, or around 2.2 per cent, between 2019 and 2050.
  • Life expectancy at birth for the world, is expected to increase to 77.1 years in 2050 it increased from 64.2 years in 1990 to 72.6 years in 2019.
  • As per the report migration has become a major component of population change in some countries.
  • The potential support ratio, which compares numbers of persons at working ages to those over age 65, is falling around the world it is lowest in Japan.

 

 

Is India a North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Ally?

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Answer:

No, India isn’t a ‘Major Non-NATO Ally’ of the United States yet.

Enrich Your Learning:

NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization):

 

  • NATO is an Alliance that consists of 29 independent member countries.
  • NATO is an acronym for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.
  • NATO’s mission is to protect the freedom of its members. Its targets include weapons of mass destruction, terrorism, and cyber-attacks.

Why is it in news?

  • US senators have moved an amendment to change the US Armed Controls Export Act to bring India on a par with NATO allies, Israel, Australia, New Zealand and Korea for purposes of selling military items under the ITAR (International Traffic in Arms Regulations) list.
  • India and US have also signed the COMCASA (Communications, Compatibility and Security Agreement) and are in detailed discussions over BECA (Basic Exchange Cooperation Agreement).
  • Such a change could have made India a key strategic ally of the United States.

Key Facts:

  • The U.S has already under the COMCASA, already set up a secure link between the Indian Navy headquarters and the US Pacific Command to share real-time information.
  • In 2016, India was designated as a “Major Defense Partner” of the United States in that year’s annual National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA).

COMCASA

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