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Flash Card

Day#95 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Chavang Kut festival; Japanese Washi; X-57 Maxwell; Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament; Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)?
By IASToppers
December 18, 2019

 

 

Which communities celebrate Chavang Kut festival? (a) Boro Hajong and Koch communities (b) Garo, Khasi and Jaintia communities (c) Dafla, Miri and Mishmi communities (d) Kuki, Chin and Mizo communities

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Answer:

Chavang Kut festival is one of the most important festivals of the Kuki-Chin-Mizo communities.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Chavang Kut Festival?

Chavang stands for ‘autumn’ and Kut mean ‘harvest’. Chavang Kut is a thanksgiving festival for a bountiful harvest celebrated across the North-Eastern states like Manipur, Mizoram and Assam. However, in Manipur, Chavang Kut is one of the most celebrated festivals. The festival is also one of the most important festivals of the Kuki-Chin-Mizo communities.

‘Chavang Kut’ festival

Why is the Festival celebrated?

‘Chavang Kut’ festival 2

The festival of Chavang Kut is celebrated on 1st November. The festival is celebrated to honour the blessings of the deity for a good harvest season. During the festival, the farmers gather their crop altogether and show reverence to the gods to mark the end of the harvest season. The celebration also includes dancing and singing along with sports competitions and feasts. Importantly, the festival marks the Anglo-Kuki war centenary year.

 

 

What is the mandate of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN)?

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Answer:

ICANN is responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces and numerical spaces of the Internet, ensuring the network’s stable and secure operation.

Enrich Your Learning:

Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN):

  • ICANN is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation.
  • It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers.
  • It plays a unique role in the infrastructure of the internet.
  • Through its contracts with registries (such as dot-com or dot-info) and registrars (companies that sell domain names to individuals and organisations) ICANN help define how the domain name system functions and expands.
  • ICANN performs the actual technical maintenance work of the Central Internet Address pools and DNS root zone registries pursuant to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) function contract.

 

 

Which two articles in the Indian constitution deal with the Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament?

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Answer:

Article 86 and 87 deal with the Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament.

Enrich Your Learning:

Article 87 deals with Special Address by the President and provides that the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together at the commencement of the first session after each general election to the Lok Sabha and at the commencement of the first session of each year and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons.

Article 87 of the Constitution of India:

  • Articles 86 and 87 of the Constitution deal with the Address by the President.
  • Article 87(1) originally required the President to address both Houses of Parliament at the commencement of every session.
  • The Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951, amended this provision.
  • Article 87 makes it clear that the Address is to be to both Houses of Parliament assembled together.
  • Thus if at the time of commencement of the first session of the year, the Lok Sabha has been dissolved and the Rajya Sabha has to meet, then the Rajya Sabha can have its Session without the President’s Address.

 

 

Which two articles in the Indian constitution deal with the Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament?

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Answer:

Article 86 and 87 deal with the Presidential address in both Houses of Parliament.

Enrich Your Learning:

Article 87 deals with Special Address by the President and provides that the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together at the commencement of the first session after each general election to the Lok Sabha and at the commencement of the first session of each year and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons.

Article 87 of the Constitution of India:

  • Articles 86 and 87 of the Constitution deal with the Address by the President.
  • Article 87(1) originally required the President to address both Houses of Parliament at the commencement of every session.
  • The Constitution (First Amendment) Act, 1951, amended this provision.
  • Article 87 makes it clear that the Address is to be to both Houses of Parliament assembled together.
  • Thus if at the time of commencement of the first session of the year, the Lok Sabha has been dissolved and the Rajya Sabha has to meet, then the Rajya Sabha can have its Session without the President’s Address.

 

 

Recently the NASA unveiled X-57 Maxwell (first crewed airplane) which is powered by: (a) biodiesel OR (b) electricity?

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Answer:

Recently the NASA unveiled X-57 Maxwell (first crewed airplane) which is powered by electricity.

Enrich Your Learning:

X-57 Maxwell:

  • X-57 Maxwell is an experimental aircraft being developed by NASA which is intended to demonstrate technology to reduce fuel use, emissions, and noise.
  • The NASA unveiled an early version of its first all-electric experimental aircraft was named for Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell.
  • X-57 “Maxwell” was under development since 2015. NASA targets to fly this airplane in late 2020. The plane will be propelled by 14 electric motors powered by specially designed lithium-ion batteries.
  • It will be NASA’s first crewed X-plane to be developed in two decades. It is adapted from Italian-made Tecnam P2006T twin-engine propeller plane. (a conventional four-seater light aircraft)
  • NASA’s X-57 venture is aimed at designing and proving technology as per the standards that commercial manufacturers can adapt to government certification.
  • It is part of NASA’s New Aviation Horizons initiative, which will also produce up to five larger-scale aircraft.

 

A term ‘Japanese washi’ was recently in news. What is it?

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Answer:

Japanese washi is a type of handmade paper that received UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage status.

Enrich Your Learning:

What is Japanese Washi Paper?

  • Washi is the Japanese word for the traditional papers made from the long inner fibres of three plants.
  • It has the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage status.

Why is it in news?

  • Hiroyoshi Chinzei, a fourth-generation traditional paper maker is reviving the paper by making world’s thinnest paper.
  • It has helped save historical documents at major museums and libraries including the Louvre in Paris, the British Museum and Washington’s Library of Congress from decay.

Significance of Washi paper:

  • Washi paper is more flexible and durable than “western paper”, which disintegrates into tiny pieces when it becomes very old.
  • The traditional hand-made paper is manufactured from plants called kozo, or mulberry which has fibres that are much longer than materials used for paper in the west such as wood and cotton.

What is Intangible Cultural Heritage?

  • Intangible Cultural Heritage means the practices, representations, expressions, knowledge, skills as well as the instruments, objects, artefacts and cultural spaces associated therewith that communities, groups and, in some cases, individuals recognize as part of their cultural heritage.
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