Flash Card

Day#96 Current Affairs Flash Cards [PRELIMS 2020]

Kawal Tiger Reserve; A commission convened by WHO,UNICEF and The Lancet;MalaiMahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary;Bay of Bengal offshore Sailing Expedition (BBSE); chatbot ‘ASKDISHA’;
By IASToppers
February 24, 2020



The chatbot ‘ASKDISHA’ has been launched by which government organization?

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Answer:Indian Railways

Enrich Your Learning:

Online Chatbot ‘ASKDISHA’

  • It was launched by Indian Railways in October 2018for the users of the ticketing website www.irctc.co.in and tourism website www.irctctourism.com.
  • The aim of the chatbot is to resolve queries of railway passengers over the internet pertaining to various services offered.
  • The chatbot is based upon Artificial Intelligence.
  • Initially, it was launched in English language.
  • IRCTC has now powered voice enabled ASKDISHA to converse with customers in Hindi language also in the e-ticketing site www.irctc.co.in.
  • The customer can now ask queries to ASKDISHA in Hindi language by voice as well as text.
  • The chatbot is a special computer programme designed to simulate conversation with users, especially over the internet.
  • IRCTC plans to launch ASKDISHA in more languages along with many other additional features in the near future.
  • More than 150 million passengers have been benefited by ASKDISHA with 10 billion interactions for seeking help on reservation of tickets, cancellation, PNR search etc.



Which Indian Navy vessels have been selected for the Bay of Bengal offshore Sailing Expedition (BBSE)?

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Answer:Vessel Mhadei and Vessel Tarini

Enrich Your Learning:

BAY of Bengal Offshore Sailing Expedition (BBSE)

  • On 22nd February 2020, Indian Naval Sailing Vessels Mhadei and Tarini set sail for the Bay of Bengal Offshore Sailing Expeditionat Goa.
  • This expedition would be the maiden major mixed crew sailing expedition of the Indian Navy with crew composition of five naval officers including two women officers in each boat.
  • It will cover a total distance of 6,100 Nautical miles each and will be at sea for 55 days.
  • This expedition would showcase harnessing of renewal energy namely wind energy to propel the boats.
  • The expedition is also in pursuance of the GOI mission of ‘Nari Shakti‘ providing opportunity to women officers at par with men.
  • The expedition also aims to enhance the level of cooperation and camaraderie between the littoral nations in the Bay of Bengal whilst exhibiting the Indian Naval expertise in the domain of ocean sailing.
  • The sailing vessels as part of the expedition would make replenishment halts at ports of Phuket, Yangon, Chittagong and Colombo, wherein interaction with various state officials would be conducted including harbour sorties for visiting dignitaries.
  • The Bay of Bengal Offshore Sailing Expedition will generate goodwill amongst the visiting nations and inspire participation in the forthcoming BIMSTEC Sailing Expedition being planned with mixed crew of member nations on board Indian Naval Sailing Vessels.

INS Mhadei and Tarini

  • Mhadei and Tariniinducted in the Indian Navy on 08 February 2009 and 18 February 2017 respectively.
  • The both vessels have been the vessels of choice for the naval expeditioners in various sailing expeditions.
  • Mhadei has successfully completed two circumnavigations, three Cape to Rio trans-Atlantic races and several other expeditions around various continents. The vessel has covered in excess of 1,36,000 nautical miles
  • Tarinicreated history in 2017-18 when six Indian Naval women officers sailed the vessel on maiden circumnavigation voyage titled NavikaSagarParikrama. She thereafter also participated in mixed crew Kochi to Seychelles sail training expedition during 10th anniversary celebration of the IONS.



Soon, the MalaiMahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary will be notified as Tiger Reserve. It is located in which state?

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Answer:Karnataka in Chamarajanagar district

Enrich Your Learning:

MalaiMahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary 

  • The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is expected to notify the MalaiMahadeshwara Wildlife Sanctuary as a tiger reserve.
  • Once notified, Chamarajanagar district of Karnatakawill have the rare distinction in the country of harbouring three tiger reserves. It already has Bandipur and BiligiriRanganatha Temple (BRT) Tiger Reserve within its territorial limits.
  • Also, with this, Karnataka will have six tiger reserves, the others being Nagarahole, Bhadra, and Anshi-Dandeli, apartfrom Bandipur and BRT Tiger Reserves.
  • The sanctuary will be renamed as MalaiMahadeshwara Hill Tiger Reserve (MMH TR) with a core area of 670.95 sq km spread across MalaiMahadeshwara Reserve Forest, Hanur Reserve Forest and Yediyarahalli Reserve Forest.
  • The sanctuary is a unique geographical zone that acts as a bridge between the Western and Eastern Ghats.
  • The buffer zone of the MMHTR will be spread over 235.19 sq km.
  • The sanctuary presently has about 20 tigers.
  • MM Hills wildlife sanctuary is contiguous to BRT Tiger Reserve on one side, Satyamangalam Tiger Reservein Tamil Nadu on the other, while the Cauvery Wildlife Sanctuaryalso borders.
  • Thus, it provides a contiguous forest cover of over 3,500 sq km that can act as a sink to absorb surplus tiger population and help increase their numbers.
  • Being part of Mysore Elephant Reserve, these forests also support nearly 300 elephants.



The report titled “A Future for the World’s Children?’’ has placed India at which rank for the best chance of survival and well-being for children?

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Answer:India has been placed at131strank out of 180 countries.

Enrich Your Learning:

A Commission convened by World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF and The Lancet

  • The commission has released a report named: “A Future for the World’s Children?’’

India specific findings

  • India stands 77th (sustainability index) and is at 131ston a ranking that measures
  • India has improved in health and sanitation but has to increase its spending on health.

Global situation

  • The report finds that the health and future of every child and adolescent worldwide is under immediate threat from ecological degradation, climate change and exploitative marketing practices that push heavily processed fast food, sugary drinks, alcohol and tobacco at them.
  • The children in Norway, Korea and the Netherlands have the best chance at survival and well-being, while children in the Central African Republic, Chad, Somalia, Niger and Mali face the worst odds.
  • The world-wide number of obese children and adolescents has increased from 11 million in 1975 to 124 million in 2016 — an 11-fold increase, with dire individual and societal costs.
  • While the poorest countries need to do more to support their children’s ability to live healthy lives, excessive carbon emissions — disproportionately from wealthier countries — threaten the future of all children.
  • If global warming exceeds 4°C by 2100 in line with current projections, it would lead to devastating health consequences for children, due to rising ocean levels, heatwaves, proliferation of diseases like malaria and dengue and malnutrition.
  • The only countries on track to beat the CO2 emission per capita targets by 2030, while also performing fairly (within the top 70) on child flourishing measures are: Albania, Armenia, Grenada, Jordan, Moldova, Sri Lanka, Tunisia, Uruguay and Vietnam.



The Kawal Tiger Reserve is located in which state of the India?

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Enrich Your Learning:

Kawal Tiger Reserve

  • Kawal Tiger Reserve is located at Jannarammandal of Mancherial District (Old Adilabad district) in Telangana.
  • Govt of India declared Kawal wildlife sanctuary as Tiger Reserve in 2012.
  • The reserve is the oldest sanctuary in the northern Telangana region of the state.
  • This sanctuary is catchment for the rivers Godavari and River Kadam, which flow towards the south of the sanctuary.
  • It was established in 1965 and later declared as a Protected Area (PA) in 1999 under the WPA, 1972.
  • It is well known for its abundant flora and fauna.
  • The sanctuary is one of the richest teak forests in the state, with dense pristine areas free of human disturbance.
  • Mammal species that have been sighted include tiger, leopard, gaur, cheetal, sambar, nilgai, barking deer, chowsingha, and sloth bear. Several species of birds and reptiles are also found in the sanctuary.

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