Editorial Notes

[Editorial Notes] India’s climate score: high on vulnerability, low on resilience

India should be alarmed at ecological destruction even in faraway places like Amazon. As the India is most at risk for climate damage, it should lead in pressing the global community to take sweeping climate action.
By IASToppers
September 09, 2019


  • Introduction
  • Brazil’s Forest fire
  • Climate change in India
  • Suggestions
  • Way Forward

India’s climate score: high on vulnerability, low on resilience 

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  • India, being the country the most vulnerable to climate change, is of great significance.
  • Against scientific warnings, carbon emissions continue to rise in three of the biggest emitters – China, U.S. and India.


Brazil’s Forest fire


  • Recently, there was a huge fire in the Amazon rainforest. The Brazilian president accused environmental groups of setting fires in the Amazon and tried to deflect growing international criticism of his failure to protect the world’s biggest rainforest.
  • Brazil might have thought that slashing environmental regulations would raise economic growth. Cutting hurdles to investment can boost short-term growth and benefit interest groups.
  • However, damaging the environment in this way (by burning forest) would be self-defeating in today’s fragile ecology as it would impact long-term growth and well-being.

Climate change in India

  • A number of Indian States have experienced extreme heatwaves in the past three years, and the Delhi recently recorded a temperature of 48°C, its hottest day in 21 years.


  • India’s exposure to climate hazards is heightened by the location of its vast coastline in the eye of the storm, across the Indian Ocean, Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea.
  • It also has a high population density located in dangerous place. For instance, Kerala, which experienced intense floods and landslides in 2018 and 2019, is among the States with the highest density.
  • Increasing temperatures and changing seasonal rainfall patterns are aggravating droughts and hurting agriculture across the country.
  • Extreme storms like the one that hit Odisha in 2019 and the floods in Chennai in 2015 are common and become more damaging when infrastructure is not resilient.


  • India needs to do more to build resilience in the sectors of agriculture, fisheries, manufacturing, energy, transport, health, and education.
  • The priority for spending at the national and State levels for disaster management needs to rise.
  • Adequate resources must also be allocated for implementing climate action plans that most States have now prepared.
  • India must reinforce its infrastructure and adapt its agriculture and industry.
  • Equally, it also needs to replace urgently its fossil fuels with renewable energy.
  • There is also need to build stronger coastal and inland defenses against climatic damage.

Way Forward

  • Global leadership must act with far greater urgency, and countries, including India, ought to switch from polluting fossil fuels to cleaner renewable energy.


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