PreQuiz 2018

[Current Affairs] Flash Cards Sample Set #6

Jarawa tribe; World Heritage In Danger List; National Academic Depository (NAD); ‘Swayam Prabha’; National Dairy Development Board (NDDB)
By PreQuiz Masters
March 18, 2019



Do you agree that the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) is a statutory body?

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The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) is an institution of national importance set up by an Act of Parliament of India.

More about NDDB:


  • NDDB was founded by Dr. Verghese Kurien.
  • The National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) was created in 1965, fulfilling the desire of the then prime minister of India — the late Lal Bahadur Shastri to extend the success of the Kaira Cooperative Milk Producers’ Union (Amul) to other parts of India.
  • The main office is in Anand, Gujarat with regional offices throughout the country.
  • NDDB’s subsidiaries include IDMC Limited-Anand, Mother Dairy, Delhi, NDDB Dairy Services, Delhi and Indian Immunologicals Ltd, Hyderabad.

Functions of NDDB:

  • NDDB is extending financial and technical support to dairy cooperatives.
  • NDDB is implementing National Dairy Plan phase-1 (NDP-1), a central sector scheme of Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India to increase milk production in the country.



What is ‘Swayam Prabha’, a Government of India initiative all about?

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  • The Swayam Prabha is a group of 32 DTH channels devoted to telecasting of high-quality educational programmes on 24X7 basis using the GSAT-15 satellite.
  • It provides high quality educational content through DTH channels to teachers, students and citizens across the country.
  • These channels transmit 4 hours of fresh content every day, and contain lectures from the best teachers in the Country.

iastoppers Swayam Prabha

  • There is no monthly charge for viewing these channels.
  • These channels include the IIT-PAL channels which were intended to help students taking the prestigious JEE examination, taught by the IIT faculty.
  • It will cover diverse disciplines of all levels of education in various languages.
  • The contents are provided by NPTEL, IITs, UGC, CEC, IGNOU, NCERT and NIOS.

The DTH Channels shall cover the following:

Higher Education:

  • Curriculum-based course contents at post-graduate and under-graduate level covering diverse disciplines such as arts, science, commerce, performing arts, social sciences and humanities, engineering, technology, law, medicine, agriculture, etc. All courses would be certification-ready in their detailed offering through SWAYAM, the platform being developed for offering MOOCs courses.

School education (9-12 levels):

  • Modules for teacher’s training as well as teaching and learning aids for children of India to help them understand the subjects better and also help them in preparing for competitive examinations for admissions to professional degree programmes.

Curriculum-based courses:

  • Curriculum-based courses that can meet the needs of life-long learners of Indian citizens in India and abroad.

Competitive exams

  • Assist students (class 11th & 12th) prepare for competitive exams.



In India, where do you find Jarawa tribe?

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Andaman Islands

More about Jarawa tribe:

Jarawa tribe ias

  • The Jarawas are an indigenous people of the Andaman Islands in India.
  • They live in parts of South Andaman and Middle Andaman Islands.
  • They are restricted to Andaman island numbering less than 400.
  • The Jarawas are recognised as an Adivasi group in India. They are a designated Scheduled Tribe in India.
  • They are Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
  • They are hunters and food gatherers and have kept themselves aloof of the outsiders.



What is the World Heritage In Danger List?

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  • The List of World Heritage in Danger is compiled by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) through the World Heritage Committee according to Article 11.4 of the World Heritage Convention, which was established in 1972 to designate and manage World Heritage Sites.
  • Entries in the list are threatened World Heritage Sites for the conservation of which major operations are required and for which “assistance has been requested”.


  • The list is intended to increase international awareness of the threats and to encourage counteractive measures.
  • Threats to a site can be either proven imminent threats or potential dangers that could have adverse effects on a site.
  • The convention defines the kinds of natural or cultural sites that can be included on the World Heritage List.
  • The 191 nations that have signed the convention have pledged to conserve their World Heritage Sites.
  • The majority of the endangered natural sites (11) are located in Africa.
  • As of 2017, there are 54 entries (17 natural, 37 cultural) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
  • According to Wikipedia sources, only two sites are recognized as World Heritage In Danger List in India i.e. Group of Monuments at Hampi and Manas Wildlife Sanctuary.



What do you know about the National Academic Depository?

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  • National Academic Depository (NAD) is a digital depository of academic awards for authenticating all certificates issued by institutions.
  • NAD is a 24X7 online store house of all academic awards viz. certificates, diplomas, degrees, mark-sheets etc. duly digitised and lodged by academic institutions/boards/eligibility assessment bodies.


  • NAD not only ensures easy access to and retrieval of an academic award but also validates and guarantees its authenticity and safe storage.
  • It will directly integrate with Boards/Universities which issue Certificates which will be verified, authenticated, accessed and retrieved in a digital depository for purpose of employment, higher education, and loans.
  • National Academic Depository comprises of two interoperable digital depositories viz. CDSL Ventures Limited (CVL) and NSDL Database Management Limited (NDML).
  • These digital depositories have ensured hardware, network facilities and software of prescribed quality for smooth and secured operationalisation of NAD.

Benefits of NAD:

For academic institutions:

  • Permanent and safe record of keeping all academic awards issued;
  • No need for issuing duplicate academic awards, students can get it from NAD;
  • Effective deterrence to fake and forged paper certificates;
  • All academic awards verification needs can be addressed by NAD;
  • Efficient, effective and transparent administration.


For students:

  • Immediate availability of academic awards upon upload by Academic Institution
  • Online, permanent record of academic awards
  • No risk of losing, spoiling, damaging the academic awards
  • Anytime, anywhere and convenient access to academic awards

For verification Users (Employer Companies, Banks etc.)

  • Online, quick and reliable verification of academic awards (with prior consent of the student concerned)
  • Access to authenticated copy of academic awards
  • No risk of fake and forged Certificates.
  • Reduction in cost, time and efforts for verification

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