- How India’s decision to eliminate single-use plastics will help in land conservation?
- How these kinds of conferences help the masses to think about land degradation and conservation subjects?
- Can these conventions reduce the difference in opinion regarding climate change between developed and developing nations?
- Is increasing forest cover one of the way to fight climate change?
- How India will address the concern of losing fertile land and its impact on agriculture?
- Does the ancient and traditional practice of balancing climate factors can help India to fight climate change?
14th COP: Environment Protection and Land Management
Single use plastic is a major cause behind land degradation and growing desertification. Therefore, it has become important to eliminate single-use plastics from the country.
How India’s decision to eliminate single-use plastics will help in land conservation?
- India will enhance the target of reverting the deserts back to the fertile condition from 21 million hectares to 26 million hectares. It will save almost 2.5 billion tonnes of carbon emission.
- Comprehensively, it will not only help to reduce the vagaries of climate change as well as save erosion of biodiversity, promote conservation efforts and will save the environment for water security.
How these kinds of conferences help the masses to think about land degradation and conservation subjects?
- Climate change and desertification or biodiversity conservation are linked together and one affects the another and therefore the climate change accelerates and promotes desertification.
- Halting desertification helps in combating climate change as well as combating the biodiversity loss. Any laxity on any of these by the people will affect the other convention and their objectives very seriously.
- In contrary to the above, any positive act done by people to bring improvement in attaining the objective of all the three conventions.
- We have to have a holistic viewpoint in order of not to save biodiversity, prevent climate change, halting desertification but at the same time for conserving water.
- The PM has called for global action to conserve water without which the desertification cannot be reversed.
- It is a very important element for attaining the objectives to reverse the desertification.
- It educates the public and encourages governments to come up with appropriate measures to meet the challenge of land degradation.
Can these conventions reduce the difference in opinion regarding climate change between developed and developing nations?
- The difference of opinion should go away as soon as possible if we need the welfare of mankind and if we want to secure the wellbeing for all.
- In any part of the world is affected by climate change it a guarantee that others never remain free from Impacts.
- No single country can address the climate change issues on its own and that is why each one of the countries should help and benefit from each other.
- The climate change is a man-made challenge and therefore, all nations should come together to form policies and plans to fight it.
Is increasing forest cover one of the way to fight climate change?
- India has been able to increase its forest cover by .8 million hectares between 2015 to 2017.
- It is a good indication in moving in the direction of fighting climate change but the pace of these kinds of development has to go up significantly.
- The target of climate change reduction is huge, so the speed of corrective initiative should go up quickly to achieve the intended result without losing time and without making the situation more complex or difficult.
How India will address the concern of losing fertile land and its impact on agriculture?
- The Indian government want to double the income and for that, it has taken several measures. Distributing a soil health card is one among them.
- The soil card will assess the health of the soil in farms. The over-fertilization will be reduced and the use of micro-irrigation will go up saving water millions of litres.
- The crops which do not demand heavy water irrigation will be replaced by crops that can be grown with much less water.
- Soil is a very basic resource which should be conserved and enriched by the Indian farmers.
- The land and farming is given high respect in Indian culture and often termed as Maa Vasundhra and it becomes important to aim for a land resource also mentioned in sustainable development goals.
Does the ancient and traditional practice of balancing climate factors can help India to fight climate change?
- Yes, it can rejuvenate the climate. India has always tried to maintain a balance between air, water, land and overall ecosystem. It is an ancient practice even mentioned in Vedas.
- Not only India but the entire world has to embrace this great idea and without that, it is not possible to fight with climate change.
- The science also supports this practice and there is enough evidence to show that if we care for the fertility of the soil, even a small landholding would be good enough to provide nutritious food for the people.
- Healthy soil harbours healthy people and poor soil does not guarantee a healthy population.
- If the soil degradation is not controlled than the migration of people can start and consequently social unrest, political upheaval is possible of such neglect.
- Therefore, it becomes essential that land resource and its fertility should be restored with sustained efforts using new scientific technologies and methods